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Java Program For Making Middle Node Head In A Linked List

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  • Last Updated : 13 Jan, 2022

Given a singly linked list, find middle of the linked list and set middle node of the linked list at beginning of the linked list. 
Examples:

Input: 1 2 3 4 5 
Output: 3 1 2 4 5

Input: 1 2 3 4 5 6
Output: 4 1 2 3 5 6 

https://media.geeksforgeeks.org/wp-content/uploads/Capturedsdw.png

The idea is to first find middle of a linked list using two pointers, first one moves one at a time and second one moves two at a time. When second pointer reaches end, first reaches middle. We also keep track of previous of first pointer so that we can remove middle node from its current position and can make it head.

Java




// Java program to make middle node 
// as head of Linked list
public class GFG 
{     
    // Link list node 
    static class Node 
    {
        int data;
        Node next;
        Node(int data)
        {
            this.data = data;
            next = null;
        }
    }
      
    static Node head;
      
    /* Function to get the middle and 
       set at beginning of the linked list*/
    static void setMiddleHead()
    {
        if (head == null)
            return;
       
        // To traverse list nodes one 
        // by one
        Node one_node = head;
       
        // To traverse list nodes by 
        // skipping one.
        Node two_node = head;
       
        // To keep track of previous of middle
        Node prev = null;
        while (two_node != null && 
               two_node.next != null
        {     
            // For previous node of middle node 
            prev = one_node;
       
            // Move one node each time
            two_node = two_node.next.next;
       
            // Move two node each time
            one_node = one_node.next;
        }
       
        // Set middle node at head 
        prev.next = prev.next.next;
        one_node.next = head;
        head = one_node;
    }
       
    // To insert a node at the beginning 
    // of linked list.
    static void push(int new_data)
    {
        // Allocate node 
        Node new_node = new Node(new_data);
       
        // Link the old list off the new node 
        new_node.next = head;
       
        // Move the head to point to the 
        // new node 
        head = new_node;
    }
       
    // A  function to print a given linked list
    static void printList(Node ptr)
    {
        while (ptr != null
        {
            System.out.print(ptr.data + " ");
            ptr = ptr.next;
        }
        System.out.println();
    }
       
    // Driver function
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        // Create a list of 5 nodes
        head = null;
        int i;
        for (i = 5; i > 0; i--)
            push(i);
          
        System.out.print(" list before: ");
        printList(head);
       
        setMiddleHead();
       
        System.out.print(" list After:  ");
        printList(head);
      
    }
}
// This code is contributed by Sumit Ghosh

Output:

list before: 1 2 3 4 5
list After : 3 1 2 4 5 

Please refer complete article on Make middle node head in a linked list for more details!


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