IntStream reduce(int identity, IntBinaryOperator op) in Java with Examples
IntStream reduce(int identity, IntBinaryOperator op) performs a reduction on the elements of this stream, using the provided identity value and an associative accumulation function, and returns the reduced value.
A reduction operation or fold takes a sequence of input elements and combines them into a single summary result, such as finding the sum or maximum of a set of numbers. An operator or function op is associative if the following holds :
(a op b) op c == a op (b op c)
This is a terminal operation i.e, it may traverse the stream to produce a result or a side-effect. After the terminal operation is performed, the stream pipeline is considered consumed, and can no longer be used.
int reduce(int identity, IntBinaryOperator op)
- identity : The identity value for the accumulating function.
- IntBinaryOperator : An operation upon two int-valued operands and producing an int-valued result.
- op : An associative, stateless function for combining two values.
Return Value : The result of the reduction.
Example 1 :
Example 2 :
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