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Importance of Chemistry in Everyday Life

  • Last Updated : 29 Nov, 2021

The scientific study of matter’s properties and behaviour is known as chemistry. It is a natural science that studies the elements that makeup matter, as well as the compounds, made up of atoms, molecules, and ions: their composition, structure, qualities, and behaviour, as well as the changes that occur when they mix with other things.

Chemistry is a discipline that falls somewhere between physics and biology in terms of scope. It is also referred to as the “core science” since it provides a fundamental framework for understanding both basic and applied scientific disciplines. Chemistry, for example, explains aspects of plant chemistry (botany), the formation of igneous rocks (geology), how atmospheric ozone is formed and how environmental pollutants are degraded (ecology), the properties of lunar soil (cosmochemistry), how medications work (pharmacology), and how to collect DNA evidence at a crime scene (criminology) (forensics).

Chemistry

Chemistry is a discipline of science concerned with the study of matter, including its structure, composition, and changes that occur when it is exposed to various situations. As a result, chemistry not only investigates the qualities of matter, but also how and why it changes.

Importance of Chemistry in Food

Chemicals are the fundamental components of everything. Chemical molecules make up all food, including carbs, vitamins, lipids, proteins, and fibre, which are all safe and often desirable.

Food Additives

Chemicals have an important part in the manufacturing and preservation of food. Food preservation chemicals have tremendously aided in the preservation of food for a longer duration. Cans of food additives, flavourings, and nutritional supplements can all contribute to improve the quality and quantity of meals.

Chemistry has provided the globe with vital fertilisers, herbicides, insecticides, and fungicides to aid in the production of healthy and nutritious crops, fruits, and vegetables. Urea, calcium superphosphates, ammonium sulphate, and sodium nitrate are all significant fertilisers.

Importance of Chemistry in Medicines

Medicines or pharmaceuticals are chemical substances that are used to treat diseases and relieve pain. Chemistry has made significant contributions to health care. Chemistry, for example, aids in the manufacture and application of surgical materials (sutures, artificial skin, and sterile materials).

For analysis, clinical laboratory tests employ a wide range of chemical procedures and substances.

Some important drugs in chemistry-

  • Analgesics are pain relievers that are used to treat a variety of ailments.
  • Tranquillizers are medications that are used to treat mental illnesses. Take, for instance, tension.
  • Antiseptics are used to destroy or prevent the growth of microorganisms on the skin, wounds, and cuts.
  • Disinfectants- These are chemicals that destroy microorganisms but are dangerous to humans.
  • Antibiotics- Antibiotics are chemical substances produced by some microorganisms that can be used to kill bacteria that cause infections.
  • Antacids- These are the compounds that are used to eliminate excess acid from the stomach and increase the pH to a healthy level.

Importance of Chemistry in Cosmetics

In our daily lives, we use lotions, fragrances, talcum powder, and a variety of other cosmetic goods. All of these items are developed in laboratories using chemicals for our health and skin. All cosmetic items, from babies to adults, are made up of chemical components.

As a result, chemistry is important in maintaining the pH of our skin, keeping it healthy, and removing any marks.

Importance of Green Chemistry

Green chemistry contributes to environmental protection by monitoring, protecting, and enhancing the conditions in which we live, such as air, water, and soil. Many methods and strategies have been created to ensure that all types of pollution in the environment are measured and prevented from depleting.

To make the air cleaner, many non-polluting fuels and compounds that can easily absorb contaminants from the air are being researched and tested. The replacement of CFC in refrigerators is one such example.

For interpreting health impacts, controlling emissions, and creating pollution-reduction devices, chemistry gives a complete understanding of contaminants.

Chemists test the water and soil for contamination on a regular basis and offer pollution results as well as long-term prevention for ecological balance and human health.

Importance of Chemistry in Soaps and Detergents

Soaps are sodium and potassium salts of fatty acids with greater molecular weights, such as stearic acid, palmitic acid, and oleic acid. Sodium salts of long-chain alkyl hydrogen sulphates or sodium salts of long-chain alkyl benzene sulphonic acids are commonly used as detergents.

Detergents and soaps are used for washing, cleaning, and bathing, among other things. The saponification method is used to make them in chemical companies. As a result, chemistry plays a significant role in the development of molecules, chemicals, and procedures for the production of soaps and detergents.

Importance of Chemistry in Textiles

Wool, silk, jute, cotton, flax, glass fibre, polyester, acrylic, nylon, and other raw materials are used in the textile industry to create useable items such as clothing, bags, carpets, furniture, towels, nets, and so on. Throughout the

Raw materials go through a number of chemical procedures during which cleaning and smoothing reagents are employed to clean and smooth the fabric.

Other chemical processes including dyeing, bleaching, scouring, printing, and finishing are also involved. In addition, chemists seek to increase a product’s quality.

Importance of Chemistry in Building and Constructions

Chemical items such as bricks, cement, pipelines, and other building materials all play an essential part in the quality of construction. Floor and wall tiles are constructed of heat-resistant polymers that also add strength to the structure.

Ceiling and roof materials are also designed to be heat resistant and give cooling to the structure. All of the pipes and switches are composed of polymers, which are both heat and stress-resistant.

As a result, chemistry enabled the use of all of these goods for the development of structures and people’s lives.

Importance of Chemistry in Fuel

Fuels are the sole thing that allows us to travel by land, sea, and air nowadays. Petrol, diesel, LPG, CNG, kerosene, oils, and other fuels are all obtained through sophisticated refining procedures from harsh oil found beneath the Earth’s crust.

Petrochemistry is a discipline of chemistry concerned with the study of petrochemical processes and how to use fuels in a way that is both pollution-free and long-term.

Importance of Chemistry in Battery

Batteries power our automobiles, electronic devices such as watches, laptops, mobile phones, and a variety of other power storage applications.

The electrochemistry concept governs the operation of batteries. Chemical energy is stored inside a battery and is transformed to electric energy through electrochemical processes.

Importance of Chemistry in Wars

TNT, RDX, HMX, gunpowders used in bullets, and other explosives used in conflicts are all chemical compounds. It was the chemistry that allowed these chemicals to be used during the war. Nuclear weapons, which have become more well-known in recent years, are also chemical chemicals.

Sample Questions

Question 1: What is the importance of chemistry in engineering?

Answer:

Chemistry plays a role in engineering in areas such as production, fuel research, and building and construction materials. When a person understands the qualities of compounds and elements, they can apply their knowledge to better understand the workings and mechanisms of things in the future.

Question 2: What is the importance of chemistry in society?

Answer:

Everything in our environment is formed of matter. Chemistry is significant in our civilization because it affects our basic needs for food, clothing, shelter, health, energy, and clean air, water, and soil, among other things.

Question 3: What is the importance of chemistry in agriculture?

Answer:

Chemistry has provided the globe with vital fertilisers, herbicides, insecticides, and fungicides to aid in the production of healthy and nutritious crops, fruits, and vegetables. Urea, calcium superphosphates, ammonium sulphate, and sodium nitrate are all significant fertilisers.

Question 4:  What is the importance of chemistry in medicine?

Answer:

Medicines or pharmaceuticals are chemical substances that are used to treat diseases and relieve pain. Chemistry has made significant contributions to health care. Chemistry, for example, aids in the manufacture and application of surgical materials (sutures, artificial skin, and sterile materials). For analysis, clinical laboratory tests employ a wide range of chemical procedures and substances.

Question 5: What are some examples of chemistry in daily life?

Answer:

Toothpaste, lotions, facewash, the food we eat, pharmaceuticals, batteries in watches, mobile phones, cars, laptops, and other electronic devices, and fuel in our vehicles are all instances of chemistry in our daily lives.

Question 6: Why is chemistry important in food?

Answer:

Chemicals are the fundamental components of everything. Chemical molecules make up all food, including carbs, vitamins, lipids, proteins, and fibre, which are all safe and often desirable.

Chemicals have an important part in the manufacturing and preservation of food. Food preservation chemicals have tremendously aided in the preservation of food for a longer duration. Cans of food additives, flavourings, and nutritional supplements can all contribute to improve the quality and quantity of meals.


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