Implementation of Binomial Heap
In previous article, we have discussed about the concepts related to Binomial heap.
Examples Binomial Heap:
12------------10--------------------20 / \ / | \ 15 50 70 50 40 | / | | 30 80 85 65 | 100 A Binomial Heap with 13 nodes. It is a collection of 3 Binomial Trees of orders 0, 2 and 3 from left to right. 10--------------------20 / \ / | \ 15 50 70 50 40 | / | | 30 80 85 65 | 100
In this article, implementation of Binomial Heap is discussed. Following functions implemented :
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- insert(H, k): Inserts a key ‘k’ to Binomial Heap ‘H’. This operation first creates a Binomial Heap with single key ‘k’, then calls union on H and the new Binomial heap.
- getMin(H): A simple way to getMin() is to traverse the list of root of Binomial Trees and return the minimum key. This implementation requires O(Logn) time. It can be optimized to O(1) by maintaining a pointer to minimum key root.
- extractMin(H): This operation also uses union(). We first call getMin() to find the minimum key Binomial Tree, then we remove the node and create a new Binomial Heap by connecting all subtrees of the removed minimum node. Finally we call union() on H and the newly created Binomial Heap. This operation requires O(Logn) time.
The heap is: 50 10 30 40 20 After deleing 10, the heap is: 20 30 40 50
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