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How to validate Visa Card number using Regular Expression

Given a string str, the task is to check whether the given string is a valid Visa Card number or not by using Regular Expression
The valid Visa Card number must satisfy the following conditions:

1. It should be 13 or 16 digits long, new cards have 16 digits and old cards have 13 digits.
3. If the cards have 13 digits the next twelve digits should be any number between 0-9.
4. If the cards have 16 digits the next fifteen digits should be any number between 0-9.
5. It should not contain any alphabet or special characters.

Examples:

Input: str = “4155279860457”;
Output: true
Explanation: The given string satisfies all the above mentioned conditions. Therefore it is a valid Visa Card number.
Input: str = “4155279”;
Output: false.
Explanation: The given string has 7 digits. Therefore it is not a valid Visa Card number.
Input: str = “6155279860457”;
Output: false.
Explanation: The given string doesn’t starts with 4. Therefore it is not a valid Visa Card number.

Approach: The idea is to use Regular Expression to solve this problem. The following steps can be followed to compute the answer.

1. Get the String.
2. Create a regular expression to check valid Visa Card number as mentioned below:

`regex = "^4[0-9]{12}(?:[0-9]{3})?\$";`
1. Where:
• ^ represents the starting of the string.
• [0-9]{12} represents the next twelve digits should be any between 0-9.
• ( represents the start of the group.
• ? represents the 0 or 1 time.
• [0-9]{3} represents the next three digits should be any between 0-9.
• ) represents the ending of the group.
• ? represents the 0 or 1 time.
• \$ represents the ending of the string.
2. Match the given string with the Regular Expression.
In Java, this can be done by using Pattern.matcher().
In C++, this can be done by using regex_match().
3. Return true if the string matches with the given regular expression, else return false.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++

 `// C++ program to validate``// Visa Card number``// using Regular Expression``#include ``#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `// Function to validate Visa Card number``bool` `isValidVisaCardNo(string str)``{` `  ``// Regex to check valid Visa Card number``  ``const` `regex pattern(``"^4[0-9]{12}(?:[0-9]{3})?\$"``);` `  ``// If the Visa Card number``  ``// is empty return false``  ``if` `(str.empty())``  ``{``     ``return` `false``;``  ``}` `  ``// Return true if the Visa Card number``  ``// matched the ReGex``  ``if``(regex_match(str, pattern))``  ``{``    ``return` `true``;``  ``}``  ``else``  ``{``    ``return` `false``;``  ``}``}` `// Driver Code``int` `main()``{``  ` `  ``// Test Case 1:``  ``string str1 = ``"4155279860457"``;``  ``cout << isValidVisaCardNo(str1) << endl;` `  ``// Test Case 2:``  ``string str2 = ``"4155279860457201"``;``  ``cout << isValidVisaCardNo(str2) << endl;` `  ``// Test Case 3:``  ``string str3 = ``"4155279"``;``  ``cout << isValidVisaCardNo(str3) << endl;` `  ``// Test Case 4:``  ``string str4 = ``"6155279860457"``;``  ``cout << isValidVisaCardNo(str4) << endl;` `  ``// Test Case 5:``  ``string str5 = ``"415a27##60457"``;``  ``cout << isValidVisaCardNo(str5) << endl;` `  ``return` `0;``}` `// This code is contributed by yuvraj_chandra`

Java

 `// Java program to validate``// Visa Card number``// using regular expression``import` `java.util.regex.*;``class` `GFG {` `    ``// Function to validate``    ``// Visa Card number.``    ``// using regular expression.``    ``public` `static` `boolean``    ``isValidVisaCardNo(String str)``    ``{``        ``// Regex to check valid.``        ``// Visa Card number``        ``String regex = ``"^4[0-9]{12}(?:[0-9]{3})?\$"``;` `        ``// Compile the ReGex``        ``Pattern p = Pattern.compile(regex);` `        ``// If the string is empty``        ``// return false``        ``if` `(str == ``null``) {``            ``return` `false``;``        ``}` `        ``// Find match between given string``        ``// and regular expression``        ``// using Pattern.matcher()` `        ``Matcher m = p.matcher(str);` `        ``// Return if the string``        ``// matched the ReGex``        ``return` `m.matches();``    ``}` `    ``// Driver code``    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String args[])``    ``{` `        ``// Test Case 1:``        ``String str1 = ``"4155279860457"``;``        ``System.out.println(``            ``isValidVisaCardNo(str1));` `        ``// Test Case 2:``        ``String str2 = ``"4155279860457201"``;``        ``System.out.println(``            ``isValidVisaCardNo(str2));` `        ``// Test Case 3:``        ``String str3 = ``"4155279"``;``        ``System.out.println(``            ``isValidVisaCardNo(str3));` `        ``// Test Case 4:``        ``String str4 = ``"6155279860457"``;``        ``System.out.println(``            ``isValidVisaCardNo(str4));` `        ``// Test Case 5:``        ``String str5 = ``"415a27##60457"``;``        ``System.out.println(``            ``isValidVisaCardNo(str5));``    ``}``}`

Python3

 `# Python3 program to validate Visa``# Card number using regular expression``import` `re` `# Function to validate Visa Card``# number using regular expression.``def` `isValidVisaCardNo(string):``    ` `    ``# Regex to check valid Visa``    ``# Card number``    ``regex ``=` `"^4[0-9]{12}(?:[0-9]{3})?\$"``;` `    ``# Compile the ReGex``    ``p ``=` `re.``compile``(regex);``    ` `    ``# If the string is empty``    ``# return false``    ``if` `(string ``=``=` `''):``        ``return` `False``;``        ` `    ``# Pattern class contains matcher()``    ``# method to find matching between``    ``# given string and regular expression.``    ``m ``=` `re.match(p, string);``    ` `    ``# Return True if the string``    ``# matched the ReGex else False``    ``if` `m ``is` `None``:``        ``return` `False``    ``else``:``        ``return` `True` `# Driver code``if` `__name__ ``=``=` `"__main__"``:``    ` `    ``# Test Case 1``    ``str1 ``=` `"4155279860457"``;``    ``print``(isValidVisaCardNo(str1));``    ` `    ``# Test Case 2``    ``str2 ``=` `"4155279860457201"``;``    ``print``(isValidVisaCardNo(str2));``    ` `    ``# Test Case 3``    ``str3 ``=` `"4155279"``;``    ``print``(isValidVisaCardNo(str3));``    ` `    ``# Test Case 4``    ``str4 ``=` `"6155279860457"``;``    ``print``(isValidVisaCardNo(str4));``    ` `    ``# Test Case 5``    ``str5 ``=` `"415a27##60457"``;``    ``print``(isValidVisaCardNo(str5));``    ` `# This code is contributed by AnkitRai01`

C#

 `// C# program to validate``// Visa Card number``// using regular expression``using` `System;``using` `System.Text.RegularExpressions;` `class` `GFG {` `  ``// Function to validate``  ``// Visa Card number.``  ``// using regular expression.``  ``public` `static` `bool``    ``isValidVisaCardNo(``string` `str)``  ``{``    ``// Regex to check valid.``    ``// Visa Card number``    ``string` `regex = ``"^4[0-9]{12}(?:[0-9]{3})?\$"``;` `    ``// Compile the ReGex``    ``Regex p = ``new` `Regex(regex);` `    ``// If the string is empty``    ``// return false``    ``if` `(str == ``null``) {``      ``return` `false``;``    ``}` `    ``// Find match between given string``    ``// and regular expression``    ``// using Pattern.matcher()` `    ``Match m = p.Match(str);` `    ``// Return if the string``    ``// matched the ReGex``    ``return` `m.Success;``  ``}` `  ``// Driver code``  ``public` `static` `void` `Main()``  ``{` `    ``// Test Case 1:``    ``string` `str1 = ``"4155279860457"``;``    ``Console.WriteLine(``      ``isValidVisaCardNo(str1));` `    ``// Test Case 2:``    ``string` `str2 = ``"4155279860457201"``;``    ``Console.WriteLine(``      ``isValidVisaCardNo(str2));` `    ``// Test Case 3:``    ``string` `str3 = ``"4155279"``;``    ``Console.WriteLine(``      ``isValidVisaCardNo(str3));` `    ``// Test Case 4:``    ``string` `str4 = ``"6155279860457"``;``    ``Console.WriteLine(``      ``isValidVisaCardNo(str4));` `    ``// Test Case 5:``    ``string` `str5 = ``"415a27##60457"``;``    ``Console.WriteLine(``      ``isValidVisaCardNo(str5));``  ``}``}` `// This code is contributed by Pushpesh Raj.`

Javascript

 `// Javascript program to validate``// Visa Card  Number  using Regular Expression` `// Function to validate the``// Visa Card  Number ``function` `isValid_VisaCard_Number(VisaCard_Number) {``    ``// Regex to check valid``    ``// VisaCard_Number ``    ``let regex = ``new` `RegExp(/^4[0-9]{12}(?:[0-9]{3})?\$/);` `    ``// if VisaCard_Number``    ``// is empty return false``    ``if` `(VisaCard_Number == ``null``) {``        ``return` `"false"``;``    ``}` `    ``// Return true if the VisaCard_Number``    ``// matched the ReGex``    ``if` `(regex.test(VisaCard_Number) == ``true``) {``        ``return` `"true"``;``    ``}``    ``else` `{``        ``return` `"false"``;``    ``}``}` `// Driver Code``// Test Case 1:``let str1 = ``"4155279860457"``;``console.log(isValid_VisaCard_Number(str1));` `// Test Case 2:``let str2 = ``"4155279860457201"``;``console.log(isValid_VisaCard_Number(str2));` `// Test Case 3:``let str3 = ``"4155279"``;``console.log(isValid_VisaCard_Number(str3));` `// Test Case 4:``let str4 = ``"6155279860457"``;``console.log(isValid_VisaCard_Number(str4));` `// Test Case 5:``let str5 = ``"415a27##60457"``;``console.log(isValid_VisaCard_Number(str5));` `// Test Case 6:``let str6 = ``"RAH12071998"``;``console.log(isValid_VisaCard_Number(str6));` `// This code is contributed by Rahul Chauhan`

Output:

```true
true
false
false
false```

Time Complexity: O(N) for each test case, where N is the length of the given string.
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

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