Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

How to Switch Themes in Android Using RadioButtons?
  • Last Updated : 22 Mar, 2021

We have seen android app comes with two different types of mode or theme which are dark mode or light mode or we also called them as night and morning mode. In this article, we will implement the light and dark mode in android using RadioButton

What we are going to build in this article? 

We will be building a simple application in which we will be displaying simple text and RadioButton in which we will be switching our theme from light to dark using simple RadioButtons. A sample video is given below to get an idea about what we are going to do in this article. Note that we are going to implement this project using the Java language. 

Step by Step Implementation

Step 1: Create a New Project

To create a new project in Android Studio please refer to How to Create/Start a New Project in Android Studio. Note that select Java as the programming language.

Step 2: Working with the activity_main.xml file



Navigate to the app > res > layout > activity_main.xml and add the below code to that file. Below is the code for the activity_main.xml file. 

XML




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout 
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">
  
    <!--text view for displaying simple heading-->
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/idTVHeading"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginTop="40dp"
        android:gravity="center_horizontal"
        android:text="Welcome to Geeks for Geeks"
        android:textAlignment="center"
        android:textSize="20sp" />
  
    <!--text view for displaying the selected theme-->
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/idtvTheme"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_below="@id/idTVHeading"
        android:layout_marginTop="30dp"
        android:gravity="center_horizontal"
        android:text="System Default Theme"
        android:textAlignment="center"
        android:textSize="20sp" />
  
    <!--radio group for switching theme-->
    <RadioGroup
        android:id="@+id/idRGgroup"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_below="@id/idtvTheme"
        android:layout_marginTop="30dp"
        android:orientation="vertical"
        android:padding="4dp">
  
        <!--radio button for light theme-->
        <RadioButton
            android:id="@+id/idRBLight"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"
            android:layout_margin="5dp"
            android:padding="5dp"
            android:text="Light" />
  
        <!--radio button for dark theme-->
        <RadioButton
            android:id="@+id/idRBDark"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"
            android:layout_margin="5dp"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:padding="5dp"
            android:text="Dark" />
  
    </RadioGroup>
      
</RelativeLayout>

Step 3: Working with the colors.xml file 

Navigate to the app > res > values > colors.xml and add the below code to it.

XML




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
    <color name="purple_200">#0F9D58</color>
    <color name="purple_500">#0F9D58</color>
    <color name="purple_700">#0F9D58</color>
    <color name="teal_200">#0F9D58</color>
    <color name="teal_700">#FF018786</color>
    <color name="black">#FF000000</color>
    <color name="white">#FFFFFFFF</color>
</resources>

Step 4: Working with themes.xml for light mode

Navigate to the app > res > values > themes > themes.xml for light mode and add the below code to it. 

XML






<resources xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools">
    <!-- Base application theme. -->
    <style name="Theme.Your Package Name" parent="Theme.MaterialComponents.DayNight.DarkActionBar">
        <!-- Primary brand color. -->
        <item name="colorPrimary">@color/purple_500</item>
        <item name="colorPrimaryVariant">@color/purple_700</item>
        <item name="colorOnPrimary">@color/white</item>
        <!-- Secondary brand color. -->
        <item name="colorSecondary">@color/teal_200</item>
        <item name="colorSecondaryVariant">@color/teal_700</item>
        <item name="colorOnSecondary">@color/black</item>
        <!--below is the text color-->
        <item name="android:textColor">@color/black</item>
        <!-- Status bar color. -->
        <item name="android:statusBarColor" tools:targetApi="l">?attr/colorPrimaryVariant</item>
        <!-- Customize your theme here. -->
    </style>
</resources>

Step 5: Working with themes.xml(night) for dark mode.

Navigate to the app > res > values > themes > themes.xml(night) for dark mode and add the below code to it. 

XML




<resources xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools">
    <!-- Base application theme. -->
    <style name="Theme.Your Package Name" parent="Theme.MaterialComponents.DayNight.DarkActionBar">
        <!-- Primary brand color. -->
        <item name="colorPrimary">@color/purple_200</item>
        <item name="colorPrimaryVariant">@color/purple_700</item>
        <item name="colorOnPrimary">@color/white</item>
        <!-- Secondary brand color. -->
        <item name="colorSecondary">@color/teal_200</item>
        <item name="colorSecondaryVariant">@color/teal_200</item>
        <item name="colorOnSecondary">@color/white</item>
        <!--text color-->
        <item name="android:textColor">@color/white</item>
        <!-- Status bar color. -->
        <item name="android:statusBarColor" tools:targetApi="l">?attr/colorPrimaryVariant</item>
        <!-- Customize your theme here. -->
    </style>
</resources>

Step 6: Working with the MainActivity.java file

Go to the MainActivity.java file and refer to the following code. Below is the code for the MainActivity.java file. Comments are added inside the code to understand the code in more detail.

Java




import android.os.Bundle;
import android.widget.RadioGroup;
import android.widget.TextView;
  
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatDelegate;
  
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    // initializing variables for
    // our radio group and text view.
    private RadioGroup radioGroup;
    private TextView themeTV;
  
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
          
        // initializing all our variables.
        radioGroup = findViewById(R.id.idRGgroup);
        themeTV = findViewById(R.id.idtvTheme);
          
        // on below line we are setting on check change method for our radio group.
        radioGroup.setOnCheckedChangeListener(new RadioGroup.OnCheckedChangeListener() {
            @Override
            public void onCheckedChanged(RadioGroup group, int checkedId) {
                // on radio button check change
                switch (checkedId) {
                    case R.id.idRBLight:
                        // on below line we are checking the radio button with id.
                        // on below line we are setting the text to text view as light mode.
                        themeTV.setText("Light Theme");
                        // on below line we are changing the theme to light mode.
                        AppCompatDelegate.setDefaultNightMode(AppCompatDelegate.MODE_NIGHT_NO);
                        break;
                    case R.id.idRBDark:
                        // this method is called when dark radio button is selected
                        // on below line we are setting dark theme text to our text view.
                        themeTV.setText("Dark Theme");
                        // on below line we are changing the theme to dark mode.
                        AppCompatDelegate.setDefaultNightMode(AppCompatDelegate.MODE_NIGHT_YES);
                        break;
                }
            }
        });
    }
}

Now run your app and see the output of the app. 

Output:

Attention reader! Don’t stop learning now. Get hold of all the important Java Foundation and Collections concepts with the Fundamentals of Java and Java Collections Course at a student-friendly price and become industry ready. To complete your preparation from learning a language to DS Algo and many more,  please refer Complete Interview Preparation Course.

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :