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How to move an array element from one array position to another in JavaScript?

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In JavaScript, we can access an array element as in other programming languages like C, C++, Java, etc. Also, there is a method called splice() in JavaScript, by which an array can be removed or replaced by another element for an index. So to move an array element from one array position to another we can splice() method or we can simply use array indexing ([]). 

These are the following ways to solve this problem:

Using for loop

In this approach, we are using a for loop for moving an array element from one position to another one.

Example: This example shows the implementation of the above-explained approach.

javascript

let arr = ["C++", "Java", "JS", "Python"];
 
console.log("Original array: " + arr);
 
// Position where from the element is
// going to move here 'python' is moved
let x = 3;
 
// Position at which element is to be
// moved here 'python' is moved to 
// index 1 which is index of 'Java'
let pos = 1;
 
// Store the moved element in a temp
// variable
let temp = arr[x];
 
// shift elements forward
let i;
for (i = x; i >= pos; i--) {
    arr[i] = arr[i - 1];
}
 
// Insert moved element at position 
arr[pos] = temp;
 
console.log("After move: " + arr);

                    

Output
Original array: C++,Java,JS,Python
After move: C++,Python,Java,JS

Using splice() function

In this approach, we are using splice() function. If the given posiiton is less then zero then we will move that element at the end of the array. If it is greater than 0 then we will move the element in between the array, that is how we move our element according to the index.

Example: This example shows the implementation of the above-explained approach.

javascript

let arr = ["C++ ", "Java ", "JS ",
    "Ruby ", "Python "];
 
//     Print the array before moving
console.log("Original array: " + arr);
 
// Position where from the element is
// going to move here 'Ruby' is moved
let moveEle = 3;
 
// Position at which element is to be moved
// here 'Ruby' is moved to  index 1 which is
// index of 'Java'
let moveToIndx = 1;
 
// If actual index of moved element is
// less than 0 when 'moveEle += array size'
while (moveEle < 0) {
    moveEle += arr.length;
}
 
// Where the element to be moved f that
// index is less than 0 when
// 'moveToIndx += array size'
while (moveToIndx < 0) {
    moveToIndx = moveToIndx + arr.length;
}
 
// If 'moveToIndx' is greater than the
// size of the array then with need to
// push 'undefined' in the array.
if (moveToIndx >= arr.length) {
    let un = moveToIndx - arr.length + 1;
    while (un--) {
        arr.push(undefined);
    }
}
// Here element of 'moveEle' is removed and
// pushed at 'moveToIndx' index
arr.splice(moveToIndx, 0, arr.splice(moveEle, 1));
 
// Print the array after moving
console.log("After move: " + arr);

                    

Output
Original array: C++ ,Java ,JS ,Ruby ,Python 
After move: C++ ,Ruby ,Java ,JS ,Python 

Using slice(), concat(), and spread operator

In this approach, we are using slice(), concat(), and spread operator. we are craeting the array from the index 0 to the index where that element(that will be moved) is present and the inserted new element and the remaining elements.

Example: In this example, we will use slice(), concat(), and spread operator.

Javascript

const arr = [1, 2, 8, 4, 5];
const toMove = arr[2];
 
const newArr = [
  ...arr.slice(0, 2),
  ...arr.slice(3),
     toMove
];
console.log(newArr);

                    

Output
[ 1, 2, 4, 5, 8 ]


Last Updated : 13 Dec, 2023
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