Android Studio is a full-featured cross-platform IDE which helps us to build applications for Android device. Android Studio is based on JetBrains’ IntelliJ IDEA. This IDE includes everything we need for Android development. Android Studio build system is powered by Gradle allowing you to make multiple build variants for various devices from one project. This article will explain the way to install Android Studio on Ubuntu 18.04. We can use the same instructions for Ubuntu 16.04 and any Ubuntu-based distribution, including Kubuntu, Linux Mint, and Elementary OS.
Prerequisites: We need to be logged in as a user with sudo access. It will make our system able to install packages on our Ubuntu system.
System Requirements for Installing Android Studio in Ubuntu
These are some important specifications our machine needs to meet:
- 64-bit distribution capable of running 32-bit applications.
- GNU C Library (glibc) 2.19 or later
- Minimum of 3 GB RAM, 8 GB RAM recommended; plus 1 GB for the Android Emulator.
- Minimum disk space should be 2 GB,
- 4 GB Recommended (1.5 GB for Android SDK and emulator system image + 500 MB for IDE)
- The minimum screen resolution should be 1280×800.
Method 1: From The Ubuntu Software Centre
We can easily install Ubuntu software from Ubuntu Software Centre but desired software must exist in the software store. To install Android Studio we can visit the Ubuntu Software Centre and search for Android Studio. Once we found the software easily click on the install button. We will get a password prompt to confirm the installation process. Once the installation gets completed we will have the Android Studio icon in our application tray. Once it installed successfully, we can check the final setup section.
Method 2: Using The Snap Tool
When the snap tool is available it becomes too easy to install software packages. We do not have to modify any files or type in any scary commands. But we need to have Snap installed in our machine in the first place. We can install Snap, using the below command:
$ sudo apt-get install snapd
Once the installation of Snap gets successful, we can proceed to install Android Studio with the below command:
$ sudo snap install android-studio
It may take some time, hence we have to wait for some minutes. It should be installed successfully, but for some reason, if it throws an error like this:
error: This revision of snap “android-studio” was published using classic confinement and thus may perform arbitrary system changes outside of the security sandbox that snaps are usually confined to, which may put your system at risk.
Then we have to add the –classic parameter to the command as shown below:
$ sudo snap install android-studio --classic
Once it installed successfully, we can check the final setup section.
Method 3: Using the Zip File
Installing Java OpenJDK
To install Android Studio we require OpenJDK version 8 or above to be installed in our system. First, we will install OpenJDK 8. The installation is very simple, we can start by updating the package index:
$ sudo apt update
Now install the OpenJDK 8 package using the below command
$ sudo apt install openjdk-8-jdk
To verify the installation we can use the below command to check the version:
$ java -version
The output will be something like this:
openjdk version "1.8.0_191" OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_191-8u191-b12-2ubuntu0.18.04.1-b12) OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.191-b12, mixed mode)
Installing Android Studio
To download and install the Android Studio snap package, we have to open our terminal using the Ctrl+Alt+T keyboard shortcut and type the below command:
$ sudo snap install android-studio --classic
When the installation gets completed, we will see the following output:
android-studio 184.108.40.206 from Snapcrafters installed
Now Android Studio has been installed on our Ubuntu desktop.
Starting Android Studio
Once the Android Studio is installed in the system using any of the above methods, we can start Android Studio through our terminal by typing android-studio in our terminal or by clicking on the Android Studio icon. When we start Android Studio for the first time, the below window will appear asking us to import Android Studio settings from a previous installation:
When we click on the OK button, the Setup Wizard window will appear. We have to click on the Next button to start the initial configuration and post-installation steps. Now option to choose the type of setup we want for Android studio will appear. We can select the “Standard” option or “Custom” option if we want to customize our Android Studio.
We can select the UI theme and the Setup Wizard on the next step. It will download and install the required SDK components. The process may take some time depending on our system and connection speed. Once the Android Studio IDE is loaded, the Welcome page will be presented: