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How to find the first and last character of a string in Java
  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 23 Jul, 2020

Given a string str, the task is to print the first and the last character of the string.

Examples:

Input: str = “GeeksForGeeks”

Output:

First: G



Last: s

Explanation: The first character of the given string is ‘G’ and the last character of given string is ‘s’.

Input: str = “Java”

Output: 

First: J

Last: a

Explanation: The first character of given string is ‘J’ and the last character of given string is ‘a’.

Method 1: Using String.charAt() method

  • The idea is to use charAt() method of String class to find the first and last character in a string. 
  • The charAt() method accepts a parameter as an index of the character to be returned.
  • The first character in a string is present at index zero and the last character in a string is present at index length of string-1 .
  • Now, print the first and the last character of the string.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

Java




// Java program to find first
// and last character of a string
  
class GFG {
  
    // Function to print first and last
    // character of a string
    public static void
    firstAndLastCharacter(String str)
    {
  
        // Finding string length
        int n = str.length();
  
        // First character of a string
        char first = str.charAt(0);
  
        // Last character of a string
        char last = str.charAt(n - 1);
  
        // Printing first and last
        // character of a string
        System.out.println("First: " + first);
        System.out.println("Last: " + last);
    }
  
    // Driver Code
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        // Given string str
        String str = "GeeksForGeeks";
  
        // Function Call
        firstAndLastCharacter(str);
    }
}
Output:
First: G
Last: s

Method 2: Using String.toCharArray() method

  • The idea is to first convert the given string into a character array using toCharArray() method of String class, then find the first and last character of a string and print it.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

Java




// Java program to find first
// and last character of a string
  
class GFG {
  
    // Function to print first and last
    // character of a string
    public static void
    firstAndLastCharacter(String str)
    {
        // Converting a string into
        // a character array
        char[] charArray = str.toCharArray();
  
        // Finding the length of
        // character array
        int n = charArray.length;
  
        // First character of a string
        char first = charArray[0];
  
        // Last character of a string
        char last = charArray[n - 1];
  
        // Printing first and last
        // character of a string
        System.out.println("First: " + first);
        System.out.println("Last: " + last);
    }
  
    // Driver Code
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        // Given string str
        String str = "GeeksForGeeks";
  
        // Function Call
        firstAndLastCharacter(str);
    }
}
Output:
First: G
Last: s

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