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How to find out the caller function in JavaScript?

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In this article, we see the methods to find out the caller function in Javascript. Sometimes, the developer may want to modify how a function works on the basis of its caller function. To find out the caller function name, we will use the Function object’s caller property.

Property:

Here, the Function object is replaced by the name of the function of which we want to know the parent function name. 

Example 1: When the below code is executed, we can see the name of the parent function being logged out. 

javascript

<script>
    // Child function
    function Foo() {
     
    // This will print 'Bar'
        console.log(Foo.caller.name);
    }
     
    // Parent function
    function Bar() {
    Foo();
    }
     
    Bar();
</script>

                    

Output:

 Bar 

Example 2: Suppose we call the Foo function from multiple functions. 

javascript

<script>
    // Child function
    function Foo() {
     
        // This will print parent function's name
        console.log(Foo.caller.name);
    }
     
    // Parent function
    function Geeks() {
        Foo();
    }
     
    // Parent function
    function Fun() {
        Foo();
    }
     
    // Parent function
    function Sam() {
        Foo();
    }
     
    Geeks();
    Fun();
    Sam();
</script>

                    

Output: 

Geeks
Fun
Sam

 You can know more about the parent function from the property Function.caller



Last Updated : 26 Dec, 2022
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