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How to disable arrow key in textarea using JavaScript ?

  • Last Updated : 31 Oct, 2019

Given an HTML element containing the <textarea> element and the task is to disable scrolling through arrow keys with the help of JavaScript.

Approach 1:

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  • Add an event listener onkeydown on the window.
  • If the event happens then check if the keys are arrow or not.
  • If arrow key is pressed then prevent its default behaviour.

Example: This example implements the above approach.




<!DOCTYPE HTML> 
<html
  
<head
    <title
        How to disable arrow key in
        textarea using JavaScript ?
    </title>
      
    <style>
        #t {
            height: 100px;
            width: 300px;
            background: green;
            color: white;
        }
    </style>
</head
  
<body style = "text-align:center;"
      
    <h1 style = "color:green;"
        GeeksforGeeks 
    </h1>
      
    <p id = "GFG_UP" style =
        "font-size: 15px; font-weight: bold;">
    </p>
      
    <textarea id = "t">
        JavaScript was once upon a time used
        only in client side(browser), but node
        js (execution engine/run time/web 
        server) have made possible to run
        javascript on server side. JavaScript
        has stormed the web technology and
        nowadays small software ventures to
        fortune 500, all are using node js
        for web apps. 
    </textarea>
    <br>
      
    <button onclick = "gfg_Run()"
        click here
    </button>
      
    <p id = "GFG_DOWN" style = "color:green;
        font-size: 20px; font-weight: bold;">
    </p>
      
    <script>
        var el_up = document.getElementById("GFG_UP");
        var el_down = document.getElementById("GFG_DOWN");
          
        el_up.innerHTML = "Click on the button to disable"
                    + " scrolling through arrow keys.";
          
        function gfg_Run() {
            window.addEventListener("keydown", function(e) {
                if([32, 37, 38, 39, 40].indexOf(e.keyCode) > -1){
                    e.preventDefault();
                }
            }, false);
              
            el_down.innerHTML = 
                "Scrolling from arrow keys is disabled.";
        }         
    </script
</body
  
</html>

Output:



  • Before clicking on the button:
  • After clicking on the button:

Approach 2:

  • This example is quite similar to the previous one. It also maintains an array of which keys are pressed and when keyup event happens it removes them from array.
  • Add a event listener onkeydown on the window.
  • If the event happens then check if the keys are arrow or not.
  • If arrow key is pressed then prevent its default behaviour.

Example: This example implements the above approach.




<!DOCTYPE HTML> 
<html
  
<head
    <title
        How to disable arrow key in
        textarea using JavaScript ?
    </title>
      
    <style>
        #t {
            height: 100px;
            width: 300px;
            background: green;
            color: white;
        }
    </style>
</head
  
<body style = "text-align:center;"
      
    <h1 style = "color:green;"
        GeeksforGeeks 
    </h1>
      
    <p id = "GFG_UP" style =
        "font-size: 15px; font-weight: bold;">
    </p>
      
    <textarea id = "t">
        JavaScript was once upon a time used
        only in client side(browser), but node
        js (execution engine/run time/web 
        server) have made possible to run
        javascript on server side. JavaScript
        has stormed the web technology and
        nowadays small software ventures to
        fortune 500, all are using node js
        for web apps. 
    </textarea>
    <br>
      
    <button onclick = "gfg_Run()"
        click here
    </button>
      
    <p id = "GFG_DOWN" style = "color:green;
        font-size: 20px; font-weight: bold;">
    </p>
      
    <script>
        var el_up = document.getElementById("GFG_UP");
        var el_down = document.getElementById("GFG_DOWN");
          
        el_up.innerHTML = "Click on the button to disable"
                + " scrolling through arrow keys.";
          
        function gfg_Run() {
            var key = {};
            window.addEventListener("keydown", function(e) {
                key[e.keyCode] = true;
                switch(e.keyCode){
                    case 37: case 39: case 38: case 40:
                    case 32: e.preventDefault(); break; 
                    default: break;
                }
            }, false);
              
            window.addEventListener('keyup', function(e){
                key[e.keyCode] = false;
            }, false);
              
            el_down.innerHTML = 
                "Scrolling from arrow keys is disabled.";
        }         
    </script
</body
  
</html>

Output:

  • Before clicking on the button:
  • After clicking on the button:



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