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How to close current tab in a browser window using JavaScript?

  • Difficulty Level : Hard
  • Last Updated : 18 Oct, 2019

We are going to be looking at the method to close the current tab in a browser window using JavaScript. Earlier it used to happen that with a simple JavaScript function, the current tab used to get closed. The following syntax was used for this purpose.

Syntax:

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window.close()

But accounting for a security feature, which was introduced a few years ago, ordinary JavaScript lost its privilege to close the current tab, just by using this syntax.

Note: A current window/tab will only get closed if and only if it was created & opened by that script.Means the window.close syntax is only allowed for the window/tab that is created & opened using window.open method.



Example: This example shows how to open GeekForGeeks window and then close it.




<!DOCTYPE html>
  
<html>
<head>
    <style>
        body{
            text-align:center;
        }
    </style>
</head>
  
<body>
  
    <h2 style="color:green">GeeksforGeeks</h2>
    <h4 style="color:purple">Close Tab/Window using JavaScript</h4>
  
    <button onclick="openWin()">Click to open GeeksforGeeks website</button>
  
    <button onclick="closeWin()">Click here to close the window</button>
  
    <script>
        var myGeeksforGeeksWindow;
  
        function openWin() {
            myGeeksforGeeksWindow = window
                     .open("https://www.geeksforgeeks.org", "_blank", "width=786, height=786");
        }
  
        function closeWin() {
            myGeeksforGeeksWindow.close();
        }
    </script>
  
</body>
  
</html>

Output:
When we load the code:
ngcut

New Window/Tab gets opened up:
ngcut

The Window/Tab gets closed:
ngcut

The entire process:
ngcut




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