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Go vs Java

  • Last Updated : 02 Sep, 2019

Go is a procedural programming language. It was developed in 2007 by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson at Google, but launched in 2009 as an open-source programming language. Programs are assembled by using packages, for efficient management of dependencies. This language also supports the environment adopting patterns alike to dynamic languages.

Java is one of the most popular and widely used programming language and platform. A platform is an environment that helps to develop and run programs written in any programming language. Java is fast, reliable and secure. From desktop to web applications, scientific supercomputers to gaming consoles, cell phones to the Internet, Java is used in every nook and corner.

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Here are some of the differences between Go language and Java language:

Go is a procedural and concurrent programming language.Java is an Object-Oriented programming language.
It does not support classes with constructors and deconstructors.It supports classes with constructors and deconstructors.
It does not contain the concept of exception handling instead of exception handling Go has errors.It contains the concept of exception handling.
It does not support implicit type conversion.It supports implicit type conversion.
It does not support inheritance.It supports inheritance.
It supports Goroutine.It does not support Goroutines.
It does not support function overloading.It supports function overloading.
It does not support generics.It supports generics.
It support channel.It does not support channel.
It does not contain do-while and while statement.It contains do-while and while statement.
Go language programs are more compact than Java programs.Java programs are less compact than Go programs.
Threads in Go are cheap.Threads in Java are expensive in comparison to Go.
Go supports public and private functionalities in different way than Java. Although Go doesn’t support private and public keywords, the first letter of the function name decides if it’s Public(Upper case) or private(lower case).In Java, methods can be public or private.
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