Order of operands for logical operators

The order of operands of logical operators &&, || are important in C/C++.

In mathematics, logical AND, OR, etc… operations are commutative. The result will not change even if we swap RHS and LHS of the operator.

In C/C++ (may be in other languages as well)  even though these operators are commutative, their order is critical. For example see the following code,

// Traverse every alternative node
while( pTemp && pTemp->Next )
{
   // Jump over to next node
   pTemp = pTemp->Next->Next;
}

The first part pTemp will be evaluated against NULL and followed by pTemp->Next. If pTemp->Next is placed first, the pointer pTemp will be dereferenced and there will be runtime error when pTemp is NULL.

It is mandatory to follow the order. Infact, it helps in generating efficient code. When the pointer pTemp is NULL, the second part will not be evaluated since the outcome of AND (&&) expression is guaranteed to be 0.

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