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Flutter – Animated Navigation

  • Last Updated : 28 Jul, 2021

By default, Flutter has no animation when navigating from one Screen to another Screen. But in this tutorial, we are going to learn how to animate the Screen Transition.

Project Setup

Before directly applying to your existing project, practice the code in some example projects. For this tutorial, we are going to name our project screen_animation_tutorial. Open in VSCode or Android Studio.

After that, we will make two Screens. The first Screen will be the Starting screen and the next Screen will be the Final Screen. So go ahead and create two dart files under the lib folder.

The main.dart file code should look like this

Dart






import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:screen_animation_tutorial/start_screen.dart';
  
void main() {
  runApp(MyApp());
}
  
class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
    
  // This widget is the root of your application.
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return MaterialApp(
      title: 'GeeksForGeeks',
      theme: ThemeData(
        primarySwatch: Colors.green,
      ),
      home: StartScreen(),
    );
  }
}

The start_screen.dart should look like this.

Dart




import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:screen_animation_tutorial/final_screen.dart';
  
class StartScreen extends StatelessWidget {
  const StartScreen({Key? key}) : super(key: key);
  
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('GeeksForGeeks'),
      ),
      body: Container(
        color: Colors.yellow[200],
        child: Center(
          child: Column(
            mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
            children: [
              Text(
                'Start',
                style: TextStyle(fontSize: 48.0),
              ),
              ElevatedButton(
                onPressed: () {
                  Navigator.push(
                    context,
                    MaterialPageRoute(
                      builder: (_) => FinalScreen(),
                    ),
                  );
                },
                child: Text(
                  'Final',
                  style: TextStyle(
                    fontSize: 32.0,
                    fontWeight: FontWeight.w700,
                  ),
                ),
              ),
            ],
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

The final_screen.dart should look like this.

Dart




import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
  
class FinalScreen extends StatelessWidget {
  const FinalScreen({Key? key}) : super(key: key);
  
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('GeeksForGeeks'),
      ),
      body: Container(
        color: Colors.red[200],
        child: Center(
          child: Text(
            'Final',
            style: TextStyle(fontSize: 48.0),
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Run the app. It should look as below:

Screen Navigation without Animation

Code

Now we will implement the animation.

So in the start_screen.dart we have put the code for navigation inside the ElevatedButton widget. 

Dart






onPressed: () {
  Navigator.push(
    context,
    MaterialPageRoute(
      builder: (_) => FinalScreen(),
    ),
  );
},

Replace the MaterialPageRoute with PageRouteBuilder. It creates a Route that delegates to builder callbacks.

Dart




PageRouteBuilder(
  pageBuilder: (BuildContext context,
                Animation<double> animation,
                Animation<double> secondaryAnimation) {},
  ),
);

Inside the pageBuilder curly braces we the return Final Screen.

Dart




pageBuilder: (BuildContext context,
              Animation<double> animation,
              Animation<double> secondaryAnimation) {
  return FinalScreen();
},

Now add transitionBuilder in the PageRouteBuilder.

Dart




transitionsBuilder:
    (context, animation, secondaryAnimation, child) {
},

Now it is the most interesting part.

Here we will put how do we want our animation. So I want pop-in animation. So I am going to use ScaleTransition. If you want the Scrolling animation you can use Sliding Animation. You can use a bunch of animation with Flutter. Go ahead and try out all. Here I am going to use ScaleTranstion.

Dart




transitionsBuilder:
(context, animation, secondaryAnimation, child) {
  return ScaleTransition(
    alignment: Alignment.center,
    scale: Tween<double>(begin: 0.1, end: 1).animate(
      CurvedAnimation(
        parent: animation,
        curve: Curves.bounceIn,
      ),
    ),
    child: child,
  );
},

Here we can also use custom duration using the transitionDuration field.

Dart




transitionDuration: Duration(seconds: 2),

So we have completed the tutorial. The basic types of animation are:

  1. FadeTransition
  2. SizeTransition
  3. AlignTransition
  4. ScaleTransition
  5. PositionedTransition

Here is the full code of start_screen.dart in case you missed or couldn’t follow.

Dart




import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:screen_animation_tutorial/final_screen.dart';
  
class StartScreen extends StatelessWidget {
  const StartScreen({Key? key}) : super(key: key);
  
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('GeeksForGeeks'),
      ),
      body: Container(
        color: Colors.yellow[200],
        child: Center(
          child: Column(
            mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
            children: [
              Text(
                'Start',
                style: TextStyle(fontSize: 48.0),
              ),
              ElevatedButton(
                onPressed: () {
                  Navigator.push(
                    context,
                    PageRouteBuilder(
                      transitionsBuilder:
                          (context, animation, secondaryAnimation, child) {
                        return ScaleTransition(
                          alignment: Alignment.center,
                          scale: Tween<double>(begin: 0.1, end: 1).animate(
                            CurvedAnimation(
                              parent: animation,
                              curve: Curves.bounceIn,
                            ),
                          ),
                          child: child,
                        );
                      },
                      transitionDuration: Duration(seconds: 2),
                      pageBuilder: (BuildContext context,
                          Animation<double> animation,
                          Animation<double> secondaryAnimation) {
                        return FinalScreen();
                      },
                    ),
                  );
                },
                child: Text(
                  'Final',
                  style: TextStyle(
                    fontSize: 32.0,
                    fontWeight: FontWeight.w700,
                  ),
                ),
              ),
            ],
          ),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Output:

Screen Navigation with Animation

Hope you enjoyed the tutorial and learned something new. If you have any problems comment below.

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