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Find lexicographically first ID of each domain from given Array of email IDs

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  • Difficulty Level : Hard
  • Last Updated : 06 Dec, 2022
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You are given an array of Email IDs, the task is to return the lexicographically first email ID of every single domain.

Examples:

Input: Emails[] = {“ajay@gmail.com”, “rahul@hotmail.com”, “saif@gmail.com”, “faheem@yahoo.com”, “sam@hotmail.com”}
 Output: {“ajay@gmail.com”, “rahul@hotmail.com”, “faheem@yahoo.com”}
Explanation: All email IDs are of the total of 3 email domains in the input array so the output contains alphabetically the first email ID of every domain.

Input: Emails[] = {“ben@gmail.com”, “alex@gmail.com”, “fin@gmail.com”, “zeke@gmail.com”}
Output: {“alex@gmail.com”}
Explanation: Every email ID is of only one domain i.e. “gmail” so the email which is alphabetically first among all is returned.

Approach: Implement the idea below to solve the problem:

The idea is to sort the input emails first and then iterate over the input email. For every single email extract its domain name and map it with entire email address using a hashmap and while iterating check whether any email of current email Id’s domain is present or not. If no such email Id is present in hashmap then insert the current email Id.

 Follow the steps mentioned below to implement the idea:

  • Sort the Input Array and declare a hashmap that will have a string as key and value.
  • Iterate over the array and check whether the current email’s domain is present in the hashmap or not. 
    • If yes, then do nothing.
    • Otherwise, insert the current email ID into the hashmap along with its domain name.
  • Iterate over the Hashmap and populate the output array with its values.

Below is the implementation of the above approach.

C++




// C++ code to implement the approach
 
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to get the alphabetically first
// email id of each domain
void sendMail(string Emails[], int n)
{
    map<string, string> mp;
    // Sorting input array
    sort(Emails, Emails + n);
 
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        string temp = Emails[i];
 
        // Finding index of @ so that we can
        // extract the domain of email as
        // substring using this index
        int place = temp.find('@');
 
        // Storing domain of email address
        string domain = temp.substr(place);
 
        // Checking whether we already have
        // an email of this domain or not
        if (!mp.count(domain)) {
            mp[domain] = temp;
        }
    }
 
    // Iterating over map to get the desired
    // output
    for (auto it = mp.begin(); it != mp.end(); it++) {
        cout << it->second << endl;
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    int N = 5;
    string Emails[]
        = { "ajay@gmail.com", "rahul@hotmail.com",
            "saif@gmail.com", "faheem@yahoo.com",
            "sam@hotmail.com" };
 
    // Function call
    sendMail(Emails, N);
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java code to implement the approach
import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG {
 
  // Function to get the alphabetically first
  // email id of each domain
  static void sendMail(String[] Emails, int n)
  {
    HashMap<String, String> mp = new HashMap<>();
 
    // Sorting input array
    Arrays.sort(Emails);
 
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
      String temp = Emails[i];
 
      // Finding index of @ so that we can extract the
      // domain of email as substring using this index
      int place = temp.indexOf('@');
 
      // Storing domain of email address
      String domain = temp.substring(place);
 
      // Checking whether we already have
      // an email of this domain or not
      if (!mp.containsKey(domain)) {
        mp.put(domain, temp);
      }
    }
 
    // Iterating over map to get the desired
    // output
    for (String it : mp.values()) {
      System.out.println(it);
    }
  }
 
  public static void main(String[] args)
  {
    int N = 5;
    String[] Emails
      = { "ajay@gmail.com", "saif@gmail.com",
         "rahul@hotmail.com", "faheem@yahoo.com"
         "sam@hotmail.com" };
    // Function call
    sendMail(Emails, N);
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by lokeshmvs21.

Python3




# Python code to implement the approach
 
# Function to get the alphabetically first
# email id of each domain
def sendMail(Emails, n):
 
    # Sorting input array
    Emails.sort()
 
    mp = {}
 
    for i in range(n):
        temp = Emails[i]
 
        # Finding index of @ so that we can
        # extract the domain of email as
        # substring using this index
        place = temp.find('@')
 
        # Storing domain of email address
        domain = temp[place:]
 
        # Checking whether we already have
        # an email of this domain or not
        if domain not in mp:
            mp[domain] = temp
 
    # Iterating over map to get the desired
    # output
    for i in mp:
        print(mp[i])
 
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == '__main__':
    N = 5
    Emails = ["ajay@gmail.com", "rahul@hotmail.com",
              "saif@gmail.com", "faheem@yahoo.com",
              "sam@hotmail.com"]
 
    # Function call
    sendMail(Emails, N)
 
# This code is contributed by Tapesh(tapeshdua420)

C#




// C# code to implement the approach
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
 
class GFG {
 
    // Function to get the alphabetically first
    // email id of each domain
    static void sendMail(String[] Emails, int n)
    {
        Dictionary<String, String> mp
            = new Dictionary<String, String>();
 
        // Sorting input array
        Array.Sort(Emails);
 
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
            String temp = Emails[i];
 
            // Finding index of @ so that we can extract the
            // domain of email as substring using this index
            int place = temp.IndexOf('@');
 
            // Storing domain of email address
            String domain = temp.Substring(place);
 
            // Checking whether we already have
            // an email of this domain or not
            if (!mp.ContainsKey(domain)) {
                mp.Add(domain, temp);
            }
        }
 
        // Iterating over map to get the desired
        // output
        foreach(String it in mp.Values)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(it);
        }
    }
 
    public static void Main(String[] args)
    {
        int N = 5;
        String[] Emails
            = { "ajay@gmail.com", "saif@gmail.com",
                "rahul@hotmail.com", "faheem@yahoo.com",
                "sam@hotmail.com" };
        // Function call
        sendMail(Emails, N);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Tapesh(tapeshdua420)

Javascript




// JavaScript code to implement the approach
 
// Function to get the alphabetically first
// email id of each domain
const sendMail = (Emails, n) => {
    let mp = {};
    // Sorting input array
    Emails.sort((a, b) => a - b)
 
    for (let i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        let temp = Emails[i];
 
        // Finding index of @ so that we can
        // extract the domain of email as
        // substring using this index
        let place = temp.indexOf('@');
        // document.write(temp, place, temp.substring(place))
        // Storing domain of email address
        let domain = temp.substring(place);
 
        // Checking whether we already have
        // an email of this domain or not
        if (!(domain in mp)) {
            mp[domain] = temp;
        }
    }
 
    // Iterating over map to get the desired
    // output
    for (let it in mp) {
        console.log(`${mp[it]}<br/>`);
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
 
let N = 5;
let Emails
    = ["ajay@gmail.com", "rahul@hotmail.com",
        "saif@gmail.com", "faheem@yahoo.com",
        "sam@hotmail.com"];
 
// Function call
sendMail(Emails, N);
 
// This code is contributed by rakeshsahni

Output

ajay@gmail.com
rahul@hotmail.com
faheem@yahoo.com

Time Complexity: O(N)
Auxiliary Space: O(N)

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