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Father of Biology – Aristole

Last Updated : 10 Nov, 2023
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Father of Biology: Biology is the scientific study of living organisms and their interactions with each other and their environments. It is one of the three main branches of natural science. Biology is the study of life and the evolution of living organisms such as animals, plants, fungi, bacteria, etc. The study of life and its processes is the focus of this scientific discipline. It is a diverse and vast field that encompasses a wide range of topics, from the molecular mechanisms that govern cellular processes to the study of ecosystems and the diversity of life on Earth. So, people often wonder about who is the Father of Biology. Aristotle is Considered as the Father of Biology. Aristotle was a Greek philosopher. Aristotle (384–322 BC) developed the field of biology. ,

In this article, you will learn about Aristotle, who is regarded as the father of biology, his achievements, works, and discoveries, and also the father of biology’s various branches.

Who is the Father of Biology?

Aristotle, who was born in 384 BC, is frequently referred to be the “Father of Biology.” Aristotle visited Lesvos in the fourth century BC when the island was overflowing with organisms. His interest in what he saw there inspired the development of a new science known as biology. Since Aristotle thoroughly investigated the natural world and examined its beginnings using scientific theories and careful observations as opposed to attributing them to supernatural intervention, he is referred to as the “Father of Biology” and is acknowledged for this. He was also the first to discover animal relationships and develop a classification scheme.


Father of Biology: Works

Aristotle authored up to 200 writings and other works like publications, studies, and papers across all branches of philosophy and science. None of those remain in their whole form. Aristotle or his students’ lecture notes and draft manuscripts were edited by ancient scholars. It was most notably done by Andronicus of Rhodes. He was the last head of the Lyceum, who organized, edited, and published Aristotle’s present works in Rome around 60 BCE. Even among philosophers, these papers are challenging to read due to their naturally compressed style. But these writings and publications were the sources through which his ideas were transmitted to later centuries.

He was a brilliant writer; among his best-known works are the Organon, De Anima (“On the Soul”), Physics, Metaphysics, Nicomachean Ethics, Eudemian Ethics, Magna Moralia, Politics, Rhetoric, and Poetics, as well as various works on natural history and science.

Father of Biology: Discoveries

Discoveries made by Aristotle in the field of science and philosophy is remarkable and beyond description. A brief concise summary of his discoveries is mentioned below:

  • Aristotle made amazingly accurate observations about the anatomy of octopuses, cuttlefish, crabs, and many other marine invertebrates, which he could only have done after having actually dissected them.
  • Aristotle studied the embryological development of a chick, separated whales and dolphins from fish, described the social structure of bees and the chambered stomachs of ruminants, and observed that some sharks give birth to live offspring.
  • In Aristotle’s system of animal taxonomy, organisms with similar characteristics were grouped together into genera, and then the species within those genera were identified.
  • According to Aristotle, there are two categories of animals: those that have blood and those that do not. These divisions are very similar to how we classify animals into vertebrates and invertebrates. The vertebrates, or blooded animals, were divided into five genera: oviparous quadrupeds (reptiles and amphibians), birds, fish, viviparous quadrupeds (mammals), and whales (which Aristotle was unaware were mammals). Insects (which included spiders, scorpions, and centipedes in addition to what we now define as insects), shelled animals (such as most molluscs and echinoderms), and “zoophytes,” or “plant-animals,” which supposedly resembled plants in their form, such as most cnidarians, were all categorized as bloodless animals.

Father of Biology Highlights

The below table lists the details about the father of biology:



Date of Birth

384 BC Srafira Chaladice Geek


322 BC, Euboea, Geek


Platonic Academy



Notable Work

Corpus Aristotlicum




Western Philosophy


Ancient Greek Philosophy


Peripatetic School

Classical Republicanism

Aristotelianism School

Notable Students

Alexander the great, Theophrastus, Aristoxenus

Main Interests

Zoology, Biology, Physics, Psychology, Logics, Ethics, Poetry, Music, Metaphysics, Rhetoric, Aesthetics, Economics, Politics, Geology, Government, Meteorology

Father of Biology: Father of Branches of Biology

The following table lists the fathers of different disciplines of biology:



Father of Botany


Father of Zoology


Father of Biology


Father of Modern Botany


Father of Endochrinology

Thomas Addison

Father of Immunology

Edward Jenner

Father of Agronomy

Peter De-cresenji

Father of Genetics

GJ Mendel

Father of Modern Genetics

TH Morgan

Father of Cytology

Robert Hooke

Father of Palynology


Father of Mycology


Father of Plant Physiology

Stephan Hales

Father of Gene Therapy


Father of Polygenic Inheritence


Father of Surgery and Plastic Surgery


Father of Anatomy


Father of Ethology

Konard Lorentz

Father of Cloning

Ian Willmut

Father of Chemotherapy

Paul Ehrlich

Father of Bryology

Johann Hedwig

Father of Mutation

Hugo De Vries

Father of Genetic Engineering

Paul Berg

Father of Ayurveda


Father of Taxonomy

Carolus Linnaeus

Father of Embryology


Father of Blood Circulation

William Harvey

Father of Medicine


Father of Blood Groups

Karl Landsteiner

Father of Palaentology

Leonardo da Vinci

Father of DNA Finger Printing


Father of Gerontology


Father of Bacteriology

Robert Koch

Father of Antibiotics

Alexander Fleming

Father of Pathology

Rudolph Virchow

Father of Virology

WM Stanley

Father of Epidemiology

John Snow

Father of Endocrinology

Thomas Addison

Father of Homeopathy


Summary – Father of Biology

Aristotle, born in 384 BC, is often recognized as the “Father of Biology” due to his groundbreaking contributions to the study of living organisms. As a Greek philosopher, Aristotle extensively explored the natural world, conducting careful observations and developing scientific theories to explain the origins of life. His keen interest in the diversity of organisms on the island of Lesvos inspired the emergence of the field of biology. Aristotle’s remarkable discoveries include accurate observations of marine invertebrates, the embryological development of chicks, and the classification of animals based on blood presence. His works, though challenging to read, laid the foundation for biological understanding. Notable for his comprehensive contributions, Aristotle’s influence extends across various disciplines, making him a key figure in the history of biology.

FAQs on Father of Biology

1. Who is regarded as the Father of Biology

The Father of Biology is regarded to be Aristotle. He is recognized as the founding figure of biology. Animal and Plantae were the first two kingdoms he categorized. The term “Aristotle’s Biology” refers to Aristotle’s theory of biology, which explains metabolism, temperature control, and embryogenesis.

2. What is Father of Biology (Aristotle) best known for?

Aristotle is regarded as an iconic figure in Greek philosophy, for his important contributions to logic, criticism, rhetoric, physics, biology, psychology, mathematics, metaphysics, ethics, and politics. He was Plato’s student for twenty years but is best known for opposing Plato’s idea of forms.

3. Why Aristotle is known as Father of Biology?

Aristotle is known as the “Father of Biology” because he studied the natural world and its origins using scientific theories and thorough observations rather than attributing them to supernatural intervention.

4. What are the Three Main Ideas of Father of Biology (Aristotle)?

Since Aristotle recognized the three essential components of ethos, pathos, and logos hundreds of years ago, there is no mystery in this situation. Ethos is simply our credibility or the justification for why others should take us seriously when you speak.

5. What is Father of Biology Aristotle’s Theory of forms?

For Aristotle, forms are always an expression of something. The only way to understand things is as mixtures of matter and form. In other words, he disagreed with Plato’s assertion that the forms are independent, which is why he was so critical of it.

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