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Difference between Promise and async/await in Node

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There are different ways to handle operations in Node or JavaScript. For asynchronous execution, different processes run simultaneously and are handled once the result of each process is available. There are different ways to handle the asynchronous code in Node or in JavaScript which are:

1. Promises:

In Node, a Promise is akin to a real-life commitment, ensuring the execution of an asynchronous event and managing its aftermath through three states: pending, resolved, or rejected.

  • Pending: Initial State, before the event has happened.
  • Resolved: After the operation completed successfully.
  • Rejected: If the operation had error during execution, the promise fails.

Error Handling of Promises: To handle a resolved promise, use the .then() method, and for a rejected promise, use .catch(). To execute code after promise handling, use .finally(), ensuring the code within runs regardless of the promise state.

Example: During database server data retrieval, a Promise remains pending until successful data reception (resolved state) or unsuccessful retrieval (rejected state).


const promise = new Promise(function (resolve, reject) {
    const string1 = "geeksforgeeks";
    const string2 = "geeksforgeeks";
    if (string1 === string2) {
    } else {
    .then(function () {
        console.log("Promise resolved successfully");
    .catch(function () {
        console.log("Promise is rejected");



Promise resolved successfully

2. Async/Await:

Async/Await simplifies working with promises, offering a cleaner syntax in asynchronous functions. The ‘await’ keyword, exclusive to async functions, pauses execution until the awaited promise resolves or rejects.

Error Handling in Async/Await: For a successfully resolved promise, we use try and for rejected promise, we use catch. To run a code after the promise has been handled using try or catch, we can .finally() method. The code inside .finally() method runs once regardless of the state of the promise.



const helperPromise = function () {
    const promise = new Promise(function (resolve, reject) {
        const x = "geeksforgeeks";
        const y = "geeksforgeeks";
        if (x === y) {
            resolve("Strings are same");
        } else {
            reject("Strings are not same");
    return promise;
async function demoPromise() {
    try {
        let message = await helperPromise();
    } catch (error) {
        console.log("Error: " + error);



Strings are same

Difference Between Promise and Async/Await:



Promise is an object representing intermediate state of operation which is guaranteed to complete its execution at some point in future.Async/Await is a syntactic sugar for promises, a wrapper making the code execute more synchronously.
Promise has 3 states – resolved, rejected and pending.It does not have any states. It returns a promise either resolved or rejected.
If the function “fxn1” is to executed after the promise, then promise.then(fxn1) continues execution of the current function after adding the fxn1 call to the callback chain.If the function “fxn1” is to executed after await, then await X() suspends execution of the current function and then fxn1 is executed.                                
Error handling is done using .then() and .catch() methods.Error handling is done using .try() and .catch() methods.
Promise chains can become difficult to understand sometimes.Using Async/Await makes it easier to read and understand the flow of the program as compared to promise chains.                                                        

Last Updated : 01 Jan, 2024
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