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Deletion from a Circular Linked List

  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 23 Nov, 2021

We have already discussed circular linked list and traversal in a circular linked list in the below articles: 
Introduction to circular linked list 
Traversal in a circular linked list 
In this article, we will learn about deleting a node from a circular linked list. Consider the linked list as shown below:  

cll_inserted

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We will be given a node and our task is to delete that node from the circular linked list.



Examples: 

Input : 2->5->7->8->10->(head node)
        data = 5
Output : 2->7->8->10->(head node)

Input : 2->5->7->8->10->(head node)
         7
Output : 2->5->8->10->(head node)

Algorithm
Case 1: List is empty. 

  • If the list is empty we will simply return.

Case 2:List is not empty  

  • If the list is not empty then we define two pointers curr and prev and initialize the pointer curr with the head node.
  • Traverse the list using curr to find the node to be deleted and before moving to curr to the next node, every time set prev = curr.
  • If the node is found, check if it is the only node in the list. If yes, set head = NULL and free(curr).
  • If the list has more than one node, check if it is the first node of the list. Condition to check this( curr == head). If yes, then move prev until it reaches the last node. After prev reaches the last node, set head = head -> next and prev -> next = head. Delete curr.
  • If curr is not the first node, we check if it is the last node in the list. Condition to check this is (curr -> next == head).
  • If curr is the last node. Set prev -> next = head and delete the node curr by free(curr).
  • If the node to be deleted is neither the first node nor the last node, then set prev -> next = curr -> next and delete curr.

Complete program to demonstrate deletion in Circular Linked List: 

C++14




// C++ program to delete a given key from
// linked list.
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
/* structure for a node */
class Node {
public:
    int data;
    Node* next;
};
 
/* Function to insert a node at the beginning of
a Circular linked list */
void push(Node** head_ref, int data)
{
    // Create a new node and make head as next
    // of it.
    Node* ptr1 = new Node();
    ptr1->data = data;
    ptr1->next = *head_ref;
 
    /* If linked list is not NULL then set the
    next of last node */
    if (*head_ref != NULL)
    {
        // Find the node before head and update
        // next of it.
        Node* temp = *head_ref;
        while (temp->next != *head_ref)
            temp = temp->next;
        temp->next = ptr1;
    }
    else
        ptr1->next = ptr1; /*For the first node */
 
    *head_ref = ptr1;
}
 
/* Function to print nodes in a given
circular linked list */
void printList(Node* head)
{
    Node* temp = head;
    if (head != NULL) {
        do {
            cout << temp->data << " ";
            temp = temp->next;
        } while (temp != head);
    }
 
    cout << endl;
}
 
/* Function to delete a given node from the list */
void deleteNode(Node** head, int key)
{
     
    // If linked list is empty
    if (*head == NULL)
        return;
         
    // If the list contains only a single node
    if((*head)->data==key && (*head)->next==*head)
    {
        free(*head);
        *head=NULL;
        return;
    }
     
    Node *last=*head,*d;
     
    // If head is to be deleted
    if((*head)->data==key)
    {
         
        // Find the last node of the list
        while(last->next!=*head)
            last=last->next;
             
        // Point last node to the next of head i.e.
        // the second node of the list
        last->next=(*head)->next;
        free(*head);
        *head=last->next;
      return;
    }
     
    // Either the node to be deleted is not found
    // or the end of list is not reached
    while(last->next!=*head&&last->next->data!=key)
    {
        last=last->next;
    }
     
    // If node to be deleted was found
    if(last->next->data==key)
    {
        d=last->next;
        last->next=d->next;
        free(d);
    }
    else
        cout<<"no such keyfound";
    }
 
/* Driver code */
int main()
{
    /* Initialize lists as empty */
    Node* head = NULL;
 
    /* Created linked list will be 2->5->7->8->10 */
    push(&head, 2);
    push(&head, 5);
    push(&head, 7);
    push(&head, 8);
    push(&head, 10);
 
    cout << "List Before Deletion: ";
    printList(head);
 
    deleteNode(&head, 7);
 
    cout << "List After Deletion: ";
    printList(head);
 
    return 0;
}
 
// This is code is contributed by rathbhupendra

C




// C program to delete a given key from
// linked list.
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
 
/* structure for a node */
struct Node {
    int data;
    struct Node* next;
};
 
/* Function to insert a node at the beginning of
   a Circular linked list */
void push(struct Node** head_ref, int data)
{
    // Create a new node and make head as next
    // of it.
    struct Node* ptr1 = (struct Node*)malloc(sizeof(struct Node));
    ptr1->data = data;
    ptr1->next = *head_ref;
 
    /* If linked list is not NULL then set the
       next of last node */
    if (*head_ref != NULL) {
        // Find the node before head and update
        // next of it.
        struct Node* temp = *head_ref;
        while (temp->next != *head_ref)
            temp = temp->next;
        temp->next = ptr1;
    }
    else
        ptr1->next = ptr1; /*For the first node */
 
    *head_ref = ptr1;
}
 
/* Function to print nodes in a given
  circular linked list */
void printList(struct Node* head)
{
    struct Node* temp = head;
    if (head != NULL) {
        do {
            printf("%d ", temp->data);
            temp = temp->next;
        } while (temp != head);
    }
 
    printf("\n");
}
 
/* Function to delete a given node from the list */
void deleteNode(struct Node* head, int key)
{
    if (head == NULL)
        return;
 
    // Find the required node
    struct Node *curr = head, *prev;
    while (curr->data != key)
    {
        if (curr->next == head)
        {
            printf("\nGiven node is not found"
                   " in the list!!!");
            break;
        }
 
        prev = curr;
        curr = curr->next;
    }
 
    // Check if node is only node
    if (curr->next == head)
    {
        head = NULL;
        free(curr);
        return;
    }
 
    // If more than one node, check if
    // it is first node
    if (curr == head)
    {
        prev = head;
        while (prev->next != head)
            prev = prev->next;
        head = curr->next;
        prev->next = head;
        free(curr);
    }
 
    // check if node is last node
    else if (curr->next == head && curr == head)
    {
        prev->next = head;
        free(curr);
    }
    else
    {
        prev->next = curr->next;
        free(curr);
    }
}
 
/* Driver code */
int main()
{
    /* Initialize lists as empty */
    struct Node* head = NULL;
 
    /* Created linked list will be 2->5->7->8->10 */
    push(&head, 2);
    push(&head, 5);
    push(&head, 7);
    push(&head, 8);
    push(&head, 10);
 
    printf("List Before Deletion: ");
    printList(head);
 
    deleteNode(head, 7);
 
    printf("List After Deletion: ");
    printList(head);
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to delete a given key from
// linked list.
class GFG {
 
    /* ure for a node */
    static class Node {
        int data;
        Node next;
    };
 
    /* Function to insert a node at the beginning of
a Circular linked list */
    static Node push(Node head_ref, int data)
    {
        // Create a new node and make head as next
        // of it.
        Node ptr1 = new Node();
        ptr1.data = data;
        ptr1.next = head_ref;
 
        /* If linked list is not null then set the
    next of last node */
        if (head_ref != null) {
            // Find the node before head and update
            // next of it.
            Node temp = head_ref;
            while (temp.next != head_ref)
                temp = temp.next;
            temp.next = ptr1;
        }
        else
            ptr1.next = ptr1; /*For the first node */
 
        head_ref = ptr1;
        return head_ref;
    }
 
    /* Function to print nodes in a given
circular linked list */
    static void printList(Node head)
    {
        Node temp = head;
        if (head != null) {
            do {
                System.out.printf("%d ", temp.data);
                temp = temp.next;
            } while (temp != head);
        }
 
        System.out.printf("\n");
    }
 
    /* Function to delete a given node from the list */
    static Node deleteNode(Node head, int key)
    {
        if (head == null)
            return null;
 
        // Find the required node
        Node curr = head, prev = new Node();
        while (curr.data != key) {
            if (curr.next == head) {
                System.out.printf("\nGiven node is not found"
                                  + " in the list!!!");
                break;
            }
 
            prev = curr;
            curr = curr.next;
        }
 
        // Check if node is only node
        if (curr == head && curr.next == head) {
            head = null;
            return head;
        }
 
        // If more than one node, check if
        // it is first node
        if (curr == head) {
            prev = head;
            while (prev.next != head)
                prev = prev.next;
            head = curr.next;
            prev.next = head;
        }
 
        // check if node is last node
        else if (curr.next == head) {
            prev.next = head;
        }
        else {
            prev.next = curr.next;
        }
        return head;
    }
 
    /* Driver code */
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        /* Initialize lists as empty */
        Node head = null;
 
        /* Created linked list will be 2.5.7.8.10 */
        head = push(head, 2);
        head = push(head, 5);
        head = push(head, 7);
        head = push(head, 8);
        head = push(head, 10);
 
        System.out.printf("List Before Deletion: ");
        printList(head);
 
        head = deleteNode(head, 7);
 
        System.out.printf("List After Deletion: ");
        printList(head);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Arnab Kundu

Python




# Python program to delete a given key from
# linked list.
 
# Node of a doubly linked list
class Node:
    def __init__(self, next = None, data = None):
        self.next = next
        self.data = data
 
# Function to insert a node at the beginning of
# a Circular linked list
def push(head_ref, data):
 
    # Create a new node and make head as next
    # of it.
    ptr1 = Node()
    ptr1.data = data
    ptr1.next = head_ref
 
    # If linked list is not None then set the
    # next of last node
    if (head_ref != None) :
         
        # Find the node before head and update
        # next of it.
        temp = head_ref
        while (temp.next != head_ref):
            temp = temp.next
        temp.next = ptr1
     
    else:
        ptr1.next = ptr1 # For the first node
 
    head_ref = ptr1
    return head_ref
 
# Function to print nodes in a given
# circular linked list
def printList( head):
 
    temp = head
    if (head != None) :
        while(True) :
            print( temp.data, end = " ")
            temp = temp.next
            if (temp == head):
                break
    print()
 
# Function to delete a given node from the list
def deleteNode( head, key) :
 
    # If linked list is empty
    if (head == None):
        return
         
    # If the list contains only a single node
    if((head).data == key and (head).next == head):
     
        head = None
     
    last = head
    d = None
     
    # If head is to be deleted
    if((head).data == key) :
         
        # Find the last node of the list
        while(last.next != head):
            last = last.next
             
        # Point last node to the next of head i.e.
        # the second node of the list
        last.next = (head).next
        head = last.next
     
    # Either the node to be deleted is not found
    # or the end of list is not reached
    while(last.next != head and last.next.data != key) :
        last = last.next
 
    # If node to be deleted was found
    if(last.next.data == key) :
        d = last.next
        last.next = d.next
     
    else:
        print("no such keyfound")
     
    return head
 
# Driver code
 
# Initialize lists as empty
head = None
 
# Created linked list will be 2.5.7.8.10
head = push(head, 2)
head = push(head, 5)
head = push(head, 7)
head = push(head, 8)
head = push(head, 10)
 
print("List Before Deletion: ")
printList(head)
 
head = deleteNode(head, 7)
 
print( "List After Deletion: ")
printList(head)
 
# This code is contributed by Arnab Kundu

C#




// C# program to delete a given key from
// linked list.
using System;
 
class GFG {
 
    /* structure for a node */
    public class Node {
        public int data;
        public Node next;
    };
 
    /* Function to insert a node at the beginning of
a Circular linked list */
    static Node push(Node head_ref, int data)
    {
        // Create a new node and make head as next
        // of it.
        Node ptr1 = new Node();
        ptr1.data = data;
        ptr1.next = head_ref;
 
        /* If linked list is not null then set the
         next of last node */
        if (head_ref != null)
        {
            // Find the node before head and update
            // next of it.
            Node temp = head_ref;
            while (temp.next != head_ref)
                temp = temp.next;
            temp.next = ptr1;
        }
        else
            ptr1.next = ptr1; /*For the first node */
 
        head_ref = ptr1;
        return head_ref;
    }
 
    /* Function to print nodes in a given
       circular linked list */
    static void printList(Node head)
    {
        Node temp = head;
        if (head != null)
        {
            do
            {
                Console.Write("{0} ", temp.data);
                temp = temp.next;
            } while (temp != head);
        }
 
        Console.Write("\n");
    }
 
    /* Function to delete a given node from the list */
    static Node deleteNode(Node head, int key)
    {
        if (head == null)
            return null;
 
        // Find the required node
        Node curr = head, prev = new Node();
        while (curr.data != key)
        {
            if (curr.next == head)
            {
                Console.Write("\nGiven node is not found"
                              + " in the list!!!");
                break;
            }
 
            prev = curr;
            curr = curr.next;
        }
 
        // Check if node is only node
        if (curr.next == head && curr == head)
        {
            head = null;
            return head;
        }
 
        // If more than one node, check if
        // it is first node
        if (curr == head)
        {
            prev = head;
            while (prev.next != head)
                prev = prev.next;
            head = curr.next;
            prev.next = head;
        }
 
        // check if node is last node
        else if (curr.next == head)
        {
            prev.next = head;
        }
        else
        {
            prev.next = curr.next;
        }
        return head;
    }
 
    /* Driver code */
    public static void Main(String[] args)
    {
        /* Initialize lists as empty */
        Node head = null;
 
        /* Created linked list will be 2.5.7.8.10 */
        head = push(head, 2);
        head = push(head, 5);
        head = push(head, 7);
        head = push(head, 8);
        head = push(head, 10);
 
        Console.Write("List Before Deletion: ");
        printList(head);
 
        head = deleteNode(head, 7);
 
        Console.Write("List After Deletion: ");
        printList(head);
    }
}
 
// This code has been contributed by 29AjayKumar

Javascript




<script>
// javascript program to delete a given key from
// linked list.    /* ure for a node */
class Node {
    constructor() {
        this.data = 0;
        this.next = null;
    }
}
    /*
     * Function to insert a node at the beginning of a Circular linked list
     */
    function push(head_ref , data) {
        // Create a new node and make head as next
        // of it.
        var ptr1 = new Node();
        ptr1.data = data;
        ptr1.next = head_ref;
 
        /*
         * If linked list is not null then set the next of last node
         */
        if (head_ref != null) {
            // Find the node before head and update
            // next of it.
            var temp = head_ref;
            while (temp.next != head_ref)
                temp = temp.next;
            temp.next = ptr1;
        } else
            ptr1.next = ptr1; /* For the first node */
 
        head_ref = ptr1;
        return head_ref;
    }
 
    /*
     * Function to print nodes in a given circular linked list
     */
    function printList(head) {
    var temp = head;
        if (head != null) {
            do {
                document.write( temp.data+" ");
                temp = temp.next;
            } while (temp != head);
        }
 
        document.write("<br/>");
    }
 
    /* Function to delete a given node from the list */
    function deleteNode(head , key) {
        if (head == null)
            return null;
 
        // Find the required node
        var curr = head, prev = new Node();
        while (curr.data != key) {
            if (curr.next == head) {
                document.write("<br/>Given node is not found" + " in the list!!!");
                break;
            }
 
            prev = curr;
            curr = curr.next;
        }
 
        // Check if node is only node
        if (curr == head && curr.next == head) {
            head = null;
            return head;
        }
 
        // If more than one node, check if
        // it is first node
        if (curr == head) {
            prev = head;
            while (prev.next != head)
                prev = prev.next;
            head = curr.next;
            prev.next = head;
        }
 
        // check if node is last node
        else if (curr.next == head) {
            prev.next = head;
        } else {
            prev.next = curr.next;
        }
        return head;
    }
 
        /* Driver code */
     
        /* Initialize lists as empty */
        var head = null;
 
        /* Created linked list will be 2.5.7.8.10 */
        head = push(head, 2);
        head = push(head, 5);
        head = push(head, 7);
        head = push(head, 8);
        head = push(head, 10);
 
        document.write("List Before Deletion: ");
        printList(head);
 
        head = deleteNode(head, 7);
 
        document.write("List After Deletion: ");
        printList(head);
 
// This code contributed by umadevi9616
</script>
Output
List Before Deletion: 10 8 7 5 2 
List After Deletion: 10 8 5 2 

This article is contributed by Harsh Agarwal. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using write.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to review-team@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

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