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# Data Manipulation Instructions in Computer Organization

• Difficulty Level : Medium
• Last Updated : 05 Jan, 2021

Data Manipulation Instructions :
Data manipulation instructions perform operations on data and provide the computational capabilities for the computer. The data manipulation instructions in a typical computer usually divided into three basic types as follows.

1. Arithmetic instructions
2. Logical and bit manipulation instructions
3. Shift instructions

Let’s discuss one by one.

1. Arithmetic instructions :
The four basic arithmetic operations are addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Most computers provide instructions for all four operations.

Typical Arithmetic Instructions –

2. Logical and Bit Manipulation Instructions :
Logical instructions perform binary operations on strings of bits stored in registers. They are useful for manipulating individual bits or a group of bits.

Typical Logical and Bit Manipulation Instructions –

3. Shift Instructions :
Shifts are operations in which the bits of a word are moved to the left or right. Shift instructions may specify either logical shifts, arithmetic shifts, or rotate-type operations.

Typical Shift Instructions –

For Shift Instructions, refer to this Reference for Shift Instructions

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