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Create a new string by alternately combining the characters of two halves of the string in reverse

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Given a string s, create a new string such that it contains the characters of the two halves of the string s combined alternately in reverse order. 

Examples: 

Input : s = carbohydrates
Output : hsoebtraarcdy

Input : s = sunshine
Output : sennuish

Explanation: 

Example 1: Two halves of the string carbohydrate are carboh and ydrates. As they needed to be added in reverse alternately, start with h from first half then s from second half followed by o from first half, e from second half and so on. The string p comes out to be hsoebtraarcdy. If one of the string is completely finished then simply add the remaining characters of the other string in reverse order. 

Example 2: The two halves of the string are suns and hine. String sennuish is the desired string p.

Algorithm:

  • Define a method named “solve” of void return type which takes string “s” as an input parameter.
  •  Create three int variables named “l”, “x”, and “y” and initialize them with a length of the string, half the length of the string,              and the length of the string respectively.
  • Define an empty string variable “p” to store the final output string.
  •  Start a while loop, and iterate until variable “x” is greater than 0 and variable “y” is greater than l/2.
    • get the character at index (x-1) and add it to string “p”. Then, decrement the value of “x”.
    •  Again, get the character at index (y-1) and add it to string “p”. Then, decrement the value of “y”.
  •  If “y” is greater than l/2, then get the character at index (y-1) and add it to string “p”.
  •  Then, decrement the value of “y”.
  • Finally, print the string “p”.
     

Implementation:

C++

// C++ program for creating a string
// by alternately combining the
// characters of two halves
// in reverse
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function performing calculations
void solve(string s)
{
    int l = s.length();
    int x = l / 2;
    int y = l;
     
    // Calculating the two halves
    // of string s as first and
    // second. The final string p
    string p = "";
    while (x > 0 && y > l / 2) {
         
        // It joins the characters to
        // final string in reverse order
        p += s[x - 1];
        x--;
         
        // It joins the characters to
        // final string in reverse order
        p += s[y - 1];
        y--;
    }
     
    if (y > l / 2) {
        p += s[y - 1];
        y--;
    }
     
    cout << p;
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    string s = "sunshine";
     
    // Calling function
    solve(s);
    return 0;
}

                    

Java

// Java program for creating a string
// by alternately combining the
// characters of two halves
// in reverse
import java.io.*;
 
class GFG {
 
    // Function performing calculations
    public static void solve(String s)
    {
        int l = s.length();
        int x = l / 2;
        int y = l;
 
        // Calculating the two halves of
        // string s as first and second
        // The final string p
        String p = "";
        while (x > 0 && y > l / 2) {
 
            // It joins the characters to
            // final string in reverse order
            char ch = s.charAt(x - 1);
            p += ch;
            x--;
 
            // It joins the characters to
            // final string in reverse order
            ch = s.charAt(y - 1);
            p += ch;
            y--;
        }
 
        if (y > l / 2) {
            char ch = s.charAt(y - 1);
            p += ch;
            y--;
        }
        System.out.println(p);
    }
 
    // Driver method
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        String s = "sunshine";
 
        // Calling function
        solve(s);
    }
}

                    

Python3

# Python 3 program for creating a string
# by alternately combining the
# characters of two halves
# in reverse
 
# Function performing calculations
def solve(s) :
    l = len(s)
    x = l // 2
    y = l
      
    # Calculating the two halves
    # of string s as first and
    # second. The final string p
    p = ""
    while (x > 0 and y > l / 2) :
 
        # It joins the characters to
        # final string in reverse order
        p =  p + s[x - 1]
        x = x - 1
          
        # It joins the characters to
        # final string in reverse order
        p = p + s[y - 1]
        y = y - 1
     
      
    if (y > l // 2) :
        p = p + s[y - 1]
        y = y - 1
     
    print (p)
 
# Driver code
s = "sunshine"
 
# Calling function
solve(s)
 
 
# This code is contributed by Nikita Tiwari

                    

C#

// C# program for creating a string
// by alternately combining the
// characters of two halves
// in reverse
using System;
 
class GFG {
     
    // Function performing calculations
    public static void solve(string s)
    {
        int l = s.Length;
        int x = l / 2;
        int y = l;
     
        // Calculating the two halves of
        // string s as first and second
        // The final string p
        string p = "";
        while (x > 0 && y > l / 2) {
         
            // It joins the characters to
            // final string in reverse order
            char ch = s[x - 1];
            p += ch;
            x--;
             
            // It joins the characters to
            // final string in reverse order
            ch = s[y - 1];
            p += ch;
            y--;
        }
         
        if (y > l / 2)
        {
            char ch = s[x - 1];
            p += ch;
            y--;
        }
        Console.WriteLine(p);
    }
     
    // Driver method
    public static void Main()
    {
        string s = "sunshine";
         
        // Calling function
        solve(s);
    }
}
// This code is contributed by vt_m.

                    

PHP

<?php
// Python 3 program for creating a string
// by alternately combining the
// characters of two halves in reverse
 
// Function performing calculations
function solve($s)
{
    $l = strlen($s);
    $x = $l / 2;
    $y = $l;
     
    // Calculating the two halves
    // of string s as first and
    // second. The final string p
    $p = "";
    while ($x > 0 && $y > $l / 2)
    {
         
        // It joins the characters to
        // final string in reverse order
        $p = $p.$s[$x - 1];
        $x--;
         
        // It joins the characters to
        // final string in reverse order
        $p = $p.$s[$y - 1];
        $y--;
    }
     
    if ($y > $l / 2)
    {
        $p = $p.$s[$y - 1];
        $y--;
    }
     
    echo $p;
}
 
// Driver code
$s = "sunshine";
     
// Calling function
solve($s);
 
// This code is contributed
// by ChitraNayal
?>

                    

Javascript

<script>
 
// JavaScript program for creating a string
// by alternately combining the
// characters of two halves
// in reverse
 
    // Function performing calculations
    function solve( s) {
        var l = s.length;
        var x = l / 2;
        var y = l;
 
        // Calculating the two halves of
        // string s as first and second
        // The final string p
        var p = "";
        while (x > 0 && y > l / 2) {
 
            // It joins the characters to
            // final string in reverse order
            var ch = s.charAt(x - 1);
            p += ch;
            x--;
 
            // It joins the characters to
            // final string in reverse order
            ch = s.charAt(y - 1);
            p += ch;
            y--;
        }
 
        if (y > l / 2) {
            var ch = s.charAt(x - 1);
            p += ch;
            y--;
        }
        document.write(p);
    }
 
    // Driver method
     
        var s = "sunshine";
 
        // Calling function
        solve(s);
 
 
// This code is contributed by todaysgaurav
 
</script>

                    

Output
sennuish

Time complexity: O(n) where n is the length of the string
Auxiliary Space: O(n)



Last Updated : 08 Mar, 2023
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