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Check if both halves of the string have same set of characters in Python

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Given a string of lowercase characters only, the task is to check if it is possible to split a string from middle which will gives two halves having the same characters and same frequency of each character. If the length of the given string is ODD then ignore the middle element and check for the rest. Examples:

Input : abbaab
Output : NO
The two halves contain the same characters
but their frequencies do not match so they
are NOT CORRECT

Input : abccab
Output : YES

This problem has existing solution, please refer Check if both halves of the string have same set of characters link. We will solve this problem in Python quickly using Dictionary comparison. Approach is very simple :

  1. Break string in two parts and convert both parts into dictionary using Counter(iterator) method, each dictionary contains it’s character as key and frequency as value.
  2. Now compare these two dictionaries. In python we can compare two using == operator, it first checks keys of both dictionaries are same or not, then it checks for values of each key. If everything is equal that means two dictionaries are identical.

Implementation:

Python3

# Function to Check if both halves of
# the string have same set of characters
from collections import Counter
 
def checkTwoHalves(input):
     
    length = len(input)
     
    # Break input string in two parts
    if (length % 2 != 0):
        first = input[0:length // 2]
        second = input[(length // 2) + 1:]
    else:
        first = input[0:length // 2]
        second = input[length // 2:]
 
    # Convert both halves into dictionary and compare
    if Counter(first) == Counter(second):
        print ('YES')
    else:
        print ('NO')
 
# Driver program
if __name__ == "__main__":
    input = 'abbaab'
    checkTwoHalves(input)

                    

Output
NO

Time Complexity: O(n)
Auxiliary Space: O(n)

Approach#2: using sorted()

This approach checks if both halves of a given string have the same set of characters. It first checks if the length of the string is odd, in which case the answer is “NO”. Otherwise, it sorts the left and right halves of the string and checks if they are equal. If they are, the answer is “YES”, otherwise it is “NO”.

Algorithm

1. Divide the input string into two halves, left and right.
2. If the length of the string is odd, return “NO” because it is not possible to divide the string into two halves of equal length.
3. Sort both halves and compare them.

Python3

def same_set_of_chars(s):
    n = len(s)
    if n % 2 == 1:
        return "NO"
    left = sorted(s[:n//2])
    right = sorted(s[n//2:])
    return "YES" if left == right else "NO"
 
# Example usage
s = "abccab"
print(same_set_of_chars(s)) # Output: YES

                    

Output
YES

Time Complexity: O(n log n), where n is the length of the input string.
Space Complexity: O(n), where n is the length of the input string.



Last Updated : 10 Apr, 2023
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