# C++ Program to Check if all rows of a matrix are circular rotations of each other

• Last Updated : 06 Jan, 2022

Given a matrix of n*n size, the task is to find whether all rows are circular rotations of each other or not.

Examples:

```Input: mat[][] = 1, 2, 3
3, 1, 2
2, 3, 1
Output:  Yes
All rows are rotated permutation
of each other.

Input: mat = 1, 2, 3
3, 2, 1
1, 3, 2
Output:  No
Explanation : As 3, 2, 1 is not a rotated or
circular permutation of 1, 2, 3```

The idea is based on below article.
A Program to check if strings are rotations of each other or not

Steps :

1. Create a string of first row elements and concatenate the string with itself so that string search operations can be efficiently performed. Let this string be str_cat.
2. Traverse all remaining rows. For every row being traversed, create a string str_curr of current row elements. If str_curr is not a substring of str_cat, return false.
3. Return true.

Below is the implementation of above steps.

## C++

 `// C++ program to check if all rows of a matrix``// are rotations of each other``#include ``using` `namespace` `std;``const` `int` `MAX = 1000;`` ` `// Returns true if all rows of mat[0..n-1][0..n-1]``// are rotations of each other.``bool` `isPermutedMatrix( ``int` `mat[MAX][MAX], ``int` `n)``{``    ``// Creating a string that contains elements of first``    ``// row.``    ``string str_cat = ``""``;``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0 ; i < n ; i++)``        ``str_cat = str_cat + ``"-"` `+ to_string(mat[i]);`` ` `    ``// Concatenating the string with itself so that``    ``// substring search operations can be performed on``    ``// this``    ``str_cat = str_cat + str_cat;`` ` `    ``// Start traversing remaining rows``    ``for` `(``int` `i=1; i

Output:

`Yes`

Please refer complete article on Check if all rows of a matrix are circular rotations of each other for more details!

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