Count of ungrouped characters after dividing a string into K groups of distinct characters

Given a lower alphabetic string “S” of size N, and an integer K; the task is to find the count of characters that will remain ungrouped, after dividing the given string into K groups of distinct characters.

Examples:

Input: S = “stayinghomesaveslife”, K = 1
Output: 6
Explanation:
In the string S the elements whose occurence is more than one time are ‘e’ -> 3 times, ‘s’ -> 3 times, ‘a’ -> 2 times, ‘i’ -> 2 times and rest all elements occurs 1 time each.
There is only one group to be formed as K = 1 so only one copy of these elements can be present in the group and rest all elements cannot be in the group,
So the elements which are left out of the group are 2-times ‘e’, 2-times ‘s’, 1-time ‘a’ and 1-time ‘i’.
Total elements left out are 6.

Input: S = “stayinghomesaveslife”, K = 2
Output: 2
Explanation:
In the string S the elements whose occurence is more than one time are ‘e’ -> 3 times, ‘s’ -> 3 times, ‘a’ -> 2 times, ‘i’ -> 2 times and rest all elements occurs 1 time each.
Since 2 groups can be formed, one group contains 1 copy of all the elements. The second group will contain 1 copy of the extra elements i.e. ‘e’, ‘s’, ‘a’ and ‘i’. The elements that will be left out are 1-time ‘e’ and 1-time ‘s’.
Total elements that will be left out are 2.

Approach: The idea is to use frequency-counting.



  1. Create a Hashing data structure, to store the frequency of characters ‘a’-‘z’.
  2. Find the initial frequency of each character in the given string and store it in the hashing data structure.
  3. Since a group can contain only 1 occurrence of a character. Therefore, decrement K from each character’s occurrence in the hashing data structure.
  4. Now add the the remaining frequencies of the characters in the hashing data structure. This will be the required number of characters that will remain ungrouped.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++

filter_none

edit
close

play_arrow

link
brightness_4
code

// C++ code to implement the above approach
  
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
void findUngroupedElement(string s,
                          int k)
{
  
    int n = s.length();
  
    // create array where
    // index represents alphabets
    int b[26];
  
    for (int i = 0; i < 26; i++)
        b[i] = 0;
  
    // fill count of every
    // alphabet to corresponding
    // array index
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        char p = s.at(i);
        b[p - 'a'] += 1;
    }
  
    int sum = 0;
  
    // count for every element
    // how much is exceeding
    // from no. of groups then
    // sum them
    for (int i = 0; i < 26; i++) {
        if (b[i] > k)
            sum += b[i] - k;
    }
  
    // print answer
    cout << sum << endl;
}
  
// Driver code
int main()
{
    string s = "stayinghomesaveslife";
    int k = 1;
  
    findUngroupedElement(s, k);
  
    return 0;
}

chevron_right


Java

filter_none

edit
close

play_arrow

link
brightness_4
code

// Java code to implement the above approach
import java.util.*;
  
class GFG{
  
static void findUngroupedElement(String s,
                                 int k)
{
    int n = s.length();
  
    // Create array where
    // index represents alphabets
    int []b = new int[26];
  
    for(int i = 0; i < 26; i++)
        b[i] = 0;
  
    // Fill count of every
    // alphabet to corresponding
    // array index
    for(int i = 0; i < n; i++) 
    {
        char p = s.charAt(i);
        b[p - 'a'] += 1;
    }
  
    int sum = 0;
  
    // Count for every element
    // how much is exceeding
    // from no. of groups then
    // sum them
    for(int i = 0; i < 26; i++)
    {
        if (b[i] > k)
            sum += b[i] - k;
    }
  
    // Print answer
    System.out.println(sum);
}
  
// Driver code
public static void main(String srgs[])
{
    String s = "stayinghomesaveslife";
    int k = 1;
  
    findUngroupedElement(s, k);
}
}
  
// This code is contributed by ANKITKUMAR34

chevron_right


Python3

filter_none

edit
close

play_arrow

link
brightness_4
code

# Python3 code to implement the above approach
def findUngroupedElement(s, k):
  
    n = len(s);
  
    # Create array where
    # index represents alphabets
    b = [0] * 26
  
    # Fill count of every
    # alphabet to corresponding
    # array index
    for i in range(n):
        p = s[i]
        b[ord(p) - ord('a')] += 1
  
    sum = 0;
  
    # Count for every element
    # how much is exceeding
    # from no. of groups then
    # sum them
    for i in range(26):
        if (b[i] > k):
            sum += b[i] - k
  
    # Print answer
    print(sum)
  
# Driver code
s = "stayinghomesaveslife"
k = 1
  
findUngroupedElement(s, k)
  
# This code is contributed by ANKITKUMAR34

chevron_right


Output:

6


Time Complexity: O(N)
Auxillary Space complexity: O(26) which is equivalent to O(1)

Attention reader! Don’t stop learning now. Get hold of all the important DSA concepts with the DSA Self Paced Course at a student-friendly price and become industry ready.




My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up

Check out this Author's contributed articles.

If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

Please Improve this article if you find anything incorrect by clicking on the "Improve Article" button below.



Improved By : ANKITKUMAR34