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Count numbers up to C that can be reduced to 0 by adding or subtracting A or B
  • Last Updated : 22 Apr, 2021

Given three non-negative integers A, B, and C, the task is to count the numbers in the range [1, C] that can be reduced to 0 by adding or subtracting A or B.

Examples:

Input: A = 2, B = 4, C = 7
Output: 3
Explanation: The numbers from the range [1, 7] that can be reduced to 0 by given operations are:

  1. For element 2: The number can be modified as 2 – 2 = 0.
  2. For element 4: The number can be modified as 4 – 2 – 2 = 0.
  3. For element 6: The number can be modified as 6 – 4 – 2 = 0.

Therefore, the total count is 3.

Input: A = 2, B = 3, C = 5
Output: 5



Approach: The given problem can be solved based on the following observations:

  • Consider X and Y number of addition or subtraction of A and B are performed respectively.
  • After applying the operations on any number N, it becomes Ax + By. Therefore, by Extended Euclidean Algorithm, it can be said that there exist integer coefficients x and y such that Ax + By = GCD(A, B).
  • Therefore, N must be a multiple of GCD(A, B), say G. Now the problem is reduced to finding the number of multiples of G which are in the range [1, C] which is floor (C / G).

Follow the below steps to solve the problem:

  • Find the GCD of A and B and store it in a variable, say G.
  • Now, the count of numbers over the range [1, C] is the multiples of G having values at most C which is given by floor(C/G).

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++




// C++ program for the above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to calculate GCD of the
// two numbers a and b
long long gcd(long long a, long long b)
{
    // Base Case
    if (b == 0)
        return a;
 
    // Recursively find the GCD
    return gcd(b, a % b);
}
 
// Function to count the numbers up
// to C that can be reduced to 0 by
// adding or subtracting A or B
void countDistinctNumbers(long long A,
                          long long B,
                          long long C)
{
    // Stores GCD of A and B
    long long g = gcd(A, B);
 
    // Stores the count of multiples
    // of g in the range (0, C]
    long long count = C / g;
 
    // Print the result
    cout << count;
}
 
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    long long A = 2, B = 3, C = 5;
    countDistinctNumbers(A, B, C);
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program for the above approach
class GFG{
 
// Function to calculate GCD of the
// two numbers a and b
static long gcd(long a, long b)
{
     
    // Base Case
    if (b == 0)
        return a;
 
    // Recursively find the GCD
    return gcd(b, a % b);
}
 
// Function to count the numbers up
// to C that can be reduced to 0 by
// adding or subtracting A or B
static void countDistinctNumbers(long A, long B,
                                 long C)
{
     
    // Stores GCD of A and B
    long g = gcd(A, B);
 
    // Stores the count of multiples
    // of g in the range (0, C]
    long count = C / g;
 
    // Print the result
    System.out.println(count);
}
 
// Driver Code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
    long A = 2, B = 3, C = 5;
     
    countDistinctNumbers(A, B, C);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by abhinavjain194

Python3




# Python3 program for the above approach
 
# Function to calculate GCD of the
# two numbers a and b
def gcd(a, b):
     
    # Base Case
    if (b == 0):
        return a
         
    # Recursively find the GCD
    return gcd(b, a % b)
 
# Function to count the numbers up
# to C that can be reduced to 0 by
# adding or subtracting A or B
def countDistinctNumbers(A, B, C):
     
    # Stores GCD of A and B
    g = gcd(A, B)
     
    # Stores the count of multiples
    # of g in the range (0, C]
    count = C // g
  
    # Print the result
    print(count)
 
# Driver code
A = 2
B = 3
C = 5
 
countDistinctNumbers(A, B, C)
 
# This code is contributed by abhinavjain194

C#




// C# program for the above approach
using System;
 
class GFG{
     
// Function to calculate GCD of the
// two numbers a and b
static long gcd(long a, long b)
{
     
    // Base Case
    if (b == 0)
        return a;
 
    // Recursively find the GCD
    return gcd(b, a % b);
}
 
// Function to count the numbers up
// to C that can be reduced to 0 by
// adding or subtracting A or B
static void countDistinctNumbers(long A, long B,
                                 long C)
{
     
    // Stores GCD of A and B
    long g = gcd(A, B);
 
    // Stores the count of multiples
    // of g in the range (0, C]
    long count = C / g;
 
    // Print the result
    Console.Write(count);
}
 
// Driver Code
static void Main()
{
    long A = 2, B = 3, C = 5;
    countDistinctNumbers(A, B, C);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by abhinavjain194

Javascript




<script>
 
// Javascript program for the above approach
 
// Function to calculate GCD of the
// two numbers a and b
function gcd(a, b)
{
    // Base Case
    if (b == 0)
        return a;
 
    // Recursively find the GCD
    return gcd(b, a % b);
}
 
// Function to count the numbers up
// to C that can be reduced to 0 by
// adding or subtracting A or B
function countDistinctNumbers(A, B, C)
{
    // Stores GCD of A and B
    var g = gcd(A, B);
 
    // Stores the count of multiples
    // of g in the range (0, C]
    var count = C / g;
 
    // Print the result
    document.write(count);
}
 
// Driver Code
    var A = 2, B = 3, C = 5;
    countDistinctNumbers(A, B, C);
 
// This code is contributed by ipg2016107.
</script>
Output: 
5

 

Time Complexity: O(log(min(A, B))) 
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

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