Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Count new pairs of strings that can be obtained by swapping first characters of pairs of strings from given array
  • Last Updated : 27 Apr, 2021

Given an array arr[] consisting of N strings, the task is to find the pair of strings that is not present in the array formed by any pairs (arr[i], arr[j]) by swapping the first characters of the strings arr[i] and arr[j].

Examples:

Input: arr[] = {“good”, “bad”, “food”}
Output: 2
Explanation:
The possible pairs that can be formed by swapping the first characters of any pair are:

  1. (“good”, “bad”): Swapping the characters ‘g’ and ‘b’, modifies the strings to “bood” and gad which is not present in the array.
  2. (“bad”, “food”): Swapping the characters ‘g’ and ‘b’, modifies the strings to “bood” and gad which is not present in the array.

Therefore, the total count is 2.

Input: arr[] = {“geek”, “peek”}
Output: 0



Naive Approach: The simplest approach to solve the given problem is to generate all the pairs of strings and for each pair swap the first characters of both the strings and if both the strings are present in the array then count this pair. After checking for all the pairs, print the value of the count obtained.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++




// C++ program for the above approach
 
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to count new pairs of strings
// that can be obtained by swapping first
// characters of any pair of strings
void countStringPairs(string a[], int n)
{
 
    // Stores the count of pairs
    int ans = 0;
 
    // Generate all possible pairs of
    // strings from the array arr[]
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        for (int j = i + 1; j < n; j++) {
 
            // Stores the current
            // pair of strings
            string p = a[i], q = a[j];
 
            // Swap the first characters
            if (p[0] != q[0]) {
 
                swap(p[0], q[0]);
                int flag1 = 0;
                int flag2 = 0;
 
                // Check if they are already
                // present in the array or not
                for (int k = 0; k < n; k++) {
 
                    if (a[k] == p) {
                        flag1 = 1;
                    }
                    if (a[k] == q) {
                        flag2 = 1;
                    }
                }
 
                // If both the strings
                // are not present
                if (flag1 == 0 && flag2 == 0) {
 
                    // Increment the ans
                    // by 1
                    ans = ans + 1;
                }
            }
        }
    }
 
    // Print the resultant count
    cout << ans;
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    string arr[] = { "good", "bad", "food" };
    int N = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
    countStringPairs(arr, N);
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program for the above approach
import java.io.*;
import java.lang.*;
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG{
 
// Function to count new pairs of strings
// that can be obtained by swapping first
// characters of any pair of strings
static void countStringPairs(String a[], int n)
{
     
    // Stores the count of pairs
    int ans = 0;
 
    // Generate all possible pairs of
    // strings from the array arr[]
    for(int i = 0; i < n; i++)
    {
        for(int j = i + 1; j < n; j++)
        {
             
            // Stores the current
            // pair of strings
            char p[] = a[i].toCharArray();
            char q[] = a[j].toCharArray();
 
            // Swap the first characters
            if (p[0] != q[0])
            {
                char temp = p[0];
                p[0] = q[0];
                q[0] = temp;
                int flag1 = 0;
                int flag2 = 0;
 
                // Check if they are already
                // present in the array or not
                for(int k = 0; k < n; k++)
                {
                    if (a[k].equals(new String(p)))
                    {
                        flag1 = 1;
                    }
                    if (a[k].equals(new String(q)))
                    {
                        flag2 = 1;
                    }
                }
 
                // If both the strings
                // are not present
                if (flag1 == 0 && flag2 == 0)
                {
 
                    // Increment the ans
                    // by 1
                    ans = ans + 1;
                }
            }
        }
    }
 
    // Print the resultant count
    System.out.println(ans);
}
 
// Driver Code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
    String arr[] = { "good", "bad", "food" };
    int N = arr.length;
     
    countStringPairs(arr, N);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by Kingash

Python3




# python 3 program for the above approach
 
# Function to count new pairs of strings
# that can be obtained by swapping first
# characters of any pair of strings
def countStringPairs(a, n):
   
    # Stores the count of pairs
    ans = 0
 
    # Generate all possible pairs of
    # strings from the array arr[]
    for i in range(n):
        for j in range(i + 1, n, 1):
           
            # Stores the current
            # pair of strings
            p = a[i]
            q = a[j]
 
            # Swap the first characters
            if (p[0] != q[0]):
                p = list(p)
                q = list(q)
                temp = p[0]
                p[0] = q[0]
                q[0] = temp
 
                p = ''.join(p)
                q = ''.join(q)
                flag1 = 0
                flag2 = 0
 
                # Check if they are already
                # present in the array or not
                for k in range(n):
                    if (a[k] == p):
                        flag1 = 1
                    if (a[k] == q):
                        flag2 = 1
 
                # If both the strings
                # are not present
                if (flag1 == 0 and flag2 == 0):
                   
                    # Increment the ans
                    # by 1
                    ans = ans + 1
 
    # Print the resultant count
    print(ans)
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == '__main__':
    arr = ["good", "bad", "food"]
    N = len(arr)
    countStringPairs(arr, N)
 
    # This code is contributed by SURENDRA_GANGWAR.

C#




// C # program for the above approach
using System;
class GFG {
 
    // Function to count new pairs of strings
    // that can be obtained by swapping first
    // characters of any pair of strings
    static void countStringPairs(string[] a, int n)
    {
 
        // Stores the count of pairs
        int ans = 0;
 
        // Generate all possible pairs of
        // strings from the array arr[]
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
            for (int j = i + 1; j < n; j++) {
 
                // Stores the current
                // pair of strings
                char[] p = a[i].ToCharArray();
                char[] q = a[j].ToCharArray();
 
                // Swap the first characters
                if (p[0] != q[0]) {
                    char temp = p[0];
                    p[0] = q[0];
                    q[0] = temp;
                    int flag1 = 0;
                    int flag2 = 0;
 
                    // Check if they are already
                    // present in the array or not
                    for (int k = 0; k < n; k++) {
                        if (a[k].Equals(new string(p))) {
                            flag1 = 1;
                        }
                        if (a[k].Equals(new string(q))) {
                            flag2 = 1;
                        }
                    }
 
                    // If both the strings
                    // are not present
                    if (flag1 == 0 && flag2 == 0) {
 
                        // Increment the ans
                        // by 1
                        ans = ans + 1;
                    }
                }
            }
        }
 
        // Print the resultant count
        Console.WriteLine(ans);
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        string[] arr = { "good", "bad", "food" };
        int N = arr.Length;
 
        countStringPairs(arr, N);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by ukasp.
Output: 
2

 

Time Complexity: O(N3
Auxiliary Space: O(M), where M is the largest size of the string present in the array, A[]

Efficient Approach: The above approach can also be optimized by using the concept of Hashing. Follow the steps below to solve the problem:

  • Initialize a variable, say ans as 0 to store the possible count of pairs of strings.
  • Initialize a HashMap, say M to store all the strings present in the array arr[].
  • Traverse the array, arr[] and increment the occurrence of arr[i] in M.
  • Iterate in the range [0, N – 1] using the variable i and perform the following steps:
  • After completing the above steps, print the value of ans as the result.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++




// C++ program for the above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to count newly created pairs
// by swapping the first characters of
// any pairs of strings
void countStringPairs(string a[], int n)
{
 
    // Stores the count all possible
    // pair of strings
    int ans = 0;
 
    // Push all the strings
    // into the Unordered Map
    unordered_map<string, int> s;
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        s[a[i]]++;
    }
 
    // Generate all possible pairs of
    // strings from the array arr[]
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        for (int j = i + 1; j < n; j++) {
 
            // Store the current
            // pair of strings
            string p = a[i];
            string q = a[j];
 
            // Swap the first character
            if (p[0] != q[0]) {
                swap(p[0], q[0]);
 
                // Check if both string
                // are not present in map
                if (s.find(p) == s.end()
                    && s.find(q) == s.end()) {
                    ans++;
                }
            }
        }
    }
 
    // Print the result
    cout << ans;
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    string arr[] = { "good", "bad", "food" };
    int N = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
    countStringPairs(arr, N);
 
    return 0;
}

Python3




# Python3 program for the above approach
 
# Function to count newly created pairs
# by swapping the first characters of
# any pairs of strings
def countStringPairs(a, n):
 
    # Stores the count all possible
    # pair of strings
    ans = 0
 
    # Push all the strings
    # into the Unordered Map
    s = {}
    for i in range(n):
        s[a[i]] = s.get(a[i], 0) + 1
 
    # Generate all possible pairs of
    # strings from the array arr[]
    for i in range(n):
        for j in range(i + 1, n):
             
            # Store the current
            # pair of strings
            p = [i for i in a[i]]
            q = [j for j in a[j]]
 
            # Swap the first character
            if (p[0] != q[0]):
                p[0], q[0] = q[0], p[0]
                 
                # Check if both string
                # are not present in map
                if (("".join(p) not in s) and
                    ("".join(q) not in s)):
                    ans += 1
                     
    # Print the result
    print (ans)
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == '__main__':
     
    arr = [ "good", "bad", "food" ]
    N = len(arr)
     
    countStringPairs(arr, N)
 
# This code is contributed by mohit kumar 29
Output: 
2

 

Time Complexity: O(N2)
Auxiliary Space: O(N)

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :