Collections unmodifiableList() method in Java with Examples

The unmodifiableList() method of java.util.Collections class is used to return an unmodifiable view of the specified list. This method allows modules to provide users with “read-only” access to internal lists. Query operations on the returned list “read through” to the specified list, and attempts to modify the returned list, whether direct or via its iterator, result in an UnsupportedOperationException.

The returned list will be serializable if the specified list is serializable. Similarly, the returned list will implement RandomAccess if the specified list does.

Syntax:

public static <T> ListT> 
    unmodifiableList(List<? extends T> list)

Parameters: This method takes the list as a parameter for which an unmodifiable view is to be returned.

Return Value: This method returns an unmodifiable view of the specified list.

Below are the examples to illustrate the unmodifiableList() method

Example 1:

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// Java program to demonstrate
// unmodifiableList() method
  
import java.util.*;
  
public class GFG1 {
    public static void main(String[] argv)
        throws Exception
    {
        try {
  
            // creating object of ArrayList<Character>
            List<Character> list = new ArrayList<Character>();
  
            // populate the list
            list.add('X');
            list.add('Y');
  
            // printing the list
            System.out.println("Initial list: " + list);
  
            // getting unmodifiable list
            // using unmodifiableList() method
            List<Character> immutablelist = Collections
                                                .unmodifiableList(list);
  
            // printing the list
            System.out.println("Unmodifiable list: "
                               + immutablelist);
        }
  
        catch (UnsupportedOperationException e) {
            System.out.println("Exception thrown : " + e);
        }
    }
}

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Output:

Initial list: [X, Y]
Unmodifiable list: [X, Y]

Example 2: For UnsupportedOperationException

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// Java program to demonstrate
// unmodifiableList() method
  
import java.util.*;
  
public class GFG1 {
    public static void main(String[] argv)
        throws Exception
    {
        try {
  
            // creating object of ArrayList<Character>
            List<Character> list = new ArrayList<Character>();
  
            // populate the list
            list.add('X');
            list.add('Y');
  
            // printing the list
            System.out.println("Initial list: " + list);
  
            // getting unmodifiable list
            // using unmodifiableList() method
            List<Character> immutablelist = Collections
                                                .unmodifiableList(list);
  
            // Adding element to new Collection
            System.out.println("\nTrying to modify"
                               + " the unmodifiablelist");
            immutablelist.add('Z');
        }
  
        catch (UnsupportedOperationException e) {
            System.out.println("Exception thrown : " + e);
        }
    }
}

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Output:

Initial list: [X, Y]

Trying to modify the unmodifiablelist
Exception thrown : java.lang.UnsupportedOperationException


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