Collections max() method in Java with Examples

max(Collection<? extends T> coll)

The max() method of java.util.Collections class is used to return the maximum element of the given collection, according to the natural ordering of its elements. All elements in the collection must implement the Comparable interface. Furthermore, all elements in the collection must be mutually comparable (that is, e1.compareTo(e2) must not throw a ClassCastException for any elements e1 and e2 in the collection).

This method iterates over the entire collection, hence it requires time proportional to the size of the collection.

Syntax:

public static <T extends Object & Comparable> T
  max(Collection coll)

Parameters: This method takes the collection coll as a parameter whose maximum element is to be determined.

Return Value: This method returns the maximum element of the given collection, according to the natural ordering of its elements.



Exception: This method throws following Exception:

  • ClassCastException – if the collection contains elements that are not mutually comparable (for example, strings and integers).
  • NoSuchElementException – if the collection is empty

Below are the examples to illustrate the max() method

Example 1:

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// Java program to demonstrate
// max() method for Integer value
  
import java.util.*;
  
public class GFG1 {
    public static void main(String[] argv)
        throws Exception
    {
  
        try {
  
            // creating object of LinkedList
            List<Integer> list = new LinkedList<Integer>();
  
            // Adding element to Vector v
            list.add(-1);
            list.add(4);
            list.add(-5);
            list.add(1);
  
            // prining the max value
            // using max() method
            System.out.println("Max value is: "
                               + Collections.max(list));
        }
  
        catch (ClassCastException e) {
            System.out.println("Exception thrown : " + e);
        }
  
        catch (NoSuchElementException e) {
            System.out.println("Exception thrown : " + e);
        }
    }
}

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Output:

Max value is: 4

Example 2: for ClassCastException

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// Java program to demonstrate
// max() method for ClassCastException
  
import java.util.*;
  
public class GFG1 {
    public static void main(String[] argv)
        throws Exception
    {
  
        try {
  
            // creating object of LinkedList
            List<String> list = new LinkedList<String>();
  
            // creating variable of object type
            Object i = Integer.valueOf(42);
  
            // Adding element to Vector v
            list.add("Hello");
            list.add((String)i);
  
            // prining the max value
            // using max() method
            System.out.println("Max value is: "
                               + Collections.max(list));
        }
  
        catch (ClassCastException e) {
            System.out.println("Exception thrown : " + e);
        }
  
        catch (NoSuchElementException e) {
            System.out.println("Exception thrown : " + e);
        }
    }
}

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Output:

Exception thrown : java.lang.ClassCastException: java.lang.Integer cannot be cast to java.lang.String

Example 3: for NoSuchElementException

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// Java program to demonstrate
// max() method for NoSuchElementException
  
import java.util.*;
  
public class GFG1 {
    public static void main(String[] argv)
        throws Exception
    {
  
        try {
  
            // creating object of LinkedList
            List<Integer> list = new LinkedList<Integer>();
  
            // prining the max value
            // using max() method
            System.out.println("Trying to get "
                               + "the max from empty list");
            System.out.println("Max value is: "
                               + Collections.max(list));
        }
  
        catch (ClassCastException e) {
            System.out.println("Exception thrown : " + e);
        }
  
        catch (NoSuchElementException e) {
            System.out.println("Exception thrown : " + e);
        }
    }
}

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Output:

Trying to get the max from empty list
Exception thrown : java.util.NoSuchElementException

public static T max(Collection<? extends T> coll, Comparator<? super T> comp)

The max() method of java.util.Collections class is used to return the maximum element of the given collection, according to the order induced by the specified comparator. All elements in the collection must be mutually comparable by the specified comparator (that is, comp.compare(e1, e2) must not throw a ClassCastException for any elements e1 and e2 in the collection).

This method iterates over the entire collection, hence it requires time proportional to the size of the collection.



Parameters: This method takes the following argument as a parameter

  • coll – the collection whose maximum element is to be determined.
  • comp – the comparator with which to determine the maximum element. A null value indicates that the elements’ natural ordering should be used.

Return Value: This method returns the maximum element of the given collection, according to the specified comparator.

Exception: This method throws following Exception:

  • ClassCastException – if the collection contains elements that are not mutually comparable (for example, strings and integers).
  • NoSuchElementException – if the collection is empty

Below are the examples to illustrate the max() method

Example 1:

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code

// Java program to demonstrate
// max() method for Integer value
  
import java.util.*;
  
public class GFG1 {
    public static void main(String[] argv)
        throws Exception
    {
  
        try {
  
            // creating object of LinkedList
            List<Integer> list = new LinkedList<Integer>();
  
            // Adding element to Vector v
            list.add(-1);
            list.add(4);
            list.add(-5);
            list.add(1);
  
            // prining the max value
            // using max() method
            System.out.println("Max val: "
                               + Collections.max(list,
                                                 Collections.reverseOrder()));
        }
  
        catch (ClassCastException e) {
            System.out.println("Exception thrown : " + e);
        }
  
        catch (NoSuchElementException e) {
            System.out.println("Exception thrown : " + e);
        }
    }
}

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Output:

Max val: -5

Example 2: for ClassCastException

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// Java program to demonstrate
// max() method for ClassCastException
  
import java.util.*;
  
public class GFG1 {
    public static void main(String[] argv)
        throws Exception
    {
  
        try {
  
            // creating object of LinkedList
            List<String> list = new LinkedList<String>();
  
            // creating variable of object type
            Object i = Integer.valueOf(42);
  
            // Adding element to Vector v
            list.add("Hello");
            list.add((String)i);
  
            // prining the max value
            // using max() method
            System.out.println("Max val: "
                               + Collections
                                     .max(list,
                                          Collections
                                              .reverseOrder()));
        }
  
        catch (ClassCastException e) {
            System.out.println("Exception thrown : " + e);
        }
  
        catch (NoSuchElementException e) {
            System.out.println("Exception thrown : " + e);
        }
    }
}

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Output:

Exception thrown : java.lang.ClassCastException: java.lang.Integer cannot be cast to java.lang.String

Example 3: for NoSuchElementException

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code

// Java program to demonstrate
// max() method for NoSuchElementException
  
import java.util.*;
  
public class GFG1 {
    public static void main(String[] argv)
        throws Exception
    {
  
        try {
  
            // creating object of LinkedList
            List<Integer> list = new LinkedList<Integer>();
  
            // prining the max value
            // using max() method
            System.out.println("Trying to get "
                               + "the max from empty list");
            System.out.println("Max val: "
                               + Collections
                                     .max(list,
                                          Collections
                                              .reverseOrder()));
        }
  
        catch (ClassCastException e) {
            System.out.println("Exception thrown : " + e);
        }
  
        catch (NoSuchElementException e) {
            System.out.println("Exception thrown : " + e);
        }
    }
}

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Output:

Trying to get the max from empty list
Exception thrown : java.util.NoSuchElementException


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