# Check if values in a vector are True or not in R Programming – all() and any() Function

In this article, we are going to check if the values in a vector are true or not in R Programming Language.

## R – all() function

all() function in R Language will check in a vector whether all the values are true or not.

Syntax: all(x, na.rm)

Parameters:

• x: vector
• na.rm: logical, if NA value to removed before result

Example 1: Basic example of all() function in r

## R

 # R program to illustrate# all function # Example vector

Output:

FALSE

Here in the above code, we have created an example vector and applied all() functions to it. Clearly, all the values are not less than zero, one value -4 is less than zero, so the answer is FALSE.

Example 2: Using na.rm argument

## R

 # R program to illustrate# all function with na.rm # Example vector with NA valuex2 <- c(1, 2, 3, -4, 5, NA) # Apply all function with na.rm = TRUEall(x2 < - 10, na.rm = TRUE)

Output:

TRUE

Here in the above code, we set the value of na.rm to TRUE. So the output is TRUE. As all of them are greater than -10 in the above code.

## R – any() function

any() function in R Programming language will check in vector whether any of the values is true.

Syntax: any(x, na.rm)

Parameters:

x: vector

na.rm: logical, if NA value to removed before result

Example 1: any() function

## R

 # R program to illustrate# any() function # Example vectorx1 <- c(1, 2, 3, - 4, 5, )                         # Apply any function in Rany(x1 < 0)

Output:

TRUE

Here in the above code, we have applied any() function. Since one value is “-4” (lesser than 0), so the answer is TRUE.

Example 2: Any function using na.rn argument

## R

 # R program to illustrate# any function with na.rm # Example vector with NA valuex2 <- c(1, 2, 3, -4, 5, NA) # Apply any function with na.rm = TRUEany(x2 < - 10, na.rm = TRUE)

Output:

FALSE

Here in the above code, we set the value of na.rm to TRUE. So the output is False. As all of them are lesser than -10 in the above code.

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