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Change an element class JavaScript
  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 14 Feb, 2019

The class name is used as a selector in HTML which helps to give some value to the element attributes. The document.getElementById() method is used to return the element in the document with the “id” attribute and the “className” attribute can be used to change/append the class of the element.

Syntax:

document.getElementById('myElement').className = "myclass";

Example 1: In this code change the class of the button from “default” to “changedClass” using the onclick event which in turn changes the background color of the button from RED to GREEN.




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
    <head>
        <title>Change an element class with javascript</title>
        <style type="text/css">
            .default{
                background-color: red;
            }
            .changedClass{
                background-color: green;
            }
            #myPara{
                margin-top: 20px;
            }
            #myButton{
                padding: 10px;
            }
            body {
                text-align:center;
            }
            h1 {
                color:green;
            }
        </style>
        <script type="text/javascript">
            function changeClass() {
                document.getElementById('myButton').className = "changedClass";
                var button_class = document.getElementById('myButton').className;
                document.getElementById('myPara').innerHTML = "New class name: " 
                + button_class;
            }
        </script>
    </head>
    <body>
        <h1>GeeksforGeeks</h1>
        <h2>Chenge class name of element</h2>
        <button class="default" onclick="changeClass()" 
                    id="myButton">Click Here!</button><br>
        <p id="myPara">Old class name: default</p>
    </body>
</html>                    

Output:
new class

Example 2 : In this code changed the class of the button from “default” to “newclass1” and “newclass2” using the onclick event.




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
    <head>
        <title>Change an element class with javascript</title>
        <style type="text/css">
            .default{
                background-color: red;
                padding:5px;
                border:1px solid black;
                border-radius:3px;
            }
            .newclass1 {
                color:white;
                font-size:16px;
                font-weight:bold;
                border:1px solid black;
            }
            .newclass2 {
                padding: 10px;
                background-color:green;
                border-radius:3px;
            }
                h1 {
                color:green;
            }
            body {
                text-align:center;
            }
        </style>
        <script type="text/javascript">
            function changeClass() {
                document.getElementById('myButton').className = "newclass1";
                document.getElementById('myButton').classList.add("newclass2");
                var button_class = document.getElementById('myButton').className;
                document.getElementById('myPara').innerHTML = "New class name: "
                + button_class;
            }
        </script>
    </head>
    <body>
        <h1>GeeksforGeeks</h1>
        <h2>Change class name of element</h2>
        <button class="default" onclick="changeClass()"
            id="myButton">Click Here!</button>
        <p id="myPara">Old class name: default</p>
    </body>
</html>                        

Output:
new class

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