Open In App
Related Articles

C Program For Removing Duplicates From A Sorted Linked List

Improve
Improve
Improve
Like Article
Like
Save Article
Save
Report issue
Report

Write a function that takes a list sorted in non-decreasing order and deletes any duplicate nodes from the list. The list should only be traversed once. 
For example if the linked list is 11->11->11->21->43->43->60 then removeDuplicates() should convert the list to 11->21->43->60. 

Algorithm: 
Traverse the list from the head (or start) node. While traversing, compare each node with its next node. If the data of the next node is the same as the current node then delete the next node. Before we delete a node, we need to store the next pointer of the node 

Implementation: 
Functions other than removeDuplicates() are just to create a linked list and test removeDuplicates(). 

C

// C Program to remove duplicates
// from a sorted linked list
#include<stdio.h>
#include<stdlib.h>
 
// Link list node
struct Node
{
    int data;
    struct Node* next;
};
 
// The function removes duplicates
// from a sorted list
void removeDuplicates(struct Node* head)
{
    // Pointer to traverse the linked list
    struct Node* current = head;
 
    // Pointer to store the next pointer
    // of a node to be deleted
    struct Node* next_next;
   
    // Do nothing if the list is empty
    if (current == NULL)
       return;
 
    // Traverse the list till last node
    while (current->next != NULL)
    {
       // Compare current node with next node
       if (current->data == current->next->data)
       {
           // The sequence of steps is important
           next_next = current->next->next;
           free(current->next);
           current->next = next_next; 
       }
 
       // This is tricky: only advance
       // if no deletion
       else
       {
          current = current->next;
       }
    }
}
 
// UTILITY FUNCTIONS
// Function to insert a node at the
// beginning of the linked list
void push(struct Node** head_ref,
          int new_data)
{
    // Allocate node
    struct Node* new_node =
           (struct Node*) malloc(sizeof(struct Node));
             
    // Put in the data 
    new_node->data  = new_data;
                 
    // Link the old list of the new node
    new_node->next = (*head_ref);    
         
    // Move the head to point to the
    // new node
    (*head_ref) = new_node;
}
 
// Function to print nodes in a given
// linked list
void printList(struct Node *node)
{
    while (node!=NULL)
    {
       printf("%d ", node->data);
       node = node->next;
    }
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    // Start with the empty list
    struct Node* head = NULL;
   
    /* Let us create a sorted linked list
       to test the functions. Created
       linked list will be
       11->11->11->13->13->20 */
    push(&head, 20);
    push(&head, 13);
    push(&head, 13); 
    push(&head, 11);
    push(&head, 11);
    push(&head, 11);                                   
 
    printf(
    "Linked list before duplicate removal  ");
    printList(head);
 
    // Remove duplicates from linked list
    removeDuplicates(head);
 
    printf(
    "Linked list after duplicate removal ");        
    printList(head);           
   
    return 0;
}

                    

Output:

Linked list before duplicate removal  11 11 11 13 13 20
Linked list after duplicate removal  11 13 20

Time Complexity: O(n) where n is the number of nodes in the given linked list.
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

Recursive Approach :  

C

// C recursive Program to remove duplicates
// from a sorted linked list
#include<stdio.h>
#include<stdlib.h>
 
// Link list node
struct Node
{
    int data;
    struct Node* next;
};
 
// UTILITY FUNCTIONS
// Function to insert a node at
// the beginning of the linked list
void push(struct Node** head_ref,
          int new_data)
{
    // Allocate node
    struct Node* new_node =
           (struct Node*) malloc(sizeof(struct Node));
             
    // Put in the data 
    new_node->data  = new_data;
                 
    // Link the old list of the
    // new node
    new_node->next = (*head_ref);    
         
    // Move the head to point to the
    // new node
    (*head_ref)    = new_node;
}
 
// Function to print nodes in a
// given linked list
void printList(struct Node *node)
{
    while (node!=NULL)
    {
       printf("%d ", node->data);
       node = node->next;
    }
}
 
Node* deleteDuplicates(Node* head)
{
    if (head == nullptr)
        return nullptr;
 
    if (head->next == nullptr)
        return head;
 
    if (head->data == head->next->data)
    {
        Node *tmp;
 
        // If find next element duplicate,
        // preserve the next pointer to be
        // deleted, skip it, and then delete
        // the stored one. Return head
        tmp = head->next;
        head->next = head->next->next;
        free(tmp);
        return deleteDuplicates(head);
    }
 
    else
    {
        // if doesn't find next element duplicate, leave head
        // and check from next element
        head->next = deleteDuplicates(head->next);
        return head;
    }
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    // Start with the empty list
    struct Node* head = NULL;
   
    /* Let us create a sorted linked list
       to test the functions. Created
       linked list will be 11->11->11->13->13->20 */
    push(&head, 20);
    push(&head, 13);
    push(&head, 13); 
    push(&head, 11);
    push(&head, 11);
    push(&head, 11);                                   
 
    printf(
    "Linked list before duplicate removal  ");
    printList(head);
 
    // Remove duplicates from linked list
    head = deleteDuplicates(head);
 
    printf(
    "Linked list after duplicate removal ");        
    printList(head);           
   
    return 0;
}
// This code is contributed by Yogesh shukla

                    

Output:

Linked list before duplicate removal  11 11 11 13 13 20
Linked list after duplicate removal  11 13 20

Time Complexity: O(n), where n is the number of nodes in the given linked list.
Auxiliary Space: O(n), due to recursive stack where n is the number of nodes in the given linked list.

Please refer complete article on Remove duplicates from a sorted linked list for more details!



Last Updated : 03 Apr, 2023
Like Article
Save Article
Previous
Next
Share your thoughts in the comments
Similar Reads