Broader Meaning of Democracy
Democracy is a form of power in which autocrats are elected by the people. It reminds us that self-government is the ground rule of the people. But if we use this description as an unintentional justification, we will be demarcating almost every government that holds an election as a republic. In a republic, the liberating power at the bottom should be with those who are tagged by the people.
Features of Republic
- The Republic must be grounded on a free and fair election; where those currently in power have a fair chance of losing.
- In a democracy, every adult citizen must have a ballot paper and every vote must have value.
- Elections offer a fair chance for people to change the current rulers, provided the rule is not according to them. The exercise of this opportunity; limits government rule by basic rules of the constitution and citizens’ rights.
- The resistance parties are faced with serving independently before and after alternatives.
- Popular authorities are based on the primary principles of political equality.
Merits of Democracy
- A republican government is a better jurisdiction because it is an additional responsible person of the government.
- Democracy improves the efficiency of decision-making.
- Democracy provides a system to deal with disputes and conflicts.
- It is suitable for countries like India. India has a diversity of languages, persuasion, and societies. The Republic in India makes it possible to celebrate harmony in diversity.
- Democracy is one of the superior specialized forms of jurisdiction because it allows us to correct our wrong presumptions.
- Democracy enhances the dignity of citizens, as it is based on the principle of political coordination, based on the belief that the poorest and least educated have equal status as that of the rich and educated.
Aims of Good Democracy
- Surely enough democracy will come to this country only when no one sleeps hungry.
- Each citizen should be able to play an equal role in making resolutions. Each citizen should have the same facts, introductory education, the same safe, and a lot of commitment.
Broader Meaning of Democracy
The most familiar form of democracy in our time is that of representative self-government. In the republican countries; the whole population doesn’t rule; the majority is allowed to hold ground on behalf of the people and they don’t rule directly; but through their marked representatives. It becomes necessary because
- Ultramodern democracies is based on mass population and it isn’t physically viable to sit and collaborate an idea or reform.
- Even with slightest possibility, citizens don’t have energy, time or desire to choose and engage in all the ideas.
It gives us a clear but minimal understanding of the republic. This transparency helps us differentiate democracies from non-democracies. But this does not allow us to differentiate between a democracy and a good democracy. For this, we have to turn to the broader meaning of democracy.
Every democracy has to try to ascertain the ideals of popular judgement making. This can not be achieved formerly and for all. This requires constant trouble to save and strengthen popular forms of decision-making. What we do as citizens can make a difference in making our country more or less popular. This is the strength and weakness of democracy, the condition of the country does not depend on what the autocrats do, but on what we do as citizens.
A decision in democracy involves participation and consent of all those affected by the decision. Those who are not so superior have the same power as those in power. This application is possible to a government, family or any other organization. Thus democracy is also a principle that can be applied to any other sphere of life. It helps to sort a parity in any situation or circumstance in day to day life and helps to better the position of all involve and bring a parity.
This is what distinguished democracy from other unequal governments. Different forms of government such as monarchy, dictatorship, or one-party rule do not tolerate all citizens to participate in politics. Most non-popular governments want citizens not to participate in politics. But democracy depends on the functioning of the political participation of all citizens. Therefore, the study of democracy should focus on popular politics.
Some challenges to proper functioning of Democracy:
- Social and Economic inequality: Discrimination based on religion, caste, and race causes social inequality.
- Communalism: Communalism is another challenge before democracy in India. Communal conflicts have taken place several times in different states.
- Consternation: Terrorism is posing a serious challenge to democracy in recent times. Terrorism has different facets and has political, religious, and international causes.
- Illiteracy: Basic education is the strength of democracy. A major part of the Indian population is made up of illiterate
- Casteism: The caste division in India is very clear. Discrimination and dissent are rampant in many parts of the country due to caste division.
- Rational Imbalance: The economic progress of a nation requires equally balanced development.
Question 1. Give meaning to democracy and examine its features.
The word ‘democracy‘ is derived from two Greek words ‘demo‘ which denotes people and ‘Crates‘ denotes power. Hence the literal meaning of democracy is ‘power of the people. One of the most infamous depictions of democracy is that of Abraham Lincoln, who says, “Democracy is the government of the people, by the people, and for the people.”
Features of democracy can be listed as follows:
- Democracy is a system of government in which autocrats are elected by the people on the principle of one person, one vote.
- Democracy should be based on self-government and fair choices, where those in power have a clear potential to be in the wrong place. The selectors should have a choice of campaigners.
- In a democracy, the right to take the final decision should be with the people tagged by the people.
Question 2. Democracy faces the threat of dictatorship. Explain the statement with suitable examples.
Democracy remains intact when it comes to determining how to preserve checks and balances when legislatures do not get the chance, how to defend national elections amidst imprisonment, and how to assure that the administration is for the people.
For some democracies, delicate trade-offs can appear very important. Democratically tagged leaders such as Viktor Orban in Hungary have used the pandemic as a pretense to expand their power. Orban indefinitely suspended Congress and Option and is governed by decree. In Israel, Benjamin Netanyahu put the courts – which were set to investigate him on corruption charges – on recess. Bolivia halted its much-awaited options, which were last allowed to oust former president Evo Morales.
Question 3. What are the arguments for democracy?
Democracy is a political system in which citizens exercise authority directly, or choose committees from amongst themselves. The people choose their leader. Representatives engage in an election and their members are chosen by selectors.
- Sovereignty is strong as dominant opinion can only be taken by tagged representatives and no external constraint is legal.
- Autonomous and fair choices present a fair choice for citizens to replace autocracy
- The option to replace autocratic rulers is available to all on an equal basis. One Man / One Vote / One Price.
- An autonomous administration is an additional accountable method of administration.
- Self-government improves the rate of deliverance.
- Self-government provides a system to deal with differences and conflicts.
Question 4. How do you benefit from the broader sense of democracy?
Democracy is a configuration of administration in which autocrats are tagged by the people. A common representative of all self-government is that the government is elected by the people.
- In a democratic government, the representation of a region in a country sits together to make decisions.
- Elections are held to elect representatives. Citizens have the right to choose their representatives.
- Democracy is an asset which can be applied in all walks of life.
Question 5. How has the meaning of democracy expanded with the changing times?
The meaning of democracy expanded with the changing times-
- It refers to knowing the form of government with just one principle which can be applied to all aspects of life like family, school.
- Democracy is also about the day day-to-day decisions we take in our lives.