Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Improve Article

Break and Continue Keywords in Linux with Examples

  • Last Updated : 24 Dec, 2020
Geek Week

Both “break” and “continue” are used to transfer control of the program to another part of the program. It is used within loops to alter the flow of the loop and terminate the loop or skip the current iteration.

break

The break statement is used to terminate the loop and can be used within a while, for, until, and select loops.

Syntax

break [N]
// N is the number of nested loops. 
// This parameter is optional.
// By default the value of N is 1.

Using break command in a loop. 

break keyword in linux



It can be seen that when the value of i is 3, the loop execution is terminated and hence i is only printed upto 2.

Example: Using break with the value of N. Consider an example:

for i in `seq 1 5`
 do
  for j in `seq 1 5`
        do
                if(( $j== 2 ))
                        then
                        break 2
                fi
                echo "value of j is $j"
        done
  echo "value of i is $i"
done

As the value of break is 2, when the value of j is 2, both the loops are exited in a single step. So, the only value of j is printed when it was 1.

break keyword in linux

continue

Continue is a command which is used to skip the remaining command inside the loop for the current iteration in for, while, and until loop. 

Syntax:

continue [N]
// the optional parameter N specifies the nth enclosing loop to continue from.
// This parameter is optional.
// By default the value of N is 1.

Using break command in a loop

continue keyword in linux

Example: Using continue with the value of N. Consider an example:

for i in `seq 1 5`
 do
  for j in `seq 1 5`
        do
                if(( $j== 2 ))
                        then
                        continue 2
                fi
                echo "value of j is $j"
        done
  echo "value of i is $i"
done

Continue skips both the loop when the value of j is 2 and hence, the code only executes when the value of j is 1.

continue keyword in linux example

Difference between break and continue

Sr. No.breakcontinue
1It terminates the execution of the loop for all the remaining iterations.It skips the execution of the loop for only the current iteration. 
2It allows early termination of the loop.It allows early execution of the next iteration.
3It stops the execution of loops.It stops the execution of the loop only for the current iteration.
4The code after the loop which was terminated is continued.The code in the loop continues its execution skipping the current iteration.
My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :