Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Improve Article

BeautifulSoup – Scraping Link from HTML

  • Last Updated : 24 Jan, 2021

Prerequisite: Implementing Web Scraping in Python with BeautifulSoup

In this article, we will understand how we can extract all the links from a URL or an HTML document using Python.

Libraries Required:

  • bs4 (BeautifulSoup): It is a library in python which makes it easy to scrape information from web pages, and helps in extracting the data from HTML and XML files. This library needs to be downloaded externally as it does not come readily with Python package. To install this library, type the following command in your terminal.
pip install bs4
  • requests: This library enables to send the HTTP requests and fetch the web page content very easily. This library also needs to be downloaded externally as it does not come readily with Python package. To install this library, type the following command in your terminal.
pip install requests

Steps to be followed: 

  • Import the required libraries (bs4 and requests)
  • Create a function to get the HTML document from the URL using requests.get() method by passing URL to it.
  • Create a Parse Tree object i.e. soup object using of BeautifulSoup() method, passing it HTML document extracted above and Python built-in HTML parser.
  • Use the a tag to extract the links from the BeautifulSoup object.
  • Get the actual URLs from the form all anchor tag objects with get() method and passing href argument to it.
  • Moreover, you can get the title of the URLs with get() method and passing title argument to it.

Implementation:

Python3




# import necessary libraries
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
import requests
import re
  
  
# function to extract html document from given url
def getHTMLdocument(url):
      
    # request for HTML document of given url
    response = requests.get(url)
      
    # response will be provided in JSON format
    return response.text
  
    
# assign required credentials
# assign URL
  
# create document
html_document = getHTMLdocument(url_to_scrape)
  
# create soap object
soup = BeautifulSoup(html_document, 'html.parser')
  
  
# find all the anchor tags with "href" 
# attribute starting with "https://"
for link in soup.find_all('a'
                          attrs={'href': re.compile("^https://")}):
    # display the actual urls
    print(link.get('href'))  

Output:

 Attention geek! Strengthen your foundations with the Python Programming Foundation Course and learn the basics.  

To begin with, your interview preparations Enhance your Data Structures concepts with the Python DS Course. And to begin with your Machine Learning Journey, join the Machine Learning – Basic Level Course




My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :