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8085 program to find the sum of first n natural numbers

  • Difficulty Level : Hard
  • Last Updated : 24 May, 2019

Problem – Write an assembly language program for calculating the sum of first n natural numbers using 8085 microprocessor.

Example –

Input : 04H
Output : 0AH
as 01+02+03+04 = 10 in decimal => 0AH

The formula for calculating the sum of first n natural numbers is \frac{(n(n+1))}{2}.

Algorithm –

  1. With n as the input, increment it to obtain n+1.
  2. Multiply n with n+1.
  3. Divide the product obtained by 2.

In 8085 microprocessor, no direct instruction exists to multiply two numbers, so multiplication is done by repeated addition as 4×5 is equivalent to 4+4+4+4+4 (i.e., 5 times).
Input: 04H
Add 04H 5 times
Product: 14H(2010)

Similarly, in 8085 microprocessor, no direct instruction exists to divide two numbers, so division is done by repeated subtraction.
Input: 14H
Keep subtracting 2 from the input till it reduces to 0.
Since subtraction has to be performed 1010 times before 14H becomes 0, the quotient is 1010 => 0AH.

Steps –

  1. Load the data from the memory location (201BH, arbitrary choice) into the accumulator
  2. Move this data into B
  3. Increment the value in the accumulator by one and move it to the register C
  4. Initialise the accumulator with 0
  5. Multiplication: Keep adding B to accumulator. The number of times B has to be added is equal to the value of C
  6. Initialise B with 00H. B will store the quotient of the division
  7. Initialise C with 02H. This is the divisor for the division
  8. Division: Keep subtracting C from A till A becomes 0. For each subtraction, increment B by one
  9. The final answer is in B. Move it to A. Then store the value of A in 201CH (arbitrary choice again)

201CH contains the final answer.

ADDRESSLABELMNEMONIC
2000HLDA 201BH
2001H
2002H
2003HMOV B, A
2004HINR A
2005HMOV C, A
2006HMVI A, 00H
2007H
2008HLOOP1ADD B
2009HDCR C
200AHJNZ LOOP1
200BH
200CH
200DHMVI C, 02H
200EH
200FHMVI B, 00H
2010H
2011HLOOP2INR B
2012HSUB C
2013HJNZ LOOP2
2014H
2015H
2016HMOV A, B
2017HSTA 201CH
2018H
2019H
201AHHLT

Store the value of n in 201BH. The sum can be found at 201CH.

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