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Ganga River and Tributaries

Last Updated : 05 Dec, 2023
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Gangotri Glacier is the point where the Ganges River emerges beside the Himalayas Mountains. While gushing below the Himalayas, the Bhagirathi River places an authentic frame around the Ganges River, which flows among the Alaknanda River. It flows south and east of the Himalayas, which forms a canyon as it leaves the mountain. Ganga and its watershed areas support one of the most densely populated areas in this world. There are discussions currently underway in imitation of consist of the close by the Brahmaputra then Meghna as a factor concerning the large Ganges River currency bowl.

Some important tributaries of the Ganga include Yamuna, Kosi, Gondak, and Ghaghara and it is in Prayagraj where the Ganga meets meet Yamuna River. Some other major tributaries of the Ganga include the River Son, the River Chambal, and the River Betwa.

Ganga And Tributaries Map

Tributaries of Ganga

Tributaries of Ganga

Origin of Ganga River

The principal tributaries of the river Ganga include Yamuna, Kosi, Ghaghara, and Gandak. At Prayagraj, the rivers of the Ganga and Yamuna would converge together. A larger basin includes the Ganga along with the Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers Ganges- Brahmaputra- Meghna river bin is one of the largest basins in the world.

Tributaries Regarding Ganga

The sizeable feeders concerning Ganga are the Ramganga, the Gomati, the Ghaghara, the Gandak, the Kosi, and the Mahanadi. The glide at lengthy remaining releases itself amongst the Bay regarding Bengal closes within imitation including the Sagar Island.


The Yamuna, the Ganga’s westernmost and longest feeder, rises from the Yamunotri unaffected stuff over the final slopes about the Bandarpunch excuse (6,316 km). At Prayag, such joins the Ganga (Allahabad). On its correct bank, which begins at the Peninsular level, so much is fulfilled on the Chambal, Sind, Betwa, then Ken, while over its left bank, up to expectation is associated through the course of the Hindan, Rind, Sengar, Varuna, or others. For planet inspiration reasons, an extensive amount regarding its bird is historic into pursuance with keeping the remaining afterward eastern Yamuna rivers, so properly namely the Agra channels.

  • It begins oversea over the Yamunotri degree essay regarding the Bandarpunch Peak in the Garhwal country within Uttarakhand at a pinnacle upstairs of around 6,000 meters.
  • It cuts in the course of the Nag Tibba, the Mussoorie after the Shiwalik ranges.
  • It arises outdoors in the craggy area or after entering fields close
  • Its main princely among the pinnacle ranges is the Tons whosoever moreover ascends beyond the Bandarpunch icy mass.
  • It joins the Yamuna beneath Kalsi before the residual choice leaves the slopes.
  • At so many sites, the lotus born by means of the Tons is a couple of times the cloud conveyed through the Yamuna.


The Chambal originates near the town of Mhow within Madhya Pradesh yet rises according to the north. After gushing through a gorge, such enters the regimen over Rajasthan. Here, the lowland passes through Bundi, SawaiMadhavraoPeth, and Dholpur before emptying among the Yamuna River. The flood travels northeast until it crosses Uttar Pradesh. Here, that merges along the Ganga or flows past Varanasi before merging along the Ghaghara in imitation of emerging as the Ganges.


A flood named the Gandak flows through Central India among the states concerning Uttar Pradesh or Madhya Pradesh. It originates close to Gangotri Glacier within the Kumaon region over Uttarakhand, yet is a tributary of the Ganges River. It flows eastward via the Garhwal Himalayan thoroughness until it reaches the plains over Uttar Pradesh, the place it types a series of braided rivers. It sooner or later flows of the Ganga exoteric close to Varanasi since gush through the districts of Muzaffarnagar, Baghpat, Ghaziabad, Meerut, Aligarh, and Saharanpur earlier than entering the regimen over Haryana. The Gandak starts offevolved near Kangra township in Himachal Pradesh, yet is additionally known as Bhakra Nangal.


The Ghaggar flows through the plains over Uttar Pradesh or Haryana before becoming a member of the Yamuna River near Delhi. Its tributaries include the Son, Betwa, Sarsanghati, Beas, Ravi, Sutlej, then Chenab rivers. The Ghaggar is the 2nd largest river manager within India afterward the Indus. It is also the 1/3 longest river in Asia afterward the Yangtze and the Mekong Rivers.


Toughness Kosi is a precursor stream so much flows beyond Tibet throughout Nepal of India. It is some of the essential rivers in Asia. Its source is placed close to Mount Everest, or such flows through the Terai vicinity earlier than emptying into the Ganges River. There are seven foremost tributaries of the Kosi, along with the Sutkoshi, Tamba, Talkha, Doda, Botia, Arun, or Tamor Rivers. The Kosi is additionally known as the “Sapta Koshi” (seven rivers) due to the fact such originates from seven springs.

Kosi is a flood in Nepal. It flows via the Terai area in Japanese Nepal and then empties within the Ganges River. It is the second biggest tributary of the Ganges, after the Gandak. Its measure is approximate. The watercourse originates in Tibet and flows via the Himalayas earlier than getting into Nepal. It passes via the cities of Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Bhairahawa, Biratnagar, Chitwan, Nawalparasi, and Kaski, then eventually reaches the Ganges near Raxaul.


The Ramganga River is a tributary of the Ganges watercourse located in Uttarakhand, India. It flows via the administration on Uttarakhand or afterward empties between the Ganges at Rameshwaram. The extent of the watercourse is touching stability and the catchment vicinity is. The watercourse originates close to the hamlet over Bijrani in the Pauri Garhwal district. Its supply is between the Himalayas and that runs through the Garhwal area before joining the Ganges. The fame “Ramganga” means “the movement about Lord Ram”.

The feeder in regards to the Ganga River drains gracefully supports western Kumaun. The Ramganga River begins far away from inner the evil amour on the Dudhatoli Mountain into Chamoli then Uttarakhand. It is simply dealt with, such as by means of a road of springs shining along the provisions concerning greater than water. The reduced well-known geomorphic functions identified of the aggregation over the vile Himalayan slants belonging to the Almora country are possibly in accordance with lie-etched meanders, synchronized and unpaired meters, and interlocking spikes, or overflows.

It runs through the Dunglen concerning Corbett State Park. There is truly a dam all through Kalagarh for the duration of the Ramganga. It satisfies the Ganga round Kannauj at the incomplete point. Bareilly metropolis comes via their banks.

FAQs on Ganga and its Tributaries

Where does Ganga originates from?

Ganga originates in the Himalaya mountains at Gomukh, which is the terminus of gangotri glacier.

Does Ganga originate in China?

Ganga rises in the southern Great Himalayas on Indian side of the border with Tibet Autonomous region of China.

Who brought Ganga to India?

Bhagiratha is said to have brought Ganga to India.

What is the name of the tributaries of Ganga?

The tributaries of the Ganga include Yamuna, Son, Ghagra, Chambal and Kosi.

Which is the biggest feeder of Ganga?

India’s Yamuna River is the biggest feeder of the Ganga River, while Bangladesh’s Jamuna River is the biggest distributary channel of the Brahmaputra River. The beginning of Yamuna is at Yamunotri Glacier on the southwestern slants of Bandarpunch top in the Lower Himalayas in Uttarakhand.

Which of the accompanying Ganga feeder begins from the Amarkantak Plateau?

The Son River starts close to Amarkantak in Madhya Pradesh, only east of the headwater of the Narmada River, and streams north-northwest through Madhya Pradesh state prior to turning forcefully toward the east where it experiences the southwest-upper east Kaimur Range.

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