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Squareroot(n)-th node in a Linked List
  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 07 Jun, 2021

Given a Linked List, write a function that accepts the head node of the linked list as a parameter and returns the value of node present at (floor(sqrt(n)))th position in the Linked List, where n is the length of the linked list or the total number of nodes in the list. 
Examples: 
 

Input: 1->2->3->4->5->NULL
Output: 2

Input : 10->20->30->40->NULL
Output : 20

Input : 10->20->30->40->50->60->70->80->90->NULL
Output : 30

 

Simple method: The simple method is to first find the total number of nodes present in the linked list, then find the value of floor(squareroot(n)) where n is the total number of nodes. Then traverse from the first node in the list to this position and return the node at this position. 
This method traverses the linked list 2 times.
Optimized approach: In this method, we can get the required node by traversing the linked list once only. Below is the step by step algorithm for this approach. 
 

  1. Initialize two counters i and j both to 1 and a pointer sqrtn to NULL to traverse til the required position is reached.
  2. Start traversing the list using head node until the last node is reached.
  3. While traversing check if the value of j is equal to sqrt(i). If the value is equal increment both i and j and sqrtn to point sqrtn->next otherwise increment only i.
  4. Now, when we will reach the last node of list i will contain value of n, j will contain value of sqrt(i) and sqrtn will point to node at jth position. 
     

 

C++




// C++ program to find sqrt(n)'th node
// of a linked list
 
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Linked list node
class Node
{
    public:
    int data;
    Node* next;
};
 
// Function to get the sqrt(n)th
// node of a linked list
int printsqrtn(Node* head)
{
    Node* sqrtn = NULL;
    int i = 1, j = 1;
     
    // Traverse the list
    while (head!=NULL)
    {
        // check if j = sqrt(i)
        if (i == j*j)
        {
            // for first node
            if (sqrtn == NULL)
                sqrtn = head;
            else
                sqrtn = sqrtn->next;
             
            // increment j if j = sqrt(i)
            j++;
        }
        i++;
         
        head=head->next;
    }
     
    // return node's data
    return sqrtn->data;
}
 
void print(Node* head)
{
    while (head != NULL)
    {
        cout << head->data << " ";
        head = head->next;
    }
    cout<<endl;
}
 
// function to add a new node at the
// beginning of the list
void push(Node** head_ref, int new_data)
{
    // allocate node
    Node* new_node = new Node();
     
    // put in the data
    new_node->data = new_data;
     
    // link the old list off the new node
    new_node->next = (*head_ref);
     
    // move the head to point to the new node
    (*head_ref) = new_node;
}
 
/* Driver program to test above function*/
int main()
{
    /* Start with the empty list */
    Node* head = NULL;
    push(&head, 40);
    push(&head, 30);
    push(&head, 20);
    push(&head, 10);
    cout << "Given linked list is:";
    print(head);
    cout << "sqrt(n)th node is " << printsqrtn(head);
     
    return 0;
}
 
// This is code is contributed by rathbhupendra

C




// C program to find sqrt(n)'th node
// of a linked list
 
#include<stdio.h>
#include<stdlib.h>
 
// Linked list node
struct Node
{
    int data;
    struct Node* next;
};
 
// Function to get the sqrt(n)th
// node of a linked list
int printsqrtn(struct Node* head)
{
    struct Node* sqrtn = NULL;
    int i = 1, j = 1;
     
    // Traverse the list
    while (head!=NULL)
    {  
        // check if j = sqrt(i)
        if (i == j*j)
        {  
            // for first node
            if (sqrtn == NULL)
                sqrtn = head;
            else
                sqrtn = sqrtn->next;
             
            // increment j if j = sqrt(i)   
            j++;
        }
        i++;
         
        head=head->next;
    }
     
    // return node's data
    return sqrtn->data;
}
 
void print(struct Node* head)
{
    while (head != NULL)
    {
        printf("%d ", head->data);
        head = head->next;
    }
    printf("\n");
}
 
// function to add a new node at the
// beginning of the list
void push(struct Node** head_ref, int new_data)
{
    // allocate node
    struct Node* new_node =
            (struct Node*) malloc(sizeof(struct Node));
     
    // put in the data
    new_node->data = new_data;
     
    // link the old list off the new node
    new_node->next = (*head_ref);
     
    // move the head to point to the new node
    (*head_ref) = new_node;
}
 
/* Driver program to test above function*/
int main()
{
    /* Start with the empty list */
    struct Node* head = NULL;
    push(&head, 40);
    push(&head, 30);
    push(&head, 20);
    push(&head, 10);
    printf("Given linked list is:");
    print(head);
    printf("sqrt(n)th node is %d ",printsqrtn(head));
     
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to find sqrt(n)'th node
// of a linked list
 
class GfG
{
 
// Linked list node
static class Node
{
    int data;
    Node next;
}
static Node head = null;
 
// Function to get the sqrt(n)th
// node of a linked list
static int printsqrtn(Node head)
{
    Node sqrtn = null;
    int i = 1, j = 1;
     
    // Traverse the list
    while (head != null)
    {
        // check if j = sqrt(i)
        if (i == j * j)
        {
            // for first node
            if (sqrtn == null)
                sqrtn = head;
            else
                sqrtn = sqrtn.next;
             
            // increment j if j = sqrt(i)
            j++;
        }
        i++;
         
        head=head.next;
    }
     
    // return node's data
    return sqrtn.data;
}
 
static void print(Node head)
{
    while (head != null)
    {
        System.out.print( head.data + " ");
        head = head.next;
    }
    System.out.println();
}
 
// function to add a new node at the
// beginning of the list
static void push( int new_data)
{
    // allocate node
    Node new_node = new Node();
     
    // put in the data
    new_node.data = new_data;
     
    // link the old list off the new node
    new_node.next = head;
     
    // move the head to point to the new node
    head = new_node;
}
 
/* Driver code*/
public static void main(String[] args)
{
    /* Start with the empty list */
    push( 40);
    push( 30);
    push( 20);
    push( 10);
    System.out.print("Given linked list is:");
    print(head);
    System.out.print("sqrt(n)th node is " +
                        printsqrtn(head));
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by prerna saini

Python3




# Python3 program to find sqrt(n)'th node
# of a linked list
 
# Node class
class Node:
 
    # Function to initialise the node object
    def __init__(self, data):
        self.data = data
        self.next = None
 
# Function to get the sqrt(n)th
# node of a linked list
def printsqrtn(head) :
 
    sqrtn = None
    i = 1
    j = 1
     
    # Traverse the list
    while (head != None) :
     
        # check if j = sqrt(i)
        if (i == j * j) :
         
            # for first node
            if (sqrtn == None) :
                sqrtn = head
            else:
                sqrtn = sqrtn.next
             
            # increment j if j = sqrt(i)
            j = j + 1
         
        i = i + 1
         
        head = head.next
     
    # return node's data
    return sqrtn.data
 
def print_1(head) :
 
    while (head != None) :
        print( head.data, end = " ")
        head = head.next
    print(" ")
 
# function to add a new node at the
# beginning of the list
def push(head_ref, new_data) :
 
    # allocate node
    new_node = Node(0)
     
    # put in the data
    new_node.data = new_data
     
    # link the old list off the new node
    new_node.next = (head_ref)
     
    # move the head to point to the new node
    (head_ref) = new_node
    return head_ref
 
# Driver Code
if __name__=='__main__':
 
    # Start with the empty list
    head = None
    head = push(head, 40)
    head = push(head, 30)
    head = push(head, 20)
    head = push(head, 10)
    print("Given linked list is:")
    print_1(head)
    print("sqrt(n)th node is ",
              printsqrtn(head))
     
# This code is contributed by Arnab Kundu

C#




// C# program to find sqrt(n)'th node
// of a linked list
using System;
public class GfG
{
 
// Linked list node
class Node
{
    public int data;
    public Node next;
}
static Node head = null;
 
// Function to get the sqrt(n)th
// node of a linked list
static int printsqrtn(Node head)
{
    Node sqrtn = null;
    int i = 1, j = 1;
     
    // Traverse the list
    while (head != null)
    {
        // check if j = sqrt(i)
        if (i == j * j)
        {
            // for first node
            if (sqrtn == null)
                sqrtn = head;
            else
                sqrtn = sqrtn.next;
             
            // increment j if j = sqrt(i)
            j++;
        }
        i++;
         
        head=head.next;
    }
     
    // return node's data
    return sqrtn.data;
}
 
static void print(Node head)
{
    while (head != null)
    {
        Console.Write( head.data + " ");
        head = head.next;
    }
    Console.WriteLine();
}
 
// function to add a new node at the
// beginning of the list
static void push( int new_data)
{
    // allocate node
    Node new_node = new Node();
     
    // put in the data
    new_node.data = new_data;
     
    // link the old list off the new node
    new_node.next = head;
     
    // move the head to point to the new node
    head = new_node;
}
 
/* Driver code*/
public static void Main(String[] args)
{
    /* Start with the empty list */
    push( 40);
    push( 30);
    push( 20);
    push( 10);
    Console.Write("Given linked list is:");
    print(head);
    Console.Write("sqrt(n)th node is " +
                        printsqrtn(head));
}
}
 
/* This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar */

Javascript




<script>
 
// JavaScript program to find sqrt(n)'th node
// of a linked list
 
 
    // Linked list node
    class Node {
        constructor(val) {
            this.data = val;
            this.next = null;
        }
    }
    var head = null;
 
    // Function to get the sqrt(n)th
    // node of a linked list
    function printsqrtn(head) {
    var sqrtn = null;
        var i = 1, j = 1;
 
        // Traverse the list
        while (head != null) {
            // check if j = sqrt(i)
            if (i == j * j) {
                // for first node
                if (sqrtn == null)
                    sqrtn = head;
                else
                    sqrtn = sqrtn.next;
 
                // increment j if j = sqrt(i)
                j++;
            }
            i++;
 
            head = head.next;
        }
 
        // return node's data
        return sqrtn.data;
    }
 
    function print(head) {
        while (head != null) {
            document.write(head.data + " ");
            head = head.next;
        }
        document.write("<br/>");
    }
 
    // function to add a new node at the
    // beginning of the list
    function push(new_data) {
        // allocate node
        var new_node = new Node();
 
        // put in the data
        new_node.data = new_data;
 
        // link the old list off the new node
        new_node.next = head;
 
        // move the head to point to the new node
        head = new_node;
    }
 
    /* Driver code */
     
        /* Start with the empty list */
        push(40);
        push(30);
        push(20);
        push(10);
        document.write("Given linked list is:");
        print(head);
        document.write("sqrt(n)th node is " + printsqrtn(head));
 
// This code contributed by Rajput-Ji
 
</script>

Output:  



Given linked list is:10 20 30 40
sqrt(n)th node is 20

This article is contributed by Akshit Agarwal. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using write.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.
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