Given an integer N, the task is to find its perfect square root by repeated subtraction only.
Input: N = 25
Input: N = 841
Babylonian Method and Binary Search Approach: Refer to Square root of an integer for the approaches based on Babylonian Method and Binary Search.
Repeated Subtraction Approach:
Follow the steps below to solve the problem:
- Sum of the first N odd natural numbers is equal to N2.
- Based on the fact mentioned above, repetitive subtraction of odd numbers starting from 1, until N becomes 0 needs to be performed.
- The count of odd numbers, used in this process, will give the square root of the number N.
N = 81
Step 1: 81-1=80
Step 2: 80-3=77
Step 3: 77-5=72
Step 4: 72-7=65
Step 5: 65-9=56
Step 6: 56-11=45
Step 7: 45-13=32
Step 8: 32-15=17
Step 9: 17-17=0
Since, 9 odd numbers were used, hence the square root of 81 is 9.
Below is the implementation of the above approach.
Time Complexity: O(N)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)
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