Sorted() function in Python
Sorting any sequence is very easy in Python using built-in method sorted() which does all the hard work for you.
Sorted() sorts any sequence (list, tuple) and always returns a list with the elements in sorted manner, without modifying the original sequence.
Syntax : sorted(iterable, key, reverse)
Parameters : sorted takes three parameters from which two are optional.
- Iterable : sequence (list, tuple, string) or collection (dictionary, set, frozenset) or any other iterator that needs to be sorted.
- Key(optional) : A function that would server as a key or a basis of sort comparison.
- Reverse(optional) : If set true, then the iterable would be sorted in reverse (descending) order, by default it is set as false.
Output : Sorted List returned : [1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8] Reverse sort : [8, 7, 6, 4, 3, 2, 1] Original list not modified : [2, 8, 1, 4, 6, 3, 7]
Example 2 : Sorting different data types
Output : ['e', 'q', 'r', 't', 'w', 'y'] ['e', 'q', 'r', 't', 'w', 'y'] ['h', 'n', 'o', 'p', 't', 'y'] ['e', 'q', 'r', 't', 'w', 'y'] ['e', 'q', 'r', 't', 'w', 'y'] ['e', 'q', 'r', 't', 'w', 'y']
Custom Sorting using the key parameter
sorted() function has an optional parameter called ‘key’ which takes a function as its value. This key function transforms each element before sorting, it takes the value and returns 1 value which is then used within sort instead of the original value.
For example, if we pass a list of strings in sorted(), it gets sorted alphabetically . But if we specify key = len, i.e. give len function as key, then the strings would be passed to len, and the value it returns, i.e. the length of strings will be sorted. Which means that the strings would be sorted based on their lengths instead
Output : Normal sort : ['aaa', 'b', 'cccc', 'dd'] Sort with len : ['b', 'dd', 'aaa', 'cccc']
Key also takes user-defined functions as its value for the basis of sorting.
Output : Normal sort : [3, 7, 11, 15] Sorted with key: [7, 15, 3, 11]
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