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Sort the given IP addresses in ascending order

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Given an array arr[] of IP Addresses where each element is a IPv4 Address, the task is to sort the given IP addresses in increasing order.
Examples: 

Input: arr[] = {‘126.255.255.255’, ‘169.255.0.0’, ‘169.253.255.255’} 
Output: ‘126.255.255.255’, ‘169.253.255.255’, ‘169.255.0.0’ 
Explanation: 
As the second octet of the third IP Address is less than the second IP Address whereas the first octet is same. Due to which the third IP Address will be smaller than the Third IP Address. 
169.255.0.0 > 169.253.255.255 

Input: arr[] = {‘192.168.0.1’, ‘192.168.1.210’, ‘192.168.0.227’} 
Output: ‘192.168.0.1’, ‘192.168.0.227’, ‘192.168.1.210’ 

Approach: The idea is to use a custom comparator to sort the given IP addresses. Since IPv4 has 4 octets, we will compare the addresses octet by octet. 

  • Check the first octet of the IP Address, If the first address has a greater first octet, then return True to swap the IP address, otherwise, return False.
  • If the first octet of the IP Addresses is same then compare the second octet of both IP Address. If the first address has a greater second octet, then return True to swap the IP address, otherwise, return False.
  • If the second octet of the IP Addresses is also the same, then compare the third octet of both IP Address. If the first address has a greater third octet, then return True to swap the IP address, otherwise, return False.
  • If the third octet of the IP Addresses is also the same, then compare the fourth octet of both IP Address. If the first address has a greater third octet, then return True to swap the IP address, otherwise, return False.
  • If the fourth octet is also the same, then both IP Address is equal. Then also return False.


Below is the implementation of the above approach:

Java

import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Comparator;
 
public class GFG {
    // Custom Comparator to sort the Array in the increasing order
    static class CustomComparator implements Comparator<String> {
        @Override
        public int compare(String a, String b) {
            // Breaking into the octets
            String[] octetsA = a.trim().split("\\.");
            String[] octetsB = b.trim().split("\\.");
 
            // Condition if the IP Address is same then return 0
            if (Arrays.equals(octetsA, octetsB)) {
                return 0;
            } else if (Integer.parseInt(octetsA[0]) > Integer.parseInt(octetsB[0])) {
                return 1;
            } else if (Integer.parseInt(octetsA[0]) < Integer.parseInt(octetsB[0])) {
                return -1;
            } else if (Integer.parseInt(octetsA[1]) > Integer.parseInt(octetsB[1])) {
                return 1;
            } else if (Integer.parseInt(octetsA[1]) < Integer.parseInt(octetsB[1])) {
                return -1;
            } else if (Integer.parseInt(octetsA[2]) > Integer.parseInt(octetsB[2])) {
                return 1;
            } else if (Integer.parseInt(octetsA[2]) < Integer.parseInt(octetsB[2])) {
                return -1;
            } else if (Integer.parseInt(octetsA[3]) > Integer.parseInt(octetsB[3])) {
                return 1;
            } else {
                return -1;
            }
        }
    }
 
    // Function to sort the IP Addresses
    public static void sortIPAddress(String[] arr) {
        // Sort the Array using Custom Comparator
        Arrays.sort(arr, new CustomComparator());
 
        System.out.println(String.join(" ", arr));
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String[] arr = {"192.168.0.1", "192.168.1.210", "192.168.0.227"};
 
        // Function Call
        sortIPAddress(arr);
    }
}
 
//contributed by Aditya Sharma

                    

Python

# Python implementation to sort
# the array of the IP Address
 
from functools import cmp_to_key
 
# Custom Comparator to sort the
# Array in the increasing order
def customComparator(a, b):
     
    # Breaking into the octets
    octetsA = a.strip().split(".")
    octetsB = b.strip().split(".")
     
    # Condition if the IP Address
    # is same then return 0
    if octetsA == octetsB:
        return 0
    elif octetsA[0] > octetsB[0]:
        return 1
    elif octetsA[0] < octetsB[0]:
        return -1
    elif octetsA[1] > octetsB[1]:
        return 1
    elif octetsA[1] < octetsB[1]:
        return -1
    elif octetsA[2] > octetsB[2]:
        return 1
    elif octetsA[2] < octetsB[2]:
        return -1
    elif octetsA[3] > octetsB[3]:
        return 1
    elif octetsA[3] < octetsB[3]:
        return -1
 
# Function to sort the IP Addresses
def sortIPAddress(arr):
     
    # Sort the Array using
    # Custom Comparator
    arr = sorted(arr, key = \
       cmp_to_key(customComparator))
        
    print(*arr)
    return arr
     
# Driver Code
if __name__ == "__main__":
    arr = ['192.168.0.1',
           '192.168.1.210',
           '192.168.0.227']
     
    # Function Call
    sortIPAddress(arr)

                    

C#

using System;
using System.Linq;
 
public class SortIPAddress
{
    // Custom Comparator to sort the Array in the increasing order
    public static int CustomComparator(string a, string b)
    {
        // Breaking into the octets
        string[] octetsA = a.Trim().Split('.');
        string[] octetsB = b.Trim().Split('.');
 
        // Condition if the IP Address is same then return 0
        if (Enumerable.SequenceEqual(octetsA, octetsB))
        {
            return 0;
        }
        else if (Int32.Parse(octetsA[0]) > Int32.Parse(octetsB[0]))
        {
            return 1;
        }
        else if (Int32.Parse(octetsA[0]) < Int32.Parse(octetsB[0]))
        {
            return -1;
        }
        else if (Int32.Parse(octetsA[1]) > Int32.Parse(octetsB[1]))
        {
            return 1;
        }
        else if (Int32.Parse(octetsA[1]) < Int32.Parse(octetsB[1]))
        {
            return -1;
        }
        else if (Int32.Parse(octetsA[2]) > Int32.Parse(octetsB[2]))
        {
            return 1;
        }
        else if (Int32.Parse(octetsA[2]) < Int32.Parse(octetsB[2]))
        {
            return -1;
        }
        else if (Int32.Parse(octetsA[3]) > Int32.Parse(octetsB[3]))
        {
            return 1;
        }
        else
        {
            return -1;
        }
    }
 
    // Function to sort the IP Addresses
    public static void sortIPAddress(string[] arr)
    {
        // Sort the Array using Custom Comparator
        Array.Sort(arr, CustomComparator);
 
        Console.WriteLine(string.Join(" ", arr));
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        string[] arr = {"192.168.0.1", "192.168.1.210", "192.168.0.227"};
 
        // Function Call
        sortIPAddress(arr);
    }
}
 
//contributed by Aditya Sharma

                    

Javascript

<script>
 
// javascript implementation to sort
// the array of the IP Address
 
// Custom Comparator to sort the
// Array in the increasing order
function customComparator(a, b){
     
    // Breaking into the octets   
    let octetsA = a.split(".");
    let octetsB = b.split(".");
     
    // Condition if the IP Address
    // is same then return 0
    if(octetsA == octetsB)
        return 0
    else if(octetsA[0] > octetsB[0])
        return 1
    else if(octetsA[0] < octetsB[0])
        return -1
    else if(octetsA[1] > octetsB[1])
        return 1
    else if(octetsA[1] < octetsB[1])
        return -1
    else if(octetsA[2] > octetsB[2])
        return 1
    else if(octetsA[2] < octetsB[2])
        return -1
    else if(octetsA[3] > octetsB[3])
        return 1
    else if(octetsA[3] < octetsB[3])
        return -1
 
}
 
// Function to sort the IP Addresses
function sortIPAddress(arr){
    // Sort the Array using
    // Custom Comparator
    arr.sort(customComparator);
        
    arr.forEach(function(ele){
        document.write(ele + " ");
    })
    return arr;
}
     
 
     
 
// Driver Code
arr = ['192.168.0.1', '192.168.1.210', '192.168.0.227']
     
// Function Call
arr = sortIPAddress(arr)
 
// The code is contributed by Gautam goel.
</script>

                    

C++

// C++ code for the above approach
 
#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
#include <vector>
#include <string>
 
using namespace std;
 
// Custom Comparator to sort the array in increasing order
bool customComparator(string a, string b) {
    // Breaking into the octets
    vector<string> octetsA;
    vector<string> octetsB;
 
    string octet = "";
    for (int i = 0; i < a.size(); i++) {
        if (a[i] == '.') {
            octetsA.push_back(octet);
            octet = "";
        } else {
            octet += a[i];
        }
    }
    octetsA.push_back(octet);
 
    octet = "";
    for (int i = 0; i < b.size(); i++) {
        if (b[i] == '.') {
            octetsB.push_back(octet);
            octet = "";
        } else {
            octet += b[i];
        }
    }
    octetsB.push_back(octet);
 
    // Condition if the IP Address is same then return false
    if (octetsA == octetsB) {
        return false;
    }
 
    // Compare the octets and return the result
    for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
        if (stoi(octetsA[i]) > stoi(octetsB[i])) {
            return false;
        } else if (stoi(octetsA[i]) < stoi(octetsB[i])) {
            return true;
        }
    }
    return false;
}
 
// Function to sort the IP Addresses
vector<string> sortIPAddress(vector<string> arr) {
    // Sort the Array using Custom Comparator
    sort(arr.begin(), arr.end(), customComparator);
    return arr;
}
 
// Driver Code
int main() {
    vector<string> arr = {"192.168.0.1", "192.168.1.210", "192.168.0.227"};
 
    // Function Call
    arr = sortIPAddress(arr);
 
    // Print the sorted array
    for (int i = 0; i < arr.size(); i++) {
        cout << arr[i] << " ";
    }
    cout << endl;
 
    return 0;
}
 
// This code is contributed by princekumaras

                    

Output: 
192.168.0.1 
192.168.0.227 
192.168.1.210

 

Time Complexity: O(N*logN)

Space Complexity: O(N) as octetsA, octetsB vectors has been created.



Last Updated : 12 Apr, 2023
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