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Rust – Match Operator
  • Last Updated : 22 Mar, 2021

Match Operator is a powerful operator which lets you match a particular value with a range of values and execute some operations or code for it. It is similar to switch() in Java.

Match Operator Keypoints :

  • For checking for a group of values, where the value to be checked is “cp”.
Syntax :
 let gfg = String::from("cp");
 
    // match operator
    match &*gfg {
        "ds" => println!("Data Structure"),
        "cp" => println!("Competitve programming"),
        "fg" => println!("FAANG"),
        _ => println!("not in GFG topics")
    }
  • For checking multiple conditions in one case here gfg value to be checked is “cp”.
Syntax :
   let gfg = String::from("cp");
   
    // match operator
    match &*gfg {
        "ds"|"cp"|"fg" => println!("topics includede in gfg"),
        _ => println!("Not in gfg topics")
    }
  • For checking a range of values from 2 to 100.
Syntax :
   let gfg = 101;

   // match operator
    match gfg {
        2..=100 => println!("between 2 to 100"),
        _ => println!("either 1 or above 100"),
    }

Example 1: Below is the Rust program for match operator having multiple cases 

  • Here we will use variable gfg to store string “cp” then we will use the match operator to match the given list options.
  • If it is matched the option is printed accordingly and if no match found then the output will be “not in gfg topics”.

Rust




fn main() {
    
  // create string variable gfg
  let gfg = String::from("cp");
    
    // match with operator 
    match &*gfg {
        "ds" => println!("Data Structure"),
        "cp" => println!("Competitve programming"),
        "fg" => println!("FAANG"),
        _ => println!("not in gfg topics")
    }
}

Output :

Competitve programming

Example 2: Below is the Rust program for match operator having multiple conditions in one case.



  • Here we will use gfg variable to hold the string “cp” but now we will check multiple conditions using one case only.
  • If it does not match in this condition then the output will be “Not in GFG topics”.

Rust




fn main() {
    let gfg = String::from("cp");
    match &*gfg {
        "ds"|"cp"|"fg" => println!("topics included in gfg"),
        _ => println!("Not in GFG topics")
    }
      
}

Output :

topics included in gfg

Example 3: Below is the Rust program for match operator having a range of values.

  • Here we will use the gfg variable having value 101, and now we will match values for a range of values in a condition.
  • The condition for matching will be between 2 and 100  if it’s not in this range the output will be “either 1 or above 100”.

Rust




fn main() {
    
   // gfg variable having value 101
    let gfg = 101;
      
   // checking for value is between 2 to 100 or not
    match gfg {
        2..=100 => println!("between 2 to 100"),
        _ => println!("either 1 or above 100"),
    }
}

Output :

either 1 or above 100
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