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Python Program for Maximum and Minimum in a square matrix.

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Given a square matrix of order n*n, find the maximum and minimum from the matrix given. 

Examples: 

Input : arr[][] = {5, 4, 9,
                   2, 0, 6,
                   3, 1, 8};
Output : Maximum = 9, Minimum = 0

Input : arr[][] = {-5, 3, 
                   2, 4};
Output : Maximum = 4, Minimum = -5

Naive Method : 
We find maximum and minimum of matrix separately using linear search. Number of comparison needed is n2 for finding minimum and n2 for finding the maximum element. The total comparison is equal to 2n2.

Python3

# Python program for finding the
# Maximum and Minimum in a matrix
 
# function print the MAX and MIN value
def MAXMIN(arr, n):
    MAX = -10**9
    MIN = 10**9
     
    # finding the MAXimum element
    for i in range(n):
        for j in range(n):
            if(MAX < arr[i][j]):
                MAX = arr[i][j]
     
     
    # finding the MINimum element
    for i in range(n):
        for j in range(n):
            if(MIN > arr[i][j]):
                MIN = arr[i][j]
                 
    print("Maximum = ", MAX, " Minimum = ", MIN)
 
 
# driver code to test above function
arr = [[5,9,11], [25,0,14],[21,6,4]]
MAXMIN(arr, 3)
# THIS CODE IS CONTRIBUTED BY KIRTI AGARWAL(KIRTIAGARWAL23121999)

                    

Output
MAXimum =  25  Minimum =  0

Pair Comparison (Efficient method): 
Select two elements from the matrix one from the start of a row of the matrix another from the end of the same row of the matrix, compare them and next compare smaller of them to the minimum of the matrix and larger of them to the maximum of the matrix. We can see that for two elements we need 3 compare so for traversing whole of the matrix we need total of 3/2 n2 comparisons.

Note : This is extended form of method 3 of Maximum Minimum of Array.

Python3

# Python3 program for finding
# MAXimum and MINimum in a matrix.
MAX = 100
 
# Finds MAXimum and MINimum in arr[0..n-1][0..n-1]
# using pair wise comparisons
def MAXMIN(arr, n):
 
    MIN = 10**9
    MAX = -10**9
 
    # Traverses rows one by one
    for i in range(n):
        for j in range(n // 2 + 1):
             
        # Compare elements from beginning
        # and end of current row
            if (arr[i][j] > arr[i][n - j - 1]):
                if (MIN > arr[i][n - j - 1]):
                    MIN = arr[i][n - j - 1]
                if (MAX< arr[i][j]):
                    MAX = arr[i][j]
            else:
                if (MIN > arr[i][j]):
                    MIN = arr[i][j]
                if (MAX< arr[i][n - j - 1]):
                    MAX = arr[i][n - j - 1]
 
    print("MAXimum =", MAX, ", MINimum =", MIN)
 
# Driver Code
arr = [[5, 9, 11],
       [25, 0, 14],
       [21, 6, 4]]
 
MAXMIN(arr, 3)
 
# This code is contributed by Mohit Kumar

                    

Output: 

Maximum = 25, Minimum = 0

Please refer complete article on Maximum and Minimum in a square matrix. for more details!



Last Updated : 21 Feb, 2023
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