Python Program for Maximum and Minimum in a square matrix.

Given a square matrix of order n*n, find the maximum and minimum from the matrix given.

Examples:

```Input : arr[][] = {5, 4, 9,
2, 0, 6,
3, 1, 8};
Output : Maximum = 9, Minimum = 0

Input : arr[][] = {-5, 3,
2, 4};
Output : Maximum = 4, Minimum = -5```

Naive Method :
We find maximum and minimum of matrix separately using linear search. Number of comparison needed is n2 for finding minimum and n2 for finding the maximum element. The total comparison is equal to 2n2.

Python3

 `# Python program for finding the ` `# Maximum and Minimum in a matrix`   `# function print the MAX and MIN value` `def` `MAXMIN(arr, n):` `    ``MAX` `=` `-``10``*``*``9` `    ``MIN` `=` `10``*``*``9` `    `  `    ``# finding the MAXimum element` `    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(n):` `        ``for` `j ``in` `range``(n):` `            ``if``(``MAX` `< arr[i][j]):` `                ``MAX` `=` `arr[i][j]` `    `  `    `  `    ``# finding the MINimum element` `    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(n):` `        ``for` `j ``in` `range``(n):` `            ``if``(``MIN` `> arr[i][j]):` `                ``MIN` `=` `arr[i][j]` `                `  `    ``print``(``"Maximum = "``, ``MAX``, ``" Minimum = "``, ``MIN``)`     `# driver code to test above function` `arr ``=` `[[``5``,``9``,``11``], [``25``,``0``,``14``],[``21``,``6``,``4``]]` `MAXMIN(arr, ``3``)` `# THIS CODE IS CONTRIBUTED BY KIRTI AGARWAL(KIRTIAGARWAL23121999)`

Output

`MAXimum =  25  Minimum =  0`

Pair Comparison (Efficient method):
Select two elements from the matrix one from the start of a row of the matrix another from the end of the same row of the matrix, compare them and next compare smaller of them to the minimum of the matrix and larger of them to the maximum of the matrix. We can see that for two elements we need 3 compare so for traversing whole of the matrix we need total of 3/2 n2 comparisons.

Note : This is extended form of method 3 of Maximum Minimum of Array.

Python3

 `# Python3 program for finding ` `# MAXimum and MINimum in a matrix.` `MAX` `=` `100`   `# Finds MAXimum and MINimum in arr[0..n-1][0..n-1]` `# using pair wise comparisons` `def` `MAXMIN(arr, n):`   `    ``MIN` `=` `10``*``*``9` `    ``MAX` `=` `-``10``*``*``9`   `    ``# Traverses rows one by one` `    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(n):` `        ``for` `j ``in` `range``(n ``/``/` `2` `+` `1``):` `            `  `        ``# Compare elements from beginning` `        ``# and end of current row` `            ``if` `(arr[i][j] > arr[i][n ``-` `j ``-` `1``]):` `                ``if` `(``MIN` `> arr[i][n ``-` `j ``-` `1``]):` `                    ``MIN` `=` `arr[i][n ``-` `j ``-` `1``]` `                ``if` `(``MAX``< arr[i][j]):` `                    ``MAX` `=` `arr[i][j]` `            ``else``:` `                ``if` `(``MIN` `> arr[i][j]):` `                    ``MIN` `=` `arr[i][j]` `                ``if` `(``MAX``< arr[i][n ``-` `j ``-` `1``]):` `                    ``MAX` `=` `arr[i][n ``-` `j ``-` `1``]`   `    ``print``(``"MAXimum ="``, ``MAX``, ``", MINimum ="``, ``MIN``)`   `# Driver Code` `arr ``=` `[[``5``, ``9``, ``11``],` `       ``[``25``, ``0``, ``14``],` `       ``[``21``, ``6``, ``4``]]`   `MAXMIN(arr, ``3``)`   `# This code is contributed by Mohit Kumar`

Output:

`Maximum = 25, Minimum = 0`

Please refer complete article on Maximum and Minimum in a square matrix. for more details!

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