# Python | Merging nested lists

• Last Updated : 24 Jun, 2019

Given two nested lists, ‘lst1’ and ‘lst2’, write a Python program to create a new nested list ‘lst3’ out of the two given nested lists, so that the new nested list consist common intersections of both lists as well as the non-intersecting elements.

Examples:

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```Input : lst1 = [[5, 9], [8, 2, 6], [3, 4]]
lst2 = [[9, 5, 8], [2, 6], [3, 4, 1]]
Output : [[9, 5], , [2, 6], [3, 4], ]

Input : lst1 = [['a', 'b', 'c'], ['x']]
lst2 = [['b', 'c', 'y'], ['x', 'y']]
Output : [['b', 'c'], ['x'], ['y'], ['a']]
```

Approach #1 : By set intersection using functools.reduce()

This method uses the set intersection to compute each intersection, then add any item which is left over (that is, items appearing on only one of the two lists). We will first use `functools.reduce()` to yield unique elements of ‘lst1’ and ‘lst2’ and save them to ‘temp1’ and ‘temp2’ respectively. After this, find the set intersection of both the list in ‘lst3’. At last, find the symmetric difference of ‘lst1’ and ‘lst2’, which yields the items which appear in only one of the 2 sets and append it to ‘lst3’.

 `# Python3 program to find Greatest common ``# intersection of two nested lists``import` `itertools``import` `functools`` ` `def` `GCI(lst1, lst2):``     ` `    ``temp1 ``=` `functools.``reduce``(``lambda` `a, b: ``set``(a).union(``set``(b)), lst1)``    ``temp2 ``=` `functools.``reduce``(``lambda` `a, b: ``set``(a).union(``set``(b)), lst2)``     ` `    ``lst3 ``=` `[``list``(``set``(a).intersection(``set``(b))) ``           ``for` `a, b ``in` `itertools.product(lst1, lst2) ``           ``if` `len``(``set``(a).intersection(``set``(b))) !``=` `0``]``     ` `    ``lst3.extend([x] ``for` `x ``in` `temp1.symmetric_difference(temp2))``     ` `    ``return` `lst3``         ` `# Driver code``lst1 ``=` `[[``5``, ``9``], [``8``, ``2``, ``6``], [``3``, ``4``]]``lst2 ``=` `[[``9``, ``5``, ``8``], [``2``, ``6``], [``3``, ``4``, ``1``]]``print``(GCI(lst1, lst2))`
Output:
```[[9, 5], , [2, 6], [3, 4], ]
```

Approach #2 : By set intersection using filter

This is an efficient approach over approach #1 as it simplifies the intetsection. First, flatten the nested lists. Take Intersection using` filter()` and save it to ‘lst3’. Now find elements either not in lst1 or in lst2, and save them to ‘temp’. Finally, append ‘temp’ to ‘lst3’.

 `# Python3 program to find Greatest common ``# intersection of two nested lists``import` `itertools``from` `functools ``import` `reduce`` ` `def` `GCI(lst1, lst2):``     ` `    ``temp1 ``=` `reduce``(``list``.__add__, lst1)``    ``temp2 ``=` `reduce``(``list``.__add__, lst2)``    ``lst3 ``=` `list``(``filter``(``None``, [``list``(``set``(o1) & ``set``(o2))``                     ``for` `o1 ``in` `lst1 ``for` `o2 ``in` `lst2]))  `` ` `    ``temp ``=` `filter``(``lambda` `x : x ``not` `in` `temp1 ``or` `x ``not` `in` `temp2,``                                      ``set``(temp1) | ``set``(temp2))``    ``lst3.append(``list``(temp))``     ` `    ``return` `lst3``         ` `# Driver code``lst1 ``=` `[[``5``, ``9``], [``8``, ``2``, ``6``], [``3``, ``4``]]``lst2 ``=` `[[``9``, ``5``, ``8``], [``2``, ``6``], [``3``, ``4``, ``1``]]``print``(GCI(lst1, lst2))`
Output:
```[[9, 5], , [2, 6], [3, 4], ]
```

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