# Python | Flatten a 2d numpy array into 1d array

• Difficulty Level : Basic
• Last Updated : 03 Feb, 2023

Given a 2d numpy array, the task is to flatten a 2d numpy array into a 1d array. Below are a few methods to solve the task.

Method #1 : Using np.flatten()

## Python3

 # Python code to demonstrate# flattening a 2d numpy array# into 1d array import numpy as np ini_array1 = np.array([[1, 2, 3], [2, 4, 5], [1, 2, 3]]) # printing initial arraysprint("initial array", str(ini_array1)) # Multiplying arraysresult = ini_array1.flatten() # printing resultprint("New resulting array: ", result)

Output:

initial array [[1 2 3]
[2 4 5]
[1 2 3]]
New resulting array:  [1 2 3 2 4 5 1 2 3]

Time complexity: O(n), where n is the total number of elements in the 2D numpy array.
Auxiliary space: O(n), as the result array is also of size n. The flatten function returns a flattened 1D array, which is stored in the “result” variable.

Method #2: Using np.ravel()

## Python3

 # Python code to demonstrate# flattening a 2d numpy array# into 1d array import numpy as np ini_array1 = np.array([[1, 2, 3], [2, 4, 5], [1, 2, 3]]) # printing initial arraysprint("initial array", str(ini_array1)) # Multiplying arraysresult = ini_array1.ravel() # printing resultprint("New resulting array: ", result)

Output:

initial array [[1 2 3]
[2 4 5]
[1 2 3]]
New resulting array:  [1 2 3 2 4 5 1 2 3]

Method #3: Using np.reshape()

## Python3

 # Python code to demonstrate# flattening a 2d numpy array# into 1d array import numpy as np ini_array1 = np.array([[1, 2, 3], [2, 4, 5], [1, 2, 3]]) # printing initial arraysprint("initial array", str(ini_array1)) # Multiplying arraysresult = ini_array1.reshape([1, 9]) # printing resultprint("New resulting array: ", result)

Output:

initial array [[1 2 3]
[2 4 5]
[1 2 3]]
New resulting array:  [[1 2 3 2 4 5 1 2 3]]

Time Complexity: O(n), where n is the total number of elements in the 2D numpy array.
Auxiliary Space: O(n), as the program creates a new 1D list with the same number of elements as the original 2D array.

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up