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Python | Convert heterogeneous type String to List

  • Last Updated : 04 Oct, 2021

Sometimes, while working with data, we can have a problem in which we need to convert data in string into a list, and the string contains elements from different data types like boolean. This problem can occur in domains in which a lot of data types are used. Let’s discuss certain ways in which this problem can be solved.

Method #1 : Using list comprehension + split() + strip() 
The combination of the above methods can be used to solve this problem. In this, we perform the split of elements and then strip the stray character to convert data types and compile the whole logic of list construction using list comprehension.

Python3




# Python3 code to demonstrate working of
# Convert String of Heterogeneous types to List
# using list comprehension + split() + strip()
  
# initializing string 
test_str = "'gfg', 'is', True, 'best', False"
  
# printing original string 
print("The original string is : " + test_str)
  
# Convert String of Heterogeneous types to List
# using list comprehension + split() + strip()
res = [ele.strip() if ele.strip().startswith("'") else ele == 'True'
      for ele in test_str.split(', ')]
  
# printing result
print("List after conversion from string : " + str(res))
Output : 
The original string is : 'gfg', 'is', True, 'best', False
List after conversion from string : ["'gfg'", "'is'", True, "'best'", False]

 

Method #2 : Using eval() 
This inbuilt function auto-detects the data type and performs the conversion. It is single phrase solution and also provides a solution even if integers are in string and hence recommended for this solution.

Python3




# Python3 code to demonstrate working of
# Convert String of Heterogeneous types to List
# using eval()
  
# initializing string 
test_str = "'gfg', 'is', True, 'best', False, 1, 2"
  
# printing original string 
print("The original string is : " + test_str)
  
# Convert String of Heterogeneous types to List
# using eval()
res = list(eval(test_str))
  
# printing result
print("List after conversion from string : " + str(res))
Output : 
The original string is : 'gfg', 'is', True, 'best', False, 1, 2
List after conversion from string : ["'gfg'", "'is'", True, "'best'", False, 1, 2]

 


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