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Pure CSS Menus

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In this article we will learn about Pure CSS Menus, Menus are the main tools for visitors to navigate throughout a website. Pure.CSS comes up with very simple vertical and horizontal menus that can be easily customized by the developer.

Pure CSS Menu Classes:

  • Vertical Menu
  • Horizontal Menu
  • Selected and Disabled Items Inside a Menu
  • Dropdown Menu
  • Vertical Menu With Nested Submenu

Vertical Menu: The Menus provided by Pure.CSS are vertical by default. The default styling is minimal so the developer can customize it easily. The default vertical menu generally contains the full width of its container but the developer can specify it. The developer can also set the display attribute accordingly.

  • pure-menu is the default class that generates the horizontal menu. It can contain the menu items and headings in the form of a  list.
  • pure-menu-list  is the class for the unordered list that contains the menu items. The list items inside this list must have the class ‘pure-menu-item’.
  • pure-menu-link is the class that is added to the links inside the menu items.
  • pure-menu-heading is the class that is added for the headings inside or outside the menu list. By default, it capitalizes the text inside.

Syntax : 

<div class="pure-menu">
    <ul class="pure-menu-list">
        <li class="pure-menu-heading">
            Some Text Here
        </li>
        <li class="pure-menu-item">
            <a href="#" class="pure-menu-link">
                Some Text Here
            </a>
        </li>
    </ul>
</div>

Example: Here is the implementation of the above-explained method.

HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <title>Pure CSS Menus</title>
 
    <link rel="stylesheet"
          href=
 
    <style>
        .custom-width {
            display: inline-block;
        }
        .pure-menu-heading{
            color: #308d46;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
    <div class="pure-menu custom-width">
        <ul class="pure-menu-list">
            <li class="pure-menu-heading">
                GeeksforGeeks
            </li>
            <li class="pure-menu-item">
                <a href="#"
                   class="pure-menu-link">
                    Tutorials
                </a>
            </li>
            <li class="pure-menu-item">
                <a href="#"
                   class="pure-menu-link">
                    Students
                </a>
            </li>
            <li class="pure-menu-item">
                <a href="#"
                   class="pure-menu-link">
                    Jobs
                </a>
            </li>
            <li class="pure-menu-item">
                <a href="#"
                   class="pure-menu-link">
                    Courses
                </a>
            </li>
        </ul>
    </div>
</body>
</html>

                    

Output:

Horizontal Menu: Add the class ‘pure-menu-horizontal’ to the default vertical ‘pure-menu’ to make it a horizontal menu. The child elements like the pure-menu-list , pure-menu-item , pure-menu-link, and pure-menu-heading remain the same as the default vertical menu.

Syntax:

<div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal">
    <ul class="pure-menu-list">
        <li class="pure-menu-heading">Some Text Here</li>
        <li class="pure-menu-item">
            <a href="#" class="pure-menu-link">
                Some Text Here
            </a>
        </li>
    </ul>
</div>

Example: In this example, we are using the above-explained method.

HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <title>Pure CSS Menus</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet"
          href=
 
    <style>
        .pure-menu-heading{
            color: #308d46;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
    <div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal">
        <ul class="pure-menu-list">
            <li class="pure-menu-heading">
                GeeksforGeeks
            </li>
            <li class="pure-menu-item">
                <a href="#"
                   class="pure-menu-link">
                    Tutorials
                </a>
            </li>
            <li class="pure-menu-item">
                <a href="#"
                   class="pure-menu-link">
                    Students
                </a>
            </li>
            <li class="pure-menu-item">
                <a href="#"
                   class="pure-menu-link">
                    Jobs
                </a>
            </li>
            <li class="pure-menu-item">
                <a href="#"
                   class="pure-menu-link">
                    Courses
                </a>
            </li>
        </ul>
    </div>
</body>
</html>

                    

Output:

Selected and Disabled Items Inside the Menu: Pure CSS provides default classes that enable us to highlight a menu item as disabled or selected. ‘pure-menu-disabled‘ class name is added after the ‘pure-menu-item‘ to disable an item and the ‘pure-menu-selected‘ class name is added to make the item look like selected.

Syntax:

<li class="pure-menu-item pure-menu-disabled">
    Inner Elements
</li>
<li class="pure-menu-item pure-menu-selected">
    Inner Elements
</li>

Example: Here is the basic use of the above method.

HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
 
<head>
    <title>Pure.CSS | Menus</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href=
 
    <style>
        .pure-menu-heading {
            color: #308d46;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
    <div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal">
        <ul class="pure-menu-list">
            <li class="pure-menu-heading">
                GeeksforGeeks
            </li>
            <li class="pure-menu-item pure-menu-selected">
                <a href="#" class="pure-menu-link">
                    Selected
                </a>
            </li>
            <li class="pure-menu-item pure-menu-disabled">
                <a href="#" class="pure-menu-link">
                    Disabled
                </a>
            </li>
            <li class="pure-menu-item">
                <a href="#" class="pure-menu-link">
                    Normal
                </a>
            </li>
        </ul>
    </div>
</body>
 
</html>

                    

Output:

Dropdown Menu: Dropdown items can only be added to the horizontal menu. The steps to create a dropdown menu are discussed below.

  • Pick the list item to which you want to add dropdown items and add the class ‘pure-menu-has-children‘ to it.
  • Create an unordered list inside that element with a class of ‘pure-menu-children‘.
  • Add the list items inside it with a class of ‘pure-menu-item‘.
  • Add the class ‘pure-menu-allow-hover‘ to the parent list-item to make the dropdown occur on hover.

Syntax:

<li class="pure-menu-item 
    pure-menu-has-children pure-menu-allow-hover">
    Some Inner Elements
    <ul class="pure-menu-children">
        <li class="pure-menu-item">
            Inner Elements
        </li>
    </ul>
</li>

Example: Here is the basic example of the above method.

HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
 
<head>
    <title>Pure.CSS | Menus</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href=
 
    <style>
        .pure-menu-heading {
            color: #308d46;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
    <div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal">
        <ul class="pure-menu-list">
            <li class="pure-menu-heading">
                GeeksforGeeks
            </li>
            <li class="pure-menu-item
                       pure-menu-has-children
                       pure-menu-allow-hover">
                <a href="#"
                   class="pure-menu-link">
                    Tutorials
                </a>
                <ul class="pure-menu-children">
                    <li class="pure-menu-item">
                        <a href="#"
                           class="pure-menu-link">
                            Data Structures and Algorithms
                        </a>
                    </li>
                    <li class="pure-menu-item">
                        <a href="#"
                           class="pure-menu-link">
                            GATE 2021
                        </a>
                    </li>
                    <li class="pure-menu-item">
                        <a href="#"
                           class="pure-menu-link">
                            Practice
                        </a>
                    </li>
                </ul>
            </li>
            <li class="pure-menu-item">
                <a href="#"
                   class="pure-menu-link">
                    Students
                </a>
            </li>
            <li class="pure-menu-item">
                <a href="#"
                   class="pure-menu-link">
                    Jobs
                </a>
            </li>
            <li class="pure-menu-item">
                <a href="#"
                   class="pure-menu-link">
                    Courses
                </a>
            </li>
        </ul>
    </div>
</body>
</html>

                    

Output:

Vertical Menu With Nested Submenu: The method of creating a vertical menu with a nested submenu is very much similar to that of the dropdown menu. Just the menu has to be a default vertical menu instead of a horizontal menu.

Syntax:

<li class="pure-menu-item pure-menu-has-children pure-menu-allow-hover">
    Some Inner Elements
    <ul class="pure-menu-children">
        <li class="pure-menu-item">
            Inner Elements
        </li>
    </ul>
</li>

Example: Here is the basic example of our method.

HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <title>Pure CSS Menus</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href=
 
    <style>
        .pure-menu-heading {
            color: #308d46;
        }
 
        .custom-display {
            display: inline-block;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
    <div class="pure-menu custom-display">
        <ul class="pure-menu-list">
            <li class="pure-menu-heading">
                GeeksforGeeks
            </li>
            <li class="pure-menu-item
                       pure-menu-has-children
                       pure-menu-allow-hover">
                <a href="#"
                   class="pure-menu-link">
                    Tutorials
                </a>
                <ul class="pure-menu-children">
                    <li class="pure-menu-item">
                        <a href="#"
                           class="pure-menu-link">
                            Data Structures and Algorithms
                        </a>
                    </li>
                    <li class="pure-menu-item">
                        <a href="#"
                           class="pure-menu-link">
                            GATE 2021
                        </a>
                    </li>
                    <li class="pure-menu-item">
                        <a href="#"
                           class="pure-menu-link">
                            Practice
                        </a>
                    </li>
                </ul>
            </li>
            <li class="pure-menu-item">
                <a href="#"
                   class="pure-menu-link">
                    Students
                </a>
            </li>
            <li class="pure-menu-item">
                <a href="#"
                   class="pure-menu-link">
                    Jobs
                </a>
            </li>
            <li class="pure-menu-item">
                <a href="#"
                   class="pure-menu-link">
                    Courses
                </a>
            </li>
        </ul>
    </div>
</body>
</html>

                    

Output:



Last Updated : 10 May, 2023
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