Program to calculate the number of odd days in given number of years

Given an integer N, the task is to find the number of odd days in the years from 1 to N
Odd Days: Number of odd days refer to those days that are left in a certain year(s) when it’s days gets converted into weeks. Say, an ordinary year has 365 days, that is 52 weeks and one odd day. This means, out of the 365 days in an ordinary year, 364 days will get converted into 52 weeks and one day will remain. This one day is referred to as 1 odd day.

• Simply the modulus total number of days by 7(days in a week) gives us the number of odd days.
• It’s value lies between 0 to 6 only. [0, 6]
• Leap Year: Every year divisible either by 400 or by 4 but not 100
• Ordinary Year: Years Except Leap Years
• Every Ordinary Year has 1 odd day.
• Every Leap Year has 2 odd days.

Examples:

Input: N = 8
Output:
Out of the 8 years, 4 and 8 are the only leap years.
(6 x 1) + (2 x 2) = 10 i.e. 1 week and 3 days
Input: N = 400
Output:

Approach:

1. Count number of ordinary years and number of leap years out of given N years.
2. Calculate the overall number of days.
3. Print the modulo(7) of the total number of days.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++

 `// C++ implementation of the approach``#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `// Function to return the count of odd days``int` `oddDays(``int` `N)``{` `    ``// Count of years divisible``    ``// by 100 and 400``    ``int` `hund1 = N / 100;``    ``int` `hund4 = N / 400;` `    ``// Every 4th year is a leap year``    ``int` `leap = N >> 2;``    ``int` `ord = N - leap;` `    ``// Every 100th year is divisible by 4``    ``// but is not a leap year``    ``if` `(hund1) {``        ``ord += hund1;``        ``leap -= hund1;``    ``}` `    ``// Every 400th year is divisible by 100``    ``// but is a leap year``    ``if` `(hund4) {``        ``ord -= hund4;``        ``leap += hund4;``    ``}` `    ``// Total number of extra days``    ``int` `days = ord + leap * 2;` `    ``// modulo(7) for final answer``    ``int` `odd = days % 7;` `    ``return` `odd;``}` `// Driver code``int` `main()``{` `    ``// Number of days``    ``int` `N = 100;``    ``cout << oddDays(N);` `    ``return` `0;``}`

Java

 `// Java implementation of the approach``import` `java.io.*;``class` `GFG {` `    ``// Function to return the count of odd days``    ``static` `int` `oddDays(``int` `N)``    ``{``        ``// Count of years divisible``        ``// by 100 and 400``        ``int` `hund1 = N / ``100``;``        ``int` `hund4 = N / ``400``;` `        ``// Every 4th year is a leap year``        ``int` `leap = N >> ``2``;``        ``int` `ord = N - leap;` `        ``// Every 100th year is divisible by 4``        ``// but is not a leap year``        ``if` `(hund1 > ``0``) {``            ``ord += hund1;``            ``leap -= hund1;``        ``}` `        ``// Every 400th year is divisible by 100``        ``// but is a leap year``        ``if` `(hund4 > ``0``) {``            ``ord -= hund4;``            ``leap += hund4;``        ``}` `        ``// Total number of extra days``        ``int` `days = ord + leap * ``2``;` `        ``// modulo(7) for final answer``        ``int` `odd = days % ``7``;` `        ``return` `odd;``    ``}` `    ``// Driver code``    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String args[])``    ``{` `        ``// Number of days``        ``int` `N = ``100``;``        ``System.out.print(oddDays(N));``    ``}``}`

Python3

 `# Python3 implementation of the approach` `# Function to return the count of odd days``def` `oddDays(N):` `    ``# Count of years divisible``    ``# by 100 and 400``    ``hund1 ``=` `N ``/``/` `100``    ``hund4 ``=` `N ``/``/` `400` `    ``# Every 4th year is a leap year``    ``leap ``=` `N >> ``2``    ``ordd ``=` `N ``-` `leap` `    ``# Every 100th year is divisible by 4``    ``# but is not a leap year``    ``if` `(hund1):``        ``ordd ``+``=` `hund1``        ``leap ``-``=` `hund1` `    ``# Every 400th year is divisible by 100``    ``# but is a leap year``    ``if` `(hund4):``        ``ordd ``-``=` `hund4``        ``leap ``+``=` `hund4` `    ``# Total number of extra days``    ``days ``=` `ordd ``+` `leap ``*` `2` `    ``# modulo(7) for final answer``    ``odd ``=` `days ``%` `7` `    ``return` `odd` `# Driver code` `# Number of days``N ``=` `100``print``(oddDays(N))` `# This code is contributed``# by mohit kumar`

C#

 `// C# implementation of the approach``using` `System;` `class` `GFG ``{` `    ``// Function to return the count of odd days``    ``static` `int` `oddDays(``int` `N)``    ``{``        ``// Count of years divisible``        ``// by 100 and 400``        ``int` `hund1 = N / 100;``        ``int` `hund4 = N / 400;` `        ``// Every 4th year is a leap year``        ``int` `leap = N >> 2;``        ``int` `ord = N - leap;` `        ``// Every 100th year is divisible by 4``        ``// but is not a leap year``        ``if` `(hund1 > 0) ``        ``{``            ``ord += hund1;``            ``leap -= hund1;``        ``}` `        ``// Every 400th year is divisible by 100``        ``// but is a leap year``        ``if` `(hund4 > 0) ``        ``{``            ``ord -= hund4;``            ``leap += hund4;``        ``}` `        ``// Total number of extra days``        ``int` `days = ord + leap * 2;` `        ``// modulo(7) for final answer``        ``int` `odd = days % 7;` `        ``return` `odd;``    ``}` `    ``// Driver code``    ``static` `void` `Main()``    ``{` `        ``// Number of days``        ``int` `N = 100;``        ``Console.WriteLine(oddDays(N));``    ``}``}` `// This code is contributed by mits`

PHP

 `> 2; ``    ``\$ord` `= ``\$N` `- ``\$leap``; ` `    ``// Every 100th year is divisible by 4 ``    ``// but is not a leap year ``    ``if` `(``\$hund1``) ``    ``{ ``        ``\$ord` `+= ``\$hund1``; ``        ``\$leap` `-= ``\$hund1``; ``    ``} ` `    ``// Every 400th year is divisible by 100 ``    ``// but is a leap year ``    ``if` `(``\$hund4``) ``    ``{ ``        ``\$ord` `-= ``\$hund4``; ``        ``\$leap` `+= ``\$hund4``; ``    ``} ` `    ``// Total number of extra days ``    ``\$days` `= ``\$ord` `+ ``\$leap` `* 2; ` `    ``// modulo(7) for final answer ``    ``\$odd` `= ``\$days` `% 7; ` `    ``return` `\$odd``; ``} ` `// Driver code ` `// Number of days ``\$N` `= 100; ` `echo` `oddDays(``\$N``); ` `// This code is contributed by Ryuga``?>`

Javascript

 ``

Output:
`5`

Time Complexity: O(1)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

Previous
Next