Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Improve Article

Print the balanced bracket expression using given brackets

  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 07 May, 2021

Given four integers a, b, c and d which signifies the number of four types of brackets. 
 

  1. “((“
  2. “()”
  3. “)(“
  4. “))”

The task is to print any balanced bracket expression using all the given brackets. If we cannot form a balanced bracket expression then print -1. In case of multiple answers, print any one. 
Examples: 
 

Input: a = 3, b = 1, c = 4, d = 3 
Output: (((((()()()()())))))()
Input: a = 3, b = 1, c = 4, d = 8 
Output: -1 
No balanced bracket expression is possible with the given brackets. 
 

 

Approach: First check if the balanced bracket expression can be formed with the given number of brackets. We can form the expression if the number of type1 brackets is equal to the number of type4 brackets with any number of type3 brackets or if there are only type 2 brackets. Hence the combining condition will be: 
 



(a == d && a) || (a == 0 && c == 0 && d == 0) 
 

The following steps can be followed to print the balanced bracket expression if the above condition is satisfied: 
 

  • Print number of type1 brackets.
  • Print number of type3 brackets.
  • Print number of type4 brackets.
  • Print number of type2 brackets.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:
 

C++




// C++ implementation of the approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to print balanced bracket
// expression if it is possible
void printBalancedExpression(int a, int b, int c, int d)
{
 
    // If the condition is met
    if ((a == d && a) || (a == 0 && c == 0 && d == 0)) {
 
        // Print brackets of type-1
        for (int i = 1; i <= a; i++)
            cout << "((";
 
        // Print brackets of type-3
        for (int i = 1; i <= c; i++)
            cout << ")(";
 
        // Print brackets of type-4
        for (int i = 1; i <= d; i++)
            cout << "))";
 
        // Print brackets of type-2
        for (int i = 1; i <= b; i++)
            cout << "()";
    }
 
    // If the condition is not met
    else
        cout << -1;
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    int a = 3, b = 1, c = 4, d = 3;
    printBalancedExpression(a, b, c, d);
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java implementation of the above approach
class GFG
{
     
    // Function to print balanced bracket
    // expression if it is possible
    static void printBalancedExpression(int a,
                            int b, int c, int d)
    {
     
        // If the condition is met
        if (((a == d) && (a != 0)) ||
        ((a == 0) && (c == 0) && (d == 0)))
        {
     
            // Print brackets of type-1
            for (int i = 1; i <= a; i++)
                System.out.print("((");
     
            // Print brackets of type-3
            for (int i = 1; i <= c; i++)
                System.out.print(")(");
     
            // Print brackets of type-4
            for (int i = 1; i <= d; i++)
                System.out.print("))");
     
            // Print brackets of type-2
            for (int i = 1; i <= b; i++)
                System.out.print("()");
        }
     
        // If the condition is not met
        else
            System.out.print(-1);
    }
     
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        int a = 3, b = 1, c = 4, d = 3;
        printBalancedExpression(a, b, c, d);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Ryuga

Python3




# Python3 implementation of the approach
 
# Function to print balanced bracket
# expression if it is possible
def printBalancedExpression(a, b, c, d):
 
    # If the condition is met
    if ((a == d and a) or
        (a == 0 and c == 0 and d == 0)):
 
        # Print brackets of type-1
        for i in range(1, a + 1):
            print("((", end = "")
 
        # Print brackets of type-3
        for i in range(1, c + 1):
            print(")(", end = "")
 
        # Print brackets of type-4
        for i in range(1, d + 1):
            print("))", end = "")
 
        # Print brackets of type-2
        for i in range(1, b + 1):
            print("()", end = "")
     
    # If the condition is not met
    else:
        print("-1")
 
# Driver code
if __name__ == "__main__":
 
    a, b, c, d = 3, 1, 4, 3
    printBalancedExpression(a, b, c, d)
 
# This code is contributed by Rituraj Jain

C#




// C# implementation of the approach
using System;
 
class GFG
{
     
// Function to print balanced bracket
// expression if it is possible
static void printBalancedExpression(int a,
                        int b, int c, int d)
{
 
    // If the condition is met
    if (((a == d) && (a != 0)) ||
       ((a == 0) && (c == 0) && (d == 0)))
    {
 
        // Print brackets of type-1
        for (int i = 1; i <= a; i++)
            Console.Write("((");
 
        // Print brackets of type-3
        for (int i = 1; i <= c; i++)
            Console.Write(")(");
 
        // Print brackets of type-4
        for (int i = 1; i <= d; i++)
            Console.Write("))");
 
        // Print brackets of type-2
        for (int i = 1; i <= b; i++)
            Console.Write("()");
    }
 
    // If the condition is not met
    else
        Console.Write(-1);
}
 
// Driver code
public static void Main()
{
    int a = 3, b = 1, c = 4, d = 3;
    printBalancedExpression(a, b, c, d);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by Akanksha Rai

PHP




<?php
 
//PHP implementation of the approach
// Function to print balanced bracket
// expression if it is possible
function printBalancedExpression($a, $b, $c, $d)
{
 
    // If the condition is met
    if (($a == $d && $a) ||
       ($a == 0 && $c == 0 && $d == 0))
    {
 
        // Print brackets of type-1
        for ($i = 1; $i <= $a; $i++)
            echo "((";
 
        // Print brackets of type-3
        for ($i = 1; $i <= $c; $i++)
            echo ")(";
 
        // Print brackets of type-4
        for ($i = 1; $i <= $d; $i++)
            echo "))";
 
        // Print brackets of type-2
        for ($i = 1; $i <= $b; $i++)
            echo "()";
    }
 
    // If the condition is not met
    else
        echo -1;
}
 
    // Driver code
    $a = 3;
    $b = 1;
    $c = 4;
    $d = 3;
    printBalancedExpression($a, $b, $c, $d);
     
    // This code is contributed by jit_t
 
?>

Javascript




<script>
 
// Javascript implementation of the above approach
 
// Function to print balanced bracket
// expression if it is possible
    function printBalancedExpression(a , b , c , d)
    {
 
        // If the condition is met
        if (((a == d) && (a != 0)) || ((a == 0) &&
        (c == 0) && (d == 0))) {
 
            // Print brackets of type-1
            for (i = 1; i <= a; i++)
                document.write("((");
 
            // Print brackets of type-3
            for (i = 1; i <= c; i++)
                document.write(")(");
 
            // Print brackets of type-4
            for (i = 1; i <= d; i++)
                document.write("))");
 
            // Print brackets of type-2
            for (i = 1; i <= b; i++)
                document.write("()");
        }
 
        // If the condition is not met
        else
            document.write(-1);
    }
 
    // Driver code
     
        var a = 3, b = 1, c = 4, d = 3;
        printBalancedExpression(a, b, c, d);
 
// This code contributed by umadevi9616
 
</script>
Output: 
(((((()()()()())))))()

 




My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :