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Print a matrix in alternate manner (left to right then right to left)

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  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 07 Jul, 2022
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Given a 2D array, the task is to print the 2D in alternate manner (First row from left to right, then from right to left, and so on). 

Examples: 

Input : arr[][2] = {{1, 2}
                    {2, 3}}; 
Output : 1  2  3  2 
 
Input :arr[][3] = { { 7 , 2 , 3 },
                    { 2 , 3 , 4 },
                    { 5 , 6 ,  1 }}; 
Output : 7  2   3  4  3  2  5  6  1

The solution of this problem is that run two loops and print row in left to right and right to left manners. We maintain a flag to see if current row should be printed from left to right or right to left. We toggle the flag after every iteration.

Implementation:

C++




// C++ program to print matrix in alternate manner
#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
#define R 3
#define C 3
 
// Function for print matrix in alternate manner
void convert(int arr[R][C])
{
    bool leftToRight = true;
    for (int i=0; i<R; i++)
    {
        if (leftToRight)
        {
            for (int j=0; j<C; j++)
                printf("%d ", arr[i][j]);
        }
        else
        {
            for (int j=C-1; j>=0; j--)
                printf("%d ",arr[i][j]);
        }
 
        leftToRight = !leftToRight;
    }
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    int arr[][C] =
    {
        { 1 , 2 , 3 },
        { 3 , 2 , 1 },
        { 4 , 5 , 6 },
    };
 
    convert(arr);
    return 0;
}

Java




//Java program to print matrix in alternate manner
class GFG {
 
    static final int R = 3;
    static final int C = 3;
 
// Function for print matrix in alternate manner
    static void convert(int arr[][]) {
        boolean leftToRight = true;
        for (int i = 0; i < R; i++) {
            if (leftToRight) {
                for (int j = 0; j < C; j++) {
                    System.out.printf("%d ", arr[i][j]);
                }
            } else {
                for (int j = C - 1; j >= 0; j--) {
                    System.out.printf("%d ", arr[i][j]);
                }
            }
 
            leftToRight = !leftToRight;
        }
    }
 
// Driver code
    static public void main(String[] args) {
        int arr[][]
                = {
                    {1, 2, 3},
                    {3, 2, 1},
                    {4, 5, 6},};
 
        convert(arr);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Rajput-Ji

Python 3




# Python 3 program to print matrix
# in alternate manner
R = 3
C = 3
 
# Function for print matrix
# in alternate manner
def convert(arr):
 
    leftToRight = True
    for i in range(R):
        if (leftToRight):
            for j in range(C):
                print(arr[i][j], end = " ")
     
        else:
            for j in range(C - 1, -1, -1):
                print(arr[i][j], end = " ")
 
        leftToRight = not leftToRight
 
# Driver code
if __name__ == "__main__":
    arr =[[ 1 , 2 , 3 ],
          [ 3 , 2 , 1 ],
          [ 4 , 5 , 6 ]]
 
    convert(arr)
 
# This code is contributed
# by ChitraNayal

C#




     
//C# program to print matrix in alternate manner
using System;
public class GFG {
  
    static readonly int R = 3;
    static readonly int C = 3;
  
// Function for print matrix in alternate manner
    static void convert(int [,]arr) {
        bool leftToRight = true;
        for (int i = 0; i < R; i++) {
            if (leftToRight) {
                for (int j = 0; j < C; j++) {
                    Console.Write(arr[i,j]+" ");
                }
            } else {
                for (int j = C - 1; j >= 0; j--) {
                    Console.Write(arr[i,j]+" ");
                }
            }
  
            leftToRight = !leftToRight;
        }
    }
  
// Driver code
    static public void Main() {
        int [,]arr
                = {
                    {1, 2, 3},
                    {3, 2, 1},
                    {4, 5, 6},};
  
        convert(arr);
    }
}
  
// This code is contributed by Rajput-Ji

PHP




<?php
// PHP program to print matrix
// in alternate manner
$R = 3;
$C = 3;
 
// Function for print matrix
// in alternate manner
function convert($arr)
{
    global $R;
    global $C;
    $leftToRight = true;
    for ($i = 0; $i < $R; $i++)
    {
        if ($leftToRight)
        {
            for ($j = 0; $j < $C; $j++)
                echo $arr[$i][$j], " ";
        }
        else
        {
            for ($j = $C - 1; $j >= 0; $j--)
                echo $arr[$i][$j], " ";
        }
 
        $leftToRight = !$leftToRight;
    }
}
 
// Driver code
$arr = array(array(1 , 2 , 3 ),
             array(3 , 2 , 1 ),
             array(4 , 5 , 6 ));
 
convert($arr);
 
// This code is contributed by ajit
?>

Javascript




<script>
// Javascript program to print matrix in alternate manner
    let R = 3;
    let C = 3;
     
    // Function for print matrix in alternate manner
    function convert(arr)
    {
        let leftToRight = true;
        for (let i = 0; i < R; i++) {
            if (leftToRight) {
                for (let j = 0; j < C; j++) {
                    document.write(arr[i][j]+" ");
                }
            } else {
                for (let j = C - 1; j >= 0; j--) {
                    document.write( arr[i][j]+" ");
                }
            }
   
            leftToRight = !leftToRight;
        }
    }
     
    // Driver code
    let arr =[[ 1 , 2 , 3 ],
          [ 3 , 2 , 1 ],
          [ 4 , 5 , 6 ]]
    convert(arr)
     
    // This code is contributed by avanitrachhadiya2155
</script>

Output

1 2 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 

Time Complexity : O(R*C) 
Space Complexity : O(1)

This article is contributed by DANISH_RAZA. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using write.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to review-team@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks. 


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